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32 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
DANTE ALIGHIERI
Italian poet; Inferno &Divine Comedy
BOCCACIO
Decameron which portrays sensual&worldly society of merchants
BOTTICELLI
Birth of Venus
BRUNELLESCHI
Italian architect; anti-Gothic
MICHAELANGELO
painted Sistene Chapel &sculpted David
CASTIGLIONE
The Courtier; upper class educated man should know many academic subjects
DA VINCI
religious paintings &sculptures; The Last Supper
DE MEDICI
great banking family in Florence; ruled govt.
DE CERVANTES
Spanish; Don Quixote
PICO DELLA MIRANDOLA
On The Dignity of Man; man made in image of God b4 the fall &as Christ after Resurrection
DONATELLO
sculptor; appreciation of incredible variety of human nature; sculpted David
ERASMUS
Praise of Folly; prince of humanists; criticized clergy &church
FUGGER
head of leading banks
GIOTTO
Florentine painter who led way in realism; Father of Renaissance Painting
HUMANISM
studied Latin classics to learn what they revealed about human nature; emphasized human beings &their interests
INDIVIDUALISM
stressed personality, uniqueness, and genius of capabilities &talents
MACHIAVELLI
The Prince; end justifies the means; secular method of ruling a country
MONTAIGNE
created essay; early modern skepticism
MORE
Utopia; new revolutionary view of society; executed for not compromising his religious beliefs
"NEW MONARCHS"
monarchies that took measures to limit power of Roman Catholic Church within their countries; Charles VII; Louis XI
RABELAIS
French satirical author; Gargantua and Pantagruel; more secular; should live by instincts rather than religious rules
"RENAISSANCE MAN"
man that is multitalented &well-educated
SECULARISM
belief in material things instead of religious things
VALLA
father of modern historical criticism; "On Pleasure"
VERNACULAR
everyday language
VIRTU
striving for excellence
BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY
deportation and exile of the Jews of the ancient Kingdom of Judah to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar
HUNDRED YEARS' WAR
btw France &England; caused by Phillip VI of France's seziure of Aquitone; France won; promoted nationalism; responsible for development of representative government in England
BLACK DEATH
outbreak of plague; inflation; priests ministered to sick; labor more expensive which benefited peasants; fleas carried on black rats
AVIGNON PAPACY
centralized its government; popes concentrated on government by many officials; luxury &extravagence
CONCILIAR MOVEMENT
reform of church could best be achieved through periodic assemblies or general councils representing all Christian people; pope derived his authority from all Christian community
GREAT SCHISM
weakened religious faith of Christianity; didnt know which pope was legitimate: Pope Clement or Pope Urban VI; ended by Council of Constance