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64 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
ethics
formal study of morality
morality
informal study
descriptive ethics
describe what people do
normative ethics
decribe what we 'ought to do
meta-ethics
wont look at reason behind normative ethics. "what is good"
4 sources of religious ethics
experience, tradition(hist. of morality), reason(to beleive or not), revelation(direct contact).
etrr
happiness (both kinds)
ephemeral- superficial
genuine-inner peace, can endure ups and downs
inner peace
state of security, not worrying about self.
religion
supernatural and dogma
spirituality
human qualities
compassion
concern for other humans(empathy and reason)
great compassion
universal/unconditional compassion.
ten del
dependent origination
kun long
character
ethical acts
restraining yourself from not barring yourself from other people from happiness
spiritual acts
goes beyond ethical acts
afflictive emotions
threaten our inner peace. fear etc.
sö pa
patience that 1. gives hope, 2., not compound suffering, 3. keep from suffering
natural law
vs. all of us have the ability to tell right from wrong. only one is good.
old law
vs. ten commandments, dont covet neighbor etc, love neigbor + god, keeps us on track.
new law
Based on Jesus teaching. Inspired to do things to follow Jesus.
two basic commandments
vs. Love God + Neighbor
genuine freedom
Based on limits on God's freedom and ability to fulfill. vs.
illusory freedom
Not based on God's truth, based on human or oth than god's truth. vs
intrinsically evil acts
Genocide, murder, abortion, suicide, acts humans should'nt do. vs
original sin
clouds ability to tell who fall, ability to undersatnd and want to be good and get back to god.
grace
gets grace by accepting Jesus. Fulfill theological ethic. Supernatural need Dali llama thinks you can do it on own.
need to cope with original sin. vs
preferential option for the poor
farmer describing dedication to Haitans. Poor need help the most. mbm
mbm
structural violence
liberation theology. benefit a set of society at the expense of another.
mbm
ideology
Beleif system, allows structural voilence to stay in place.
mbm
public health
duty to individual, no one could be turned away, and public health is a birthright.
(3) mbm...
the case of John
boy who they paid money to get to the u.s., he died. reinforce farmer's concept of him treating the poor no matter what. Treated him because it was curable.
mbm
cult of resignation
endure suffering on earth, there's better on other side. dont do anything about suffering
mbm
cost-effectiveness
people in small places living together etc. 80% have TB in prison. and example of structural voilence and their ideologies.
mbm
triage
everyone is to be saved. everyone gets help. gives priorty to medical patients.
mbm
non-compliant patients
not able to get water for meds. etc
mbm
long defeat
being on side of people society has discarded
mbm
legalism
rules and absolutist
se
antinomianism
no rules, can lead to anarchy
se
situationism
doing whatever that seem best for situation.
se
pragmatism
whatever works in a situation
se (4 rules)
relativism
idea that whatever is best is contingent.
se (4 rules).
positivism
what is good and bas is positive.
se (4 rules)
personalism
people at the center of position. who is to be helped.
se. (4 rules)
agape, sophia and kairos
situational strategy
se
agapeic calculus
tries to distribute a great amount of love.
se
justice
love distributing, working itself out
se
indifference
not a feeling, it’s a informed act towards another person. opposite of love, no regard for neighbor. se
extrinsic good
based on acts. determine by whether it helps situation not by act.
se
intrinsic good
only found in love.
se
cheap legalism
hide behind letter of law by doing the barem minimun. Your suppose to go above and beyond.
se
conscience
doing the right thing verb,
se
lie (Bok’s idea)
intentionall deceptive message in form of a statement. does'nt think justice count.
ly
principle of veracity
lying should be last resort. negative wight on lies
ly
epistemological truth
factual truth, claim that we humans think is true. world is round etc
ly
moral truth
accurately describing the truth.
ly
Aquinas’s three kinds of lies
Officious(helpful), Jocose(jokes), Malicious(intended harm)
ly ojm..
“mental reservation”
can be pardonable
ly
white lies
not of great importance. Not meant to hurt anyone.
ly
three harms lies cause
to liar, to deceived, and to society
ly lds..
4 principles for excusing lies
non-maleficence(not trying to harm), beneficence(trying to help them), fairness, veracity-idea of it(lying to protect the truth).
ly....nbfv
3 levels of justification
concience(involves self me myself and i), chosen peers(friends, family, colleagues-like feel same as you), and persons of allegiances(eryone else people who you dont handpick).
ly...ccp
three steps of public justification
was there a truthful alternative, whats the moral reasons(4 principles), can it be applied as publicly accepted practive.
ly...wwc
veritatis Splendor, mountains beyond mountains, situation ethics, lying.
Splendor of truth(pope), tracy kidder(about paul farmer), joe fletcher, sissella bok.