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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
When did Europe suffer from the Black Death?
1300-1500 (late Middle Ages)
What war lasted from 1337-1453 between England and France?
Hundred Years War
How was the English king connected to France at the start of the Hundred Years' War?
He was a vassal for the French king for the duchy of Aquitaine
Where was the Hundred Years' War fought?
Who was the most famous leader of the battles during the Hundred Years' War?
Joan of Arc
What were some of the effects of the Hundred Years' War?
French farmland devastated
English lost nearly all continental holdings
Population decline
Growth of nationalism
What was the War of the Roses?
civil war in England (1450-1485) nobles in England fighting
Who was Jacques Coeur?
Merchant in France who fostered trade, 1400s
What created a united Spain in the late 1400s?
Marriage of Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon.
How many people died in the Black Death of the 1350s?
25 million (1/3 population of Europe)
In which cities did the Renaissance of Italy start? 1300-1600
Venice, Milan, Florence, Padua, Pisa
Who wrote Divine Comedy, describing a journey through hell, heaven and purgatory?
Dante, 1265-1321
Which writer encouraged the study of ancient Rome and is known for his sonnets?
Petrarch (1304-1374)
What did Boccaccio write?
1313-1375, The Decameron, a collection of short stories to amuse reader
How did Renaissance art differ from medieval art?
Ren. art secular themes, three-dimensional, chiaroscuro, oil paints, linear perspectives
What is chiaroscuro and who used it?
method for applying value to a two-dimensional piece of artwork to create illusion of a three-dimensional solid form, used by Da Vinci, Raphael
What were some of Da Vinci's (1452-1519) pieces?
Mona Lisa
Last Supper
Mechanical designs
Who painted the School of Athens?
What were Michelangelo's famous works?
Sistine Chapel ceiling
How were Ren. scholars different from Medieval ones?
More practical and secular, participate in political life, reject traditional interpretation
What was the Reformation?
Introduced new ideas about God, undermined power of Church
Name two reformers before the Reformation
John Wycliffe and John Hus
What was the system used by the Church to raise money by selling cancellation of penalty of sin?
What were the tenets of the Anabaptists (1500s)?
rejected child baptism
voluntary association of believers with no connection to state
What two religions in US are descendents of the Anabaptists?
What was the central tenet of Calvinism?
How was Reformation different in England than in Europe?
In Europe: people reformers
In England: rulers decisions
Why was Queen Mary I (ruled 1553 to 1558) known as Bloody Mary?
Mass executions of Protestants
What was the Counter Reformation?
A series of reforms within the Catholic church
Who founded the Jesuit order in 1540?
Ignatius of Loyola
What wars were fought from 1560 to 1648 in England and Europe?
Wars of Religion, between Catholics and Protestants
Who received the territories of Charles the V (Holy Roman Emperor) in 1556?
Philip II and Ferdinand
What modern-day countries were in the territory Philip II received from his father in 1556?
Spain, the Netherlands, the New World
What modern-day countries were in the territory Ferdinand received from his brother in 1556?
Austria, Hungary, Bohemia
What was Mary I (r. 1553-1558) known as and why?
Bloody Mary because she killed so many Protestants
Who reigned in England from 1558-1603?
Elizabeth I
What dispute did the Peace of Augsburg (1555) settle?
Catholic and Lutheran, but left out Calvinists
In 1642, who did King Charles declare War against, and what was the war called?
Puritan Revolution, English Civil War, Great Rebellion
Who became the real power in France during the reign of Louis XIII?
Cardinal Richelieu
Name three Portuguese explorers in the 1400 and 1500s.
Prince Henry the Navigator, Bartholomew Dias, Vasco de Gama
Name three Spanish explorers/conquistadors in the 1400 and 1500s.
Christopher Columbus, Ferdinance Magellan, Hernan Cortes, Francisco Pizarro