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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Any discomfort in the thoracic cavity
chest pain
Enlargement of the ends of the fingers and toes with loss of the nailbed angle.
clubbing
Excessive or abnormal accumulation of fluid (such as mucus in the sinuses)
congestion
A sudden, noisy expulsion of air from the lungs. This is a reflex to keep the airway free of foreign matter
cough
Bluish discoloration particularly of the nailbeds and perioral area
cyanosis
Shortness of breath
dyspnea
Coughing up blood or blood-stained sputum, usually due to bleeding somewhere in the respiratory tract
hemoptysis
An involuntary spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm that occurs on inspiration and results in a distinctive sound
hiccup
hiccup also spelled
hiccough
A vague feeling of bodily discomfort and fatigue.
malaise
Matter ejected from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea through the mouth
sputum
Consistency of sputum that contains pus
purulent
Consistency of sputum that is thick
viscous
These are discontinuous nonmusical sounds heard primarily during inspiration. They are also called crackles.
rales
crackles =
rales
Continuous dry rattling sounds in the throat or bronchial
tube that are due to a partial obstruction
rhonchi
A musical sound heard with a stethoscope on inspiration
stridor
Very rapid respirations
tachypnea
Whistling or wheezing noises associated with breathing; a telltale symptom of asthma.
wheezing
Sputum from the chest which may contain mucus, blood, cellular debris, microorganisms, and pus
expectoration
An inadequate supply of oxygen in the blood
hypoxia
Condition where external breathing is suspended
apnea
cessation of breath with a sudden onset during sleep
and can be a fatal condition if left untreated
sleep apnea
Surgical puncture of chest wall in order to aspirate fluid
thoracentesis
exam of bronchi with scope
bronchoscopy
An abundance of carbon dioxide present in the blood.
hypercapnia
severe hypoxia =
anoxia
absence of oxygen inspired gases or in arterial blood or in the tissues; severe hypoxia
anoxia
sputum that contains pus
purulent
thick sputum =
viscous
crackles =
rales
nonmusical sounds heard primarily during inspiration
rales/crackles
Continuous dry rattling sounds in the throat or bronchial tube that are due to a partial obstruction.
rhonchi
A musical sound heard with a stethoscope on inspiration.
stridor
very rapid respirations
tachypnea
telltale symptom of asthma
wheezing
Sputum from the chest which may contain mucus, blood, cellular debris, microorganisms, and pus
expectoration
An inadequate supply of oxygen in the blood.
hypoxia
Condition where external breathing is suspended.
apnea
cessation of breath with a sudden onset during sleep and can be a fatal condition if left untreated.
sleep apnea