Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Certified Respiratory Therapist
Registered Respiratory Therapist
Which Lung is Larger?
Right lung
How many Lobes and segments does the right lung have?
3 lobes, 10 segments
How many Lobes and segments does the left lung have?
2 lobes, 8 segments
Pores of Kohn
openings between alveoli, they allow macrophages to pass, purpose is controversial - may be for collateral ventilation or for macrophage migration from one alveolus to an adjacent one
Channels of Lambert
another mechanism for collateral ventilation, they are located between terminal bronchioles and adjacent alveoli. it is thought that sighs and deep breaths assist in promoting this collateral ventilaltion
Alveolar Cell types -
Type I
squamous pneumocyte (structural)
Alveolar Cell types-
Type II
Granular pneumocyte (producing surfactin)
Alveolar Cell types -
Type III
Alveolar Macrophage
(has phagocytic abilities, last line of defense, they engulf things such as dust)
What monitors your ventilation and tells your brain whether you are breathing too much or too little? (helps regulate CO2)
Where are your central chemoreceptors?
in the medulla
Where are your peripheral chemoreceptors and what are they called.
located in arteries, called "bodies" ex: aortic bodies, carotid bodies
What does the rhyme "C 3,4,5 keeps us alive" mean?
It means that we need our 3rd 4th and 5th Cervical vertebrae (C) in order to live. If damage occurs to these we will become paralyzed and/or die
what does Costal mean?
what do the internal intercostals do?
compresses and brings rib cage down and in. used in exhalation
1st respiratory experiment. he wanted to research a project with anuimals. he put them in a closed chamber and after a while they died. he thought they died because it got too hot in there.
Leonardo Da vinci
Expanded on Aristotles experiment. He cooled down the box and still animals died. He then put a candle in the box and saw that is went out because of no 02. he concluded that there is some element in the environment that animals need to live and candles need to burn
Discovered Oxygen 1774
Thomas Beddoes
Father of Inhalations therapy, 1st to use 02 on patients. 1800's
Alvin Barach
American, more modern father of respiratory care. Perfected things done by predecessors. 02 tent, positive pressure mask
What are the Vital Signs
Blood pressure
respiratory rate
pulse oximetry
level of consciousness (lac)
What is Tachycardia?
high pulse rate. hyperventilation,
>100 bpm in adults
>160 in children and infants
What is bradycardia?
low pulse rate
<60 bpm in adults
<70 in children
<90 in newborns
what are some causes of tachycardia?
exercise, anxiety, fear, pain, high altitude
what are some causes of bradycardia?
heart rhythm abnormalities, certain meds, blood loss, trauma. (tell them to sit down and breath slowly)
Pulse Locations -
Pulse Locations -
thumb-side (inner aspect) of wrist
Pulse Locations -
inner aspect of elbow joint
Pulse Locations -
Pulse Locations -
top of foot near ankle (common in kids)
Pulse Locations -
over the heart
Pulse Locations -
underside (back) of knee joint
Characteristics of regular rhythm in pulse
beats are even
beats are equal in strength
no extra beats
Characteristics of irregular rhythm in pulse
beats are uneven
beats are hard to count
commonly extra beats