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44 Cards in this Set

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A method of contraception in which the penis is withdrawn from the vagina prior to ejaculation. Also referred to as the withdrawal method.
Coitus Interruptus
A sheath made of animal membrane or latex that covers the penis during coitus and serves as a barrier to sperm after ejaculation.
Condom
Oral contraceptive
"The Pill"
Synthetic forms of the hormone estrogen and progesterone
Combination pill contents
When was birth control introduced in the U.S.?
1960
The most popular method of birth control of women of reproductive age:
Birth control pill
Fools the brain into thinking the woman is already pregnant. Estrogen inhibits FSH production so that follicles do not mature. The progesterone inhibits the pituitary's secretion of LH which would otherwise lead to ovulation.
How birth control pill works
Birth control Pill that contains synthetic progesterone only
Mini Pill
What was the name of the nurse practitioner who was a key advocate for free dissemination of info about birth control in the U.S.?
Margaret Sanger
What was the name of the case that made the supreme court legalize abortion?
Roe vs. Wade
How many days of the typical 28 day cycle is the woman supposed to take the birth control pill?
21 days
What does progestin do to LH?
It inhibits it.
How do progestin, the uterine lining and and cervical mucous work together?
Progstin thickens the cervical mucous and renders the lining less receptive to fertilized egg.
TRUE / FALSE:


The use of oral contraceptives may temporarily reduce fertility after they are discontinued, but it is not associated with permanent infertility
TRUE
TRUE / FALSE:

The use of the pill can help to decrease the risk of Pelvic Inflammatory disorder.
TRUE
TRUE / FALSE:

The pill may increase the risk for benign ovarian cysts
FALSE
TRUE / FALSE

The pill may be helpful in reducing iron deficiency anemia and facial acne.
TRUE
TRUE / FALSE

Use of the pill may increase the risk of ovarian and endometrial cancer.
FALSE
TRUE / FALSE

The pill provides protection again sexually transmitted infections.
FALSE
TRUE / FALSE

The pill can sometimes increase blood pressure.
TRUE
TRUE / FALSE

Some users of the pill have reported irritability and depression as a side effect.
TRUE
TRUE / FALSE

Starting and stopping the pill frequently, may cause fertility problems later in life.
TRUE
TRUE / FALSE

Weight gain can occur from the use of the pill, due to the estrogen causing fluid retention.
TRUE
TRUE / FALSE

Women over the age of 35 are not encouraged to use alternate forms of birth control other than the pill.
FALSE. Women over the age of 35 have increased cardiovascular problems and therefore are encouraged to seek other forms of birth control.
A post-coital contraceptive
The morning after pill
When are morning after pills the most effective?
When taken within 72 hours after ovulation
What is the morning after pill and how does it work?
The MAP contains high doses of estrogen and progestin and it stops fertilization from taking place.
What is the difference between the morning after pill and the mini-pill?
The mini pill makes the fertilized egg pass from the body rather than being implanted, the MAP stops fertilization from taking place.
TRUE / FALSE

The morning after pill is a recommended form of regular birth control
FASLE
This form of birth control contains 6 matchstick sized silicone tubes that contain progestin and are surgically implanted in a woman's upper arm.
The NORPLANT device
Lubricants and condoms:
Use only water-based lubricants such as contraceptive jelly and never use oil based lubricants because it weakens the latex.
Flushing the vagina out with water or spermacidal agents. Its considered a non-method of contraception.
Douching
Mucous discharge appears thick and sticky, white or cloudy. Coitus should be avoided at the first sign of any mucous. Peak days are when mucous discharge thins and clears.
Cervical mucous check
Menstrual cycle and body temp:
Body temp sometimes dips slightly just before ovulation and tends to rise between 0.4 and 0.8F before, during and after ovulation until onset of menstruation.
Over 30 and birth control:
Recommended not to be the pill. Sterilization most common
Failure rate of the condom is estimated to be about:
12%
Failure rate of douching as contraception has a failure rate of about:
40%
Withdrawal Method has a failure rate of about:
20% and is also considered a non-method of contraception
Surgical method of sterilization in which sperm are prevented from reaching the urethra by cutting each vas deferens and either tying it back or cauterizing it.
Vasectomy
Most common is tubal ligation, prevents ova and sperm from passing through the fallopian tubes
Female sterilization
Polyurethane sheath lines the vagina and held in place by a plastic ring. Inserted up to 8 hours prior and removed soon after coitus. Does offer protection against STI's
Female condom
Long acting and synthetic form of progesterone that works as a contraceptive by inhibiting ovulation. Administered by injection once every three months, failure rate of less than 1%, may produce side effects linked to osteoporosis.
DEPO-PROVERA
An agent that protects against disease.
Prophylactic
A fertility awareness (rhythm) method of contraception that relies on prediction of ovulation by tracking menstrual cycles typically for a 10 -12 month period and assuming that ovulation occurs 14 days prior to menstruation
Calendar method