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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Five functions of the RESPIRATORY System?
Gas Exchange oxygen from the air enter the blood and co2 leave the blood and enter the air
Regulation of blood PH
Voice production Air movement past the vocal cord folds makes sound and speech possible
Olfaction sensation of smell from airborne molecules are drawn in
Protection from microorganisms
what does the RESPIRATORY system consist of?
nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
What is the upper RESPIRATORY tract?
the nose, pharnyx and associated stuctures
what is the lower RESPIRATORY tract?
larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
what is responsible for respiratory movements?
the diaphragm, muscles, thoracic, abdomanal walls
the pharynx is the common opening of the ? and ?
the digestive and repiratory systems
the pharynx is known as the ?
throat
the uvula is a posterior extension of the ?
soft palate
what consists of a outer casing of nine cartilages that are conected to one another by muscles and ligaments?
the larynx
an inflamation of the mucosal epithelium of the vocal folds is called ?
laryngitis
what do the thyroid and crycroid cartlidges do?
they maintain an open passageway for air movement
what do the epiglottis and vestibular folds do?
they prevent swallowed material from moving into the larynx
where does the primary source of sound production come from?
the vocal folds
what is the wedge shaped cartlidges that are contained in a mucus membrane anterior to the corniculate cartlidges?
the paired cuneiform cartlidges
whats the largest cartlidge of the nine larynx cartlidges?
the thyroid cartlidge (adam's apple)
the thyroid cartlidge is shaped like what?
a shield
what shape is the arytenoid cartlidge?
ladle-shaped
what shape is the corniculate cartlidge?
horn-shaped
the three parts of the pharynx are the ?,? and ?
nasopharynx, the oropharynx and the laryngopharynx
the trachea is also known as the ?
the windpipe
what is made of dense regular connective tissues and reinforced with 15-20 c-shaped peices of cartlidge?
trachea
the vistublar folds and the vocal folds are lined with ?
stratified squamaous epithelium
the larynx is lined with ?
pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium