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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Define Human Services
Organizations established to help people in various ways. Ex. foster care, help for elderly
How do human service research and practice contribute to each other?
They determine what tx are effective. Can provide scientifically valid knowledge
Define effective practice.
Managed care more closely monitors tx for cost effectiveness & accountability.
What is social research and its objectives?
icial research is dived into descriptive, predictive, explanatory, and evaluation.
What are the three objectives of social research?
It is systematic. All aspects of research planned in advance
What are the objectives of social research?
It gathers empiracal (info or facts about the world based on sensory experiences) data.
What are the objectives of social research?
It studies social and psychological factors that affect human behavior
List the four types of research with examples.
1. Descriptive:
Attempts to discover facts or To discover facts or describe reality. Example: what are people's attitudes toward welfare? What is domestic violence?
...2. Predictive:
Make predictions about what might occur in the future or in other settings. Example: making predictions about how long people will live
...3. Explanatory:
Explains how or why something occurs. Focuses on why something happened. Example: find out why some people become deliquent.
...4. Evaluatiion:
Focus on planning intervention programs using scientific research methods, monitor new ones, evaluate old ones. Example: to get funding you must prove it works
Define two types of research:
Basic and Applied
Define Basic Research:
Pure research. Purpose is to advance knowledge about human behavior with little concern for immediate benefits. No research standards
Define Applied research:
Designed with practical outcome in mind and with assumption that some group or society as a whole will gain benefits from it. (used in human svcs.)
Application of social research is in five areas: Behavioral and Social environments
Study to gain understanding of the people we serve and the social environment they live in.
...2. Study to Assess Needs
Assess the needs of people, highly descriptive. Example: assess the community for needs for mental health svcs.
...3. Study to Assess client functioning.
Assess global functioning level. Various areas of life are accounted for here to determine needs of client.
...4. Study to evaluate larger scale program
This entails use of scientific research to assess results of a program and evaluate whether it reached its goals
...5. Study to assess effectiveness of intervention on individual, family, or focused group.
Assess efficacy of intervention efforts on specific clients. Example is single cell design/single system design. To repeatedly measure a problem, apply intervention then monitor behavior. Compare baseline behavior with post intervention behavior.
What is the difference between above two strategies?
Scope of efforts is the difference: Macro focuses on complete programs vs. study of a particular aspect of a practice situation that will not necessarily impact entire probram.
What about special issues with regard to minorities?
Minorities tend to suffer disproportionately from the problems that human service workers try to alleviate.. Many social conditions affect minorities negatively and limit opportunities and achievement potential
Name the six stage division of the research process.
Problem formulation, design development, data collection, data analysis, drawing conclsions, public dissemination.
1. Define problem formulation.
First step of research, the problem, needs to be something for which empiracal data can be gathered to develop a researchable problem.
2. Define research design development.
A detailed plan outlining how observations will be made. Plan closely followed and always addresses who will be studied, how people will be selected, what info will be gathered.
3. Define data collection
Describes what kinds of data will be collected and how it will be done. Two aspects are: pilot study - small scale run, and pretest - preliminary application of data-gathering technique for purpose of determining its adequacy.