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23 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
ad hoc hypothesis
A conjecture or speculation developed on the spto to explain a result.
analogical rhetoric
Visualizing one thing in terms of another.
a priori method
The use of individual powers of pure reason and logic as a basis of explanation.
behavior
What someone does or how someone acts.
behavioral science
A general term that encompases scientific disciplines in which empirical inquiry is used to study motivation, cognition, and behavior.
control group
A condition with which the effects of the experimental or test condition are compared.
correlational research
Another common name for relational research, that is, research in which two or more variables or conditions are measured and related to one another.
empricial
Describing controlled observatiion and measurement.
empirical reasoning
A use of logic and evidence.
experimental research
An empirical investigation in which the objective is a causal explanation.
method of authority
The acceptance of an idea as valid because it is stated by someone in a position of power or authority.
method of tenacity
Clinging stubbornly to an idea because it seems obvious or is "common sense."
methodological pluralism
The use of multiple methods of controlled observation in science.
principle of drunkard's search
The gathering of data in a convenient place but not a relevant one.
pseudoscience
Bogus claims masquerading as scientific facts.
psychophysics
The study of the relationship between physical stimuli and our experience of them.
random assignment
A synonym for randomization.
random selection
Another name for random sampling.
relational research
An empirical investigation in which the objective is to identify relations among variables.
replicate
To rpeat or uplicate a scientific observation.
rhetoric
The language of a given field, which in science encompasses the proper use of technical terms.
scientific method
A general approach or outlook (rather than a single method) emphasizing the use of empirical reasoning.
theoretical ecumenism
The use of more than one relevant theoretcial perspective, in order to foster a holistic picture.