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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
rectal and auricle temp is __ to __ degrees higher than oral.
.5 to 1
axillary temp is __ to __ degrees lower than oral.
.5 to 1
glascow coma scale
used to assess LOC for people with trauma, hypoxia, or metabolic event
ramsay sedation scale
used to assess LOC, pharmacologically induced
Decorticate posture
clenched fists, and extended legs. The arms are bent inward toward the body
Decerebrate posture
rigid extension of the arms and legs
Hemiparesis
is the partial paralysis of one side of the body
Myoclonus
brief, involuntary twitching of a muscle or a group of muscles
oriented X 3
who they are, where they are and what is the time/date
Sensorium
a generic term for the intellectual and cognitive functions. (decreased mental function, impaired judgement, comfusion)
febrile
hyperthermia
for every 1 degree celceus increase in temp, the O2 consumption and CO2 prodution increases by __%
10
bigeminy and trigeminy
types of Premature Ventricular Contractions
Biot's respiration
groups of quick, shallow inspirations followed by regular or irregular periods of apnea.
Kussmaul breathing
very deep and labored breathing with normal or reduced frequency
Cheyne-Stokes respiration
periods of breathing with gradually increasing and decreasing tidal volume interspersed with periods of apnea.
pectus excavatum
concave chest
pectum carinatum
sternum protrudes
name a pathos that can cause kussmaul's breathing
diabetic ketoacidosis
Biot's
irregular breathing with long periods of apnea
Cheyne-Stokes respiration
periods of breathing with gradually increasing and decreasing tidal volume interspersed with periods of apnea.
pectus excavatum
concave chest
pectum carinatum
sternum protrudes
name a pathos that can cause kussmaul's breathing
diabetic ketoacidosis
Biot's
irregular breathing with long periods of apnea
kussmaul's
deep and fast
cheyne-stokes
breaths increase and decrease in depth and rate with periods of apnea
Bradypnea
abnormally slow breathing rate.
Orthopnea
dyspnea which occurs when lying flat
Ascites
accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
the 4 most importaint characteristics of sputum
color, odor, amount and consistency
what does PMI stand for?
point of maximal pulse
where is the PMI?
just left of the sternum, between the 4th and 5th ribs
Where is the radial pulse taken?
located on the thumb side of the wrist
Where is the brachial pulse taken?
medial side of the elbow cavity
Skin turgor
abnormality in the skin's elasticity. (if you pinch your arm, it doesn't normally keep that shape)
tactile fremitus
vibrations felt through the chest wall when someone speaks
atelectasis
collapse of part or all of a lung caused by a blockage of the air passages or by pressure on the lung.
vesicular breath sounds
normal; heard over all areas of normally ventilated lungs
bronchial breath sounds
normal; heard over trachea- abnormal if heard anywhere else
bronchovesicular breath sounds
heard over mainstem bronchi and between scapula - abnormal if heard anywhere else
when ausculating the heart, what is S1?
closure of the mitral and triscuspid valve
when ausculating the heart, what is S2?
closure of the pulmonic and aortic valve
bruits (brew-A)
fluttering or humming sound originating from an artery heard during systole
Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
difficulties breathing after lying flat