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14 Cards in this Set

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HyperChloremia: Metabolic and Endocrine Causes
Hyperparathyroidism, Renal Tubular Acidosis, Metabolic Acidosis, Hypernatremnia
HyperChloremia: GI Causes
Dehydration, Prolonged Diarreha, Loss of Pancreatic secrtion, Ileal Loops, Uretreal Colonic Anastomosis
HyperChloremia: Medication Causes
Bromides (Nervine, Sominex), Acetazolimide, Boric Acid, Triamterene, Ammonium Chloride, Excess IV Normal Saline
HyperChloremic Metabolic Acidosis
Normal Anion Gap
Causes of Elevated Anion Gap
MUDPILES: Methanol, Uremia, DKA(also starbation), Paraldehyde, Phenformin, Isopropyl Alcohol, Isoniazid, Lactic Acidosis, Ethylene Glycol, Ethyl Alcohol, Rhadomyolysis, Salicylates, Other causes: Hyperalbuminemia, anion adm
Normal Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis with Hypokalemia
Diarrhea, Ureteral Diversion, Renal Tubular Acidosis, Mineral Corticoid Deficiency, Carbonic Anhydrase, Post-Hypocapnia
Normal Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis with Hyperkalemia
Renal Failure (early), Renal Disease, Acidifying Agents, Sulfur Toxicity
Causes of Renin Deficiency associated with Normal Gap Metabolic Acidosis
Aging, Lead Poisoning, Beta Blockers, Prostaglandin Inhibitors, Methyldopa, Extracellular Fluid Expansion
MineralCorticod Deficiencies associated with Normal Gap Metabolic Acidosis
Angiotensin Deficiency assoc w liver failure, ACE Inhibitors, Renin
Types of Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors associated with Normal Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis
Acetazolimide, Mefenamic
Renal Diseases Associated with Hyperkalemic Normal Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis
SLE Interstitial Nephritis, Amyloidosis, Hydronephrosis, Sickle Cell Nephropathy
Acidifying agents: Associated with Hyperkalmic Normal Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis
Ammonium Chloride, Calcium Chloride, Argenine
Urinanalysis with Urine pH <6
suggest GI cause of Metabolic Acidosis
Urinanalysis with Urine pH >6
Suggest Renal Cause of Metabolic Acidosis