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18 Cards in this Set

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What is Normal Sexual Behavior?
Behavior that conforms to a groups median or average pattern of behavior

The only behavior agreed upon by all cultures is reproduction

All other beliefs about sexual expression and behavior develop from social context
In nearly all cultures, there are 2 things that we agree on about sexy time
Incest is the only sexual activity that is taboo across all cultures

All cultures believe in sex for procreation
What is the Styles of Love theory? which are most common for men/women?
different styles based on greek gods

Eros-tactile (women)
Mania-obsessive and possessive love “roller-coaster
Ludus-playful love “game” (men)
Storge- love between companions
Agape-brotherly love, chaste, patient altruistic
Pragma-practical love “businesslike” (most common in women)
What is Sternberg's Triangle of Love?
made of Intimacy, passion, and commitment

if you have all 3 this is known as consummate love
What is Love as Attachment?
Infant/caregiver attachment—Romantic love
Majority 55%-self worth, security, worthy of love and to be loved

Anxious/ambivalent attachment
20%- insecure, needy, fear of abandonment

Avoidant attachments
25% -fear of getting hurt, won’t put themselves out there
What was the Kinsey report?
First large scale survey of sexual behavior in women

Similarities and relevance of orgasm in male and female sexual response

Importance of foreplay & stimulation

Role of masturbation in sexual development

Also looked at the spectrum of hetero/homosexuality
Master's and Johnson came up with the Four-staged model of sexual response...what does it include?
Excitement
Plateau
Orgasm
Resolution
For both men and women, what is the sexual response (5)
Release of oxytocin during orgasm
--Increased sense of attachment/bonding…
“the cuddle hormone”

Release of endorphins & corticosteroids

Reduction in anxiety

Increased sense of satisfaction
What is Kaplan's 3 stage model of sex
Desire-thought, fantasy or erotic feeling causes us to seek sexual gratification
Excitement
Orgasm

Physiological events are the same as Masters & Johnson’s four stage model except for the conceptualization of the “desire” stage
What is sexual dysfunction?
Defined by the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) (2000)

sexual dysfunction is a “disturbance in sexual desire and in the psychophysiological changes that characterize the sexual response cycle and cause marked distress and interpersonal difficulty.”

Must also be persistent or recurrent
what is primary sexual dysfunction
someone has always experienced it, nothing new
what is secondary sexual dysfunction
you are on meds, or had an injury, ect that stops you from having a boner
what is situational sexual dysfunction?
dude went and cheated on his down chick and now he can't get it hard for her
Most common problem among American couples
Hypoactive Sexual Disorder

Lack of sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity
what is Sexual Aversion Disorder?
Aversion to and avoidance of genital contact with a partner

Aversion causes anxiety, disgust, and/or fear
Panic attacks, sweating, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea

Result of severely negative parental attitudes, sexual trauma, rape or abuse, consistent pressure from a partner

History of erectile dysfunction in men

Gender identity confusion

1 in 5 heterosexual marriages is a no-sex marriage (McCarthy et. Al)
what is Female Sexual Arousal Disorder
Inability to attain or maintain vaginal lubrication and swelling associated with sexual excitement

Symptoms-vaginal dryness, tightness, discomfort, and fissures from intercourse

Most common in peri and post-menopausal women, post hysterectomy, and women on antidepressants/analgesics
What is Vaginismus?
Involuntary muscle spasms of the outer third of the vagina that interferes with penetration

2% of females

Occurs in response to real attempts at penetration or expectation of coitus

Most common reason for unconsummated marriage

Conditioned response that reflects fear, anxiety or pain
what is Dyspareunia?
Mild to severe genital pain associated with intercourse
Insertional-lubrication, vaginismus, structural problem (imperforate hymen), infection, vulvar conditions
Deep-endometriosis, PID, ovarian cysts, adhesive disease, hormonal imbalances
Usually strong psychiatric component
Lack of sex ed, fear of genitals, sexual trauma, guilt, inhibitions, poor relationship