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77 Cards in this Set

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Nas/o
Rhin/o
nas/al pertaining to the nose
rhin/o/plasty plastic surgery of the nose
sept/o
septum sept/o/plasty
sinus/o
sinus cavity incision of any of sinus
adenoid/o
adenoids adenoid/ectomy excision of adnoids
tonsill/o
tonsils watch spelling one L
peri/tonsill/ar pertaining to area around tonsils.
pharyng/o
pharynx (throat) pharyng/o/scope
epiglott/o
epiglottis epiglott/itis
inflammation
laryng/o
larynx (voice box) laryng/o/plegia paralysis of the vocal cords
trache/o
trachea (windpipe) tache/o/stomy opening created through the neck
bronchi/o
bronchus bronchi/ectasis abnormal dialation of the bronchi
bronch/o
bronch/o/scope flexible tube passed into the lungs. instrument for examination
bronchiol/o
bronchiole bronchol/itis inflammation of bronchioles
alveol/o
alveolus alveol/ar
pneum/o
pneumon/o
pneum/ectomy excison all or part of lung
pneumon/ia inflammation of LUNGS
pulmon/o
lung pulmon/o/logist physician lung and respiratory
pleur/o
pleura pleur/o/clysis injection and removal of fluid in pleural cavity
anthrac/o
coal dust anthrac/osis chronic lung disease, formation of black nodules on bronchioles
atel/o
incomplete imperfect atel/ectasis partial or complete collapse of lung
coni/o
dust pneum/o/coni/osis disease of lung caused by charonic inhalation of dust
lob/o
lobe lob/ectomy sugerical removal of a lobe of an organ
orth/o
strait orth/o/pnea difficulty in breathing when not standing or sitting strait
ox/o
ox/i
oxygen hyp/ox/emia abnormal decrease of o in arerial blood
ox/i/meter device to measure O saturation in blood
pector/o
steth/o
thorac/o
chest pector/algia pain in chest
stethoscope
thorac/algia
phren/o
diaphragm phren/o/ptosis abnormal downward displacement of diagphram
spir/o
breathe spir/o/meter insturment to measure how much air lungs can hold (vital capacity)
-capnia
CO2 hyper/capnia excess carbon dioxide in blood
-osmia
smell an/osmia loss of sense of smell
-phonia
voice dys/phonia altered voice quality
-pnea
breathing a/pnea temp loss of breathing
-ptysis
spitting hem/o/ptysis coughing up blood or bloody sputum
-thorax
chest py/o/thorax accummulation of pus in the chest also called empyema
brady-
slow brady/pnea abnormally slow respiratory rate
dys-
bad painful dys/pnea breathing discomfort
eu-
good eu/pena normal breathing
tachy-
rapid tachy/pnea fast breathing
anosima
absense or decrease in sense of smell
external respiration
exchange of o and CO2 between the alvoli and pulmonary capillaries
internal respiration
exchange of O and CO2 between tissue cells and blood in systemic capillaries
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder includes asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema
Ascites
abnormal interperitoneal acumulation of fluid containing large amounts of protein and electrolytes
auscultation
listening to sounds within th ebody to evaluate heart, etc usually done with a stethoscope
Compliance
a measure of distensibility of lung volume
Congestive heart failure
impaired heart pumping. Failure of ventricles to eject blood efeciently results n volume overload
Exacerbation
an increase in the seriousness of a diease marked by greater intensity
Granuloma
combining form meaning tumorlike mass or nodule of granulation tissue
Paroxysmal
a marked episodic increase in symptoms
Percussion
technique of tapping the body to evaluate size, borders, etc of organs evaluate fluid
phlegm
thick mucus secreted by tissues lining the lungs
productive cough
sudden noisey expulsion of air that removes sputum, helps clear airways
sputum
material coughed up. contains mucus, celluar debris, etc
tuberculosis
chronic granulomatous infection caused by acid-fast bacillus
apnea
temporary loss of breathing
atelectasis
collapsed lung
coryza
head cold upper respiratory infection URI
Epistaxis
nosebleed nasal hemmorrahage
pneumoconiosis
caused by inhaling dust particles coal, (anthracosis) stone (chalicosis) iron (siderosis) asbestosis
pulmonary edema
acumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli
Rale
abnormal respiratory sound
Oximetry
noninvasive method of monitoring percentage of hemoglobin (Hb) saturated with oxygen
Polysomnography
test of sleep cycles
Spirometry
measurement of ventilatory ability by assessing lung capacity and flow
Bronchoscopy
visual examination of bronchi using endoscope
Sweat test
measurement of salt in sweat
Scan thoracic
nuclear scanning procedure used to diagnose blood clots and pulmonary emboli
Lung CT
cross-sectional view of chest
Aerosol therapy
inhalation of medicine
Rhinoplasty
reconstructive sugery of nose
Pneumectomy
excison of lung or lobe
Septoplasty
surgical repair of diviated nasal septum
Thoracentesis
surgical puncture of pleural cavity
ABG
Arterial blood gases
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CXR
chest x-ray
SOB
shortness of breath
T&A
tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
TPR
temperature pulse and respiration
URI
upper respiratory infection