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37 Cards in this Set

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cyst - distention of unruptured graafian follicle - may be associated with hyperestrinism and endometrial hyperplasia
follicular cyst
cyst - hemorrhage into persistent corpus luteum; menstrual irregularity
corpus luteum cyst
cyst - often bilateral/multiple; due to gonadotropin stimulation; associated with choriocarcinoma and moles
theca-lutein cyst
most common malignant germ tumor of the ovaries
dysgerminoma
most common malignant germ tumor of testes
seminoma
sheets of uniform cells, increased hCG; increased risk wiht cryptorchidism; presents as painless testicular enlargemnt
seminoma
aggressive malignancy in ovaries, testes, sacrococcygeal area of young children; Schiller-Duval bodies, primitive glomeruli, increased AFP
yolk sac (endodermal sinus) tumor
2nd most common testicular germ cell tumor; painful mass; glandular with papillary convolutions
embryonal carcinoma
what type of teratoma is malignant in females?
immature
what type of teratoma is malignant in males?
mature - painful; can present with gynecomastia
what does struma ovarii contain?
functional thyroid tissue
20% of ovarian tumors; frequently bilateral, lined with fallopian tube-like epithelium; benign
serous cystadenoma
50% of ovarian tumors; malignant and frequently bilateral
serous cystadenocarcinoma
multilocular ovarian cyst lined by mucus-secreting epithelium; benign
mucinous cystadenoma
malignant ovarian tumor; pseudomyxoma peritonei - intraperitoneal accumulation of mucinous material from ovarian or appendiceal tumor
mucinous cystadenocarcinoma
benign ovarian tumor that resembles bladder epithelium
Brenner tumor
triad of ovarian fibroma, ascites, hydrothorax
Meigs' syndrome
ovarian tumor that secretes estrogen, causing precocious puberty in kids; can cause endometrial hyperplasia or carcinoma in adults; Call-Exner bodies
granulosa cell tumo
small follicles lined with eosinophilic secretions
Call-Exner bodies
benign testicular tumor containing Reinke crystals; androgen producing - gynocomastia in men & precocious puberty in boys
Leydig cell tumor
benign, androblastoma from sex cord stroma
sertoli cell tumor
most common testicular cancer in older men
lymphoma
fibrocystic breast disease showing hyperplasia of breast stroma
fibrosis
fibrocystic disease showing fluid filled cysts
cystic
fibrocystic disease with increased acini and intralobular fibrosis
sclerosing
fibrocystic disease showing increase in number of epithelial cell layers in terminal duct lobule; increased risk of carcinoma with atypical cells; occurs >30 years
epithelial hyperplasia
most common benign breast tumor <25 years; small, mobile, firm mass with sharp eges
fibroadenoma
large, bulky mass of connective tissue and cysts; tumor may have leaflike projections; benign breast tumor
cytosarcoma phyllodes
benign tumor of lactiferous ducts - presents with nipple discharge
intraductal papilloma
early malignant breast tumor without basement membrane penetration
ductal carcinoma in situ
firm, fibrous mass; common malignant breast tumor
invasive ductal, no specific type
ductal breast cancer, with cheesy consistency due to central necrosis
comedocarcinoma
malignant breast tumor with lymphatic involvement & poor prognosis
inflammatory
fleshy, cellular, lymphocytic infiltrate w/ good prognosis (malignant breast tumor)
medullary
eczematous patches on nipple
Paget's disease of the breast
large cells with clear halo
Paget cells
from where do malignant breast tumors arise?
mammary duct epithelium or lobular glands