Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/119

Click to flip

119 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Nestrorians
Jesus is human
Monophysites
jesus is divine
Number of books in the new testament
27 books in the new testaments
# of books used by protestants
Protestants used the 39 books
# of books used by catholics
catholics used the 46 books
4 gospels
matthew, mark, luke and john
Chrism
oil
deciple that replaces judas
Matthias
gospel
good news
John 3:16
for god so loved the world that he gave his only son so that those who believd in him would not perish but have eternal life
advent
to come
Epiphany
occurs 12 days after Christmas (magi arrive)
shrove
to be forgiven of sins
Maundy Thursday
last supper
7 sacrements
baptism, confirmation, pennance, eucharist, ordination, mariage and unction (oil)
Byzantium
Constantinople
Lords day
Constantine
Theodosius
Christianity official religion of state
Matthew 16:18
You are peter and on this rock I will built my church
Ba’al-zabul
Means the mighty lord
Ba’al zabub
Means the lord of the flies
Lucifer
Bearer of light
Meimodites
Jews, but wrote in Arabic and discussed a lot of
things with Christian scholars
Layati
emphasis on the people
Asceticism
live the life of denial
Three important vows they (nuns and monks)live by
poverty, chasity and obedience
head of monestary
abbit
Hesychasts
refers to a group of monks who seek inner stillness (meditators)
Doctrine of trinity
states that there is one god, but lives in three persons - God the father, son, holy spirit
filoque clause
phrase in the creed that indicates that you treat father and son in one, reason for split between orthodox/roman split
Nicea 325
creed
Beosthus
consolation of philosophy
hypostasis
when you strip away wording of trinity, what is left?
Thomas Aquinas
produced major worked reffered to Summa
theologiae
Thomas Aquinas: 5 ways to prove god exists
1. god as the unmoved mover
2. god as the first cause
3. god as necessity
4. god as supreme good
5. teleological - god has a plan
Papacy hierarchy
1. Pope
2. Cardinal
3. Bishop
4. Preist
5. Deacon
humanism
Erasmus
Martin Luther
95 theses
Henry the 8th
Built a new church called church of England. Not a pope, but the defender of the faith
D.G. Regina
by the grace of god, the Queen
john calvin
Governing by religion, protestant work ethics
Seven virtues
temperance, justice, wisdom, courage, faith, hope and love (charity)
Phylia
brotherly love
Seven deadly sins
pride, covetiveness, sloth, greed, gluttony, envy, lust
Unitarians
reject doctrine of trinity
Quakers
Friends of Truth
Vatican I
papal infallability
Vatican II
scripture would no longer be done in latin but would be done in vernacular language
Fundamentalism
William and Milton stewart published a booklet called the
fundamentalist in 1910, laid out what they saw what the core elements of Christianity
Ecumenism
efforts to draw separated curches back together
Muslim
one who lives in accordance in peace
Muhammed
one who was expected
Basmalla
invocation, at beginning of every surah except #9, 2x in surah 27
# of chapters in the qur'an
There are 114 chapters (surahs)
verses in arabic
Ayahs
First chapter of Quran is called
Fatihah
1st surah
repeated 17x per day
commentary in Qur'an (like midrash)
tafsir
Five Pillars of Islam
1. shahada (bare witness)
-only one god, muhammad the profet
2. salaat (prayer)
- 5 times per day
3. zakat
- give to poor
4. sawn
- fasting during ramadan
5. Hajj
- pilgrammage to Mecca
prayer is done 5 times a day
Fajr (dawn), zuhr (early noon), asr (late noon), maghrid (dusk), isha (little after dusk)
jew = shofar, christian = bell, muslim =
adhan
wudu
cleanliness
Suhur
meal before fast
Iftar
meal after fast
Month of Ramadan ends with
celebration of Eid al-fitr
Ka’bah
spiritual center of Makkah
Eid al-adha
celebraion at end of Makkah
Khadija
wife of muhammad
Yathrib
Madinah
ansars
people who went to Madinah with Muhammad
muhajiruns
people in Madinah who accepted M. message
Kahn
visionary, prophet of the future
Habi
literal prophet (message, warning from god)
Rasul
messenger of god, wrote book
5 major prophets of power
1. Adam 2.Noah 3. Abraham 4. Jesus 5. Muhammad
Shirk
infer anything that will attribute otherness to God
Iman
faith
Kufr
unfaith
Ibadat
act of worship
Mu’amalaat
interrelation between faith
Ummah
world wide muslim community
Ihsan
doing good/ good works
Khalifah
individual who acts on behalf of another
Khilafah
ability to represent those you represent
Rightly Guided Caliphs
Abu Bakr (default), Umar (appointed), Uthman (elected), Ali (acclaimation)
Shi’a
party of Ali, Ali's line should remain in charge
Ah al-bayt
people associated with Ali
kaysaniyah
Muhammad hanafiyah was the son
of ali, successor
Zaydis
Yemmen, Zaid
Ismailis
the seventh imman
nazaris
leader is called Agha Khan
Imami
Muhamman bin Hasan was the 12th imaan,Muhammad goes to partial occulation
Sunnis
Mu’awayia is the leader after ali
bayt al-hikmah
School of knowledge
alims
scolars who study law
shariah
How do you live within God’s laws
catagories of action
Halal – lawful, legal
Mustahabb – commendable
Mubah – neutral
Makruh – disliked
Haram – illegal
Fiqh
application of law
There are four law schools of islam
Hanafi (logical), Maliki (common good), Shafi (conservative), Hanbali (best scholar)
ilm al-kalam
how do you talk about god?
Mu’tazili
social justice tawhid and adl
Ash’ari
bila kayf - dont ask. its beyond ability to ask or talk about God.
falsafah
talking about creation
Al-Razi
universe evolved – God imposed order
Al-Farabi
he believed that you put ur intellectual and spiritual best as those who run the country
Ibn Sina
God as only necessary being - everything in the created
universe is irrelevant to God.
Al-Ghazzali
criticized philosophers for unbelief (kufr)
Qadariyah
denied divine decree
Jabriyah
divine predetermination
Suhrawardi
illuminationism
Ibn Arabi
wahdat al-wujud – unity of being. that everything relies on everything else.
Kitab-i Aqdas
most holy book (laws)
Kitab-i Iqan
(Book of Certitude) – doctrine
Baha’I community is run by
9 elected representatives for a 5 year term
Baha'i New Year
march 21
Baha'i calandar
19 months of 19 days
Ala
dawn to dusk fasting during last month
Ridvan festival
paradise festival) (April 21 to May 2) –
first, ninth, twelfth
Allahu-‘l Abha
God is glorious or God is to be glorified) – 95
times (5 x 19)