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55 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The RR for newborns is expected to be between ___.
30-60
By the time a child is about 10 years old, the RR is ___.
18-20
The amount of air that can be forcibly expelled from the lungs after breathing in as deeply as possible is called?
vital capacity
Maximum gas volume which can be expired as quickly and forcibly as possible, after a maximum inspiration is called?
forced vital capacity
The volume of air inspired or expired with each normal breath is called?
tidal volume
Measures the maximum flow of air that can be forcefully exhaled in one second is called?
peak expiratory flow rate
This test is used to assess the severity of asthma.
peak expiratory flow rate
In infant should be NPO for ___ hours before a bronchoscopy.
4
Atropine a sedative used in bronchoscopy is sprayed in to the mouth. What are 3 side effects of atropine?
1. Increases the HR
2. Inhibition of secretions (dry mouth)
3. Relaxation of the smooth muscles (Prevents laryngospasm)
Check these three labs for biopsy.
1. PT
2. PTT
3. CBC
4 contraindications for postural drainage?
1. ICP
2. osteogenesis imperfecta (fragile bones)
3. PE
4. pulmonary hemorrhage
Perform postural drainage ___ hours after meals.
1-2
Apnea occurs when breathing stops for more than ___ seconds.
20
Example of restrictive lung disease?
scoliosis (reduces lung volume)
3 examples of inefficient gas exchange?
1. anemia
2. pulmonary edema
3. asphyxia
3 examples of obstructive lung disease?
1. asthma
2. CF
3. foreign body obstruction
4 initial signs of respiratory failure?
1. restlessness
2. tachycardia
3. tachypnea
4. diaphoresis
If there is impending respiratory failure, confirm by ____.
ABGs
When suctioning a tracheostomy for a child, suction for ____ seconds.
3-5
Vacuum pressure when suctioning a tracheostomy should range from ____ mmHg.
60-100
Use ____ ccs of saline to loosen up secretions.
0.5-2.0
First line drug in cardiac arrest.
epinephrine
IV epinephrine concentration
0.01 mg/kg 1:10,000
Endotracheal tube ephinephrine concentration
0.1 mg/kg 1:1000
IV sodium bicarbonate concentration
1 mEq/kg
Sodium bicarbonate is incompatible with ____ and ____.
epinephrine, calcium (i.e calcium gluconate)
atropine sulfate: ___ mg for children
0.5
atropine sulfate: ____ mg for adolescents
1.0
4 common S/E of bronchodilators used in asthma?
1. tremors
2. anxiety
3. N/V
4. throat irritation
2 serious S/E of bronchodilators used in asthma?
1. bronchspasm
2. dyspnea
2 examples of oral corticosteroids used in asthma?
Prednisone, Solumedrol
2 examples of inhaled corticosteroids used in asthma?
Beconase, Vancenace
Two examples of long-acting beta-agonists?
Salmeterol (Serevent); Foradil
NSAID for asthma?
cromolyn sodium (mast cell inhibitor) such as Intal
A methylxanthine used for asthma?
theophylline
3 examples of leukotriene modifiers used in asthma.
Accolate, Zyflo, Singulair
4 examples of short-acting beta agonists?
albuterol, allupent, terbutaline, xopenex
2 anticholinergics used for asthma?
atropine, atrovent
Antibiotic used prophylactically for asthma?
Zithromax
Interactions of Xopenex used to treat asthma.
BB, digoxin, loop and thiazide diuretics
7 S/E of Xopenex?
tremors, dizziness, rhinitis, tachycardia, leg cramps, increased cough, flu syndrome
Is theophylline a quick-relief medication or long-term control medication?
quick-relief medication
If you are administering theophylline IV you need a ____?
cardiac monitor
If you are administering theophylline PO, what do you need to do?
Administer with food to decrease gastric discomfort.
Therapeutic serum concentrations of theophylline is between ____.
10-20
Theophylline serum concentrations greater than 20 results in these 4 S/E.
nausea, tachycardia, irritability, headache
Theophylline serum concentrations greater than 30 results in this S/E.
seizure
Exercise induced bronchospasm occurs due to?
Loss of water from the respiratory tract
Use these three types of asthma meds. for status asthmaticus.
short-acting beta agonists, corticosteroids, anticholinergics
If you are administering theophylline PO, what do you need to do?
Administer with food to decrease gastric discomfort.
Therapeutic serum concentrations of theophylline is between ____.
10-20
Theophylline serum concentrations greater than 20 results in these 4 S/E.
nausea, tachycardia, irritability, headache
Theophylline serum concentrations greater than 30 results in this S/E.
seizure
Exercise induced bronchospasm occurs due to?
Loss of water from the respiratory tract
Use these three types of asthma meds. for status asthmaticus.
short-acting beta agonists, corticosteroids, anticholinergics