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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
RTA associated with abnormal H+ secretion and nephrolithiasis
Type I (distal)
RTA associated with abnormal HCO3 and rickets
Type II (proximal)
RTA associated with aldosterone defect
Type IV (distal)
"doughy skin"
hypernatremia
differential of hypervolemic hyponatremia
cirrhosis, CHF, nephritic syndrome
Chvostek's sign
facial spasm tapping facial nerve - hypocalcemia
Trousseau's sign
carpal spasm after occlusion by arterial cuff - hypocalcemia
Most common causes of hypercalcemia
malignancy and hyperparathyroidism
Twave flattening and U waves
hypokalemia
peaked T waves and widened QRS
hyperkalemia
first line treatment for moderate hypercalcemia
IV fluids and loop diuretics
type of ARF in patient with FENa <1%
prerenal
most common type of nephrolithiasis
calcium oxalate
20 y/o male presents with a palpable flank mass and hematuria. U/S shows b/l enlarged kidneys with cysts. Associated brain anomaly?
cerebral berry aneurysm (AD PcKD)
hematuria, HTN, and oliguria
nephritic syndrome
proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, hyperlipidemia, hyperlipiduria, edema
nephrotic syndrome
most common cause of nephritic syndrome
membranous GN
most common form of glomerulonephritis
IgA nephropathy (Berger's syndrome)
glomerulonephritis with deafness
Alport's syndrome
red cell casts in urine sediment
glomerulonephritis/nephritic syndrome
eosinophils in urine sediment
allerigic interstitial nephritis
waxy casts in urine sediment and Maltese crosses (seen with lipiduria)
nephrotic syndrome
drowsiness, asterixis, nausea, and pericardial friction rub
uremic syndrome seen in pts with renal failure
55 y/o man dx with prostate ca. Rx options
wait
surgical resection
XRT
and/or androgen suppression
low urine specific gravity in presence of serum osmolality
DI
Treatment of SIADH?
fluid restriction, demeclocycline
hematuria, flank pain, and palpable flank mass
renall cell ca
testicular cancer associated with B-hCG, AFP
choriocarcinoma
most common type of testicular cancer
seminoma
most common histology of bladder cancer
transitional cell