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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
How long is the normal menstrual cycle?
28 days
The time between ovulation and menstruation is relatively...
constant--14 days
The time between menses and ovulation is...
What factors effect the time between menses and ovulation?
illness, fatigue, increased stress, hormone imbalance, weight loss/athleticism, endocrine issues, fibroids
What are the 3 interrelated cycles of the menstrual cycle?
ovarian, hormonal, endometrial
what are the signs and symptoms of ovulation?
body temp rise of .3-.6 degrees celsius(drop first, then rise--look for "check mark"), Mittleschmerz, cervical mucus changes
what cervical mucus changes indicate ovulation?
increase in amount, becomes thin/watery/clear like egg whites, ferning, stretchable
What is Mittleschmerz?
pain which indicates ovulation--the rupture of the follicle releases blood into the peritoneal cavity
What is ferning?
Cervical mucus under microscope resembles a fern--indicates ovulation--"opens up" to allow sperm through.
What is the graafian follicle?
at the beginning of each ovarian cycle, the primary follicle is stimulated to grow from pin head to pea size
Describe ovulation.
Graafian follicle matures and enlarges and comes close to the ovary surface, which forms a blister-like protrusion. follicle wall becomes thin and allows rupture of ovum out of ovary. discharged near fimbriated end of fallopian tube and pulled in.
Describe the formation of the corpeus luteum.
follicle collapses and in about 4 days, cells multiply within the follicle and become a solid mass. if fertilization does not occur, it degenerates and becomes the corpus albicans under the influence of lutenizing hormone.
What is FSH and what does it do?
follicle stimulating hormone, stimulates the ovaries to mature an ovum.
What is LH and what does it do?
lutenizing hormone, assists in the growth of the graafian follicle and the surge prior to ovulation, assists in release of ovum
What does estrogen do?
responsible for the proliferation of the endometrium(makes thick)