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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is the genital system developed from?
mesoderm
what portion of the embryo gives rise to the reproductive system?
Urogenital ridges
what portion of the ovary contains the developing follicles?
cortex
what is the first indication of the sex in the embryo?
formation of the tunica albuginea
the primordial germ cells can be identified during the 4th week of development where?
Yolk sac
Embryo:

what results following the absence of the uterus?
Paramesonepheric (Mullerian)ducts degenerate
Embryo:

what results in the formation of a double uterus?

technical name of this?
Inferior part of the Mullerian ducts do not fuse

"Uterus didelphys"
Embryo:

what results in the absence of the vagina?
Vaginal plate does not develop
Embryo:

what results in vaginal atresia?
Vaginal plate does not canalize
Embryo:

what does the labia minora develop from?
Urogenital folds
Embryo:

what does the labia majora develop from?
Labioscrotal swelling
Embryo:

what does the clitoris develop from?
Genital tubercle
Embryo:

what does the fallopian tube develop from?
Mullerian ducts
Embryo:

what (2) structures does the vagina originate from?
Urogenital sinus

Mullerian ducts
what are the innominate bones composed of?
(3)
Ileum,

Ischium,

Pubis
what separates the false pelvis from the true pelvis?
Linea terminalis
which pelvis does the fetus pass during labor?
True pelvis
what plane separates the false pelvis from the true pelvis?
Pelvic Inlet
at what plane does the arrest of fetal descent occur?
Plane of Least diameter
what is the value of the obstetric conjugate?
10.0 - 11.0
what is the value of the transverse diameter of the pelvic inlet?
13.5
what is the value of the Bispinous diameter of the pelvic midplane?
10
what is the transverse diameter of the Greatest Diameter?
12.5
what is the most common pelvic type?
Gynecoid
what is found in the labia majora but not the labia minora?
Hair follicles
Name type of epithelium:

Bartholin ducts
Transitional
Name type of epithelium:

Skene duct
Transitional
Name type of epithelium:

Urethra
Transitional
Name type of epithelium:

Endocervical canal
Columnar
what is the name of the part of the uterus where the fallopian tubes enter?
Cornu
what are the (2) main anatomic divisions of the uterus?
Corpus,


Cervix
what (2) arteries supply the uterus?
Uterine artery,


Ovarian artery
where do the uterine veins enter the venous system?
Internal iliac veins
what portion of the fallopian tube boarders the ovary?
Infundibulum
what ligament supports the ovary?
Broad ligament
before puberty, what is the ratio of the body of the uterus and the cervix length?
1:1
what is the portion of the broad ligament b/t the ovaries and fallopian tube?
Mesosalpinx
what ligaments prevent uterine prolaspe?
Uterosacral ligaments
when do Oogonia stop developing?
just before birth
how are trisomy pregnancies detected?
Chorionic villus sampling
Genetics Dx:

microcephaly, distinctive facial features
Cri-du-chat
what occurs w/ failure of testicular development in a XY zygote?
patient develops as a female w/ uterus, tubes, vagina, and vulva (no ovaries)
what is the most common cause of mental retardation?
Fragile X syndrome
what amount of folic acid should be taken by a pregnant woman who already has a child with a neural tube defect?
4 mg
when is the developing brain most susceptable to teratogens?
3 - 16 weeks
when is the developing neural tube most susceptable to teratogens?
2 - 4 weeks
when is the developing heart most susceptible to teratogens?
3 - 6 weeks
Cause of Teratogenic effect:

intrauterine growth retardation, fetal hypotension, pulmonary hypoplasia
ACEi
Cause of Teratogenic effect:

skeletal defects, cleft palate
Antiepileptics
Cause of Teratogenic effect:

CNS and ear defects, cleft lip/palate, cardiac and great velles defects
(2)
Cyclophosphamide


Accutane
Cause of Teratogenic effect:

nasal hypoplasia, vertebral abnormalities, CNS malformations
Warfarin
Cause of Teratogenic effect:

limb reduction, VSD, GI atresia
Thalidomide
Cause of Teratogenic effect:

vaginal and cervical cancer, genital tract abnormalities
DES

(Diethylstilbestrol)
Cause of Teratogenic effect:

staining of primary teeth
Tetracycline