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36 Cards in this Set

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This theorist rooted in worship of spirits and ancestors. Animism “everything is alive”
E.B Tyler
he led an attempt to influence nature a stage between magic and science
James Frazer
This theorist thought of a projection of childhood experiences of fear and insecurity
sigmund freud
He theroized.......a positive outgrowth of psychological needs, providing “zest, safety,
harmony”
william James
grows out of the human need for personal fulfillment or individuation.
Carl Jung
emerges from the experience of reality as a “mystery causing trembling and fascination”
Rudolph Otto
negative on religion. Religion was the opiate of the masses.
Karl Marx
the study of story central to a religion
Mythology
“love of wisdom”; emphasizes using reason to find answers to basic human questions
Philosophy
“study of origins:; explores religion through ancient artifacts and writings
Archeology
architecture, music, art
The Arts
“The study of human beings”
Anthropology
“the study of the soul”
Psychology
“the study of the divine(within one tradition)”
Theology
The devine, or ultimate reality
concepts of the sacred
a. Love, joy, peace, dread, guilt, awe/wonder
b. Reverence, unity, liberation, ecstasy, rebirth.
Characteristic emotional Experiences and Spiritual experiences
Belief system or worldview
Creed
Ethics or standards of conduct
code
all that “cultivates” a tradition: story, song, sign & symbol, site, ceremony, special persons
cult
Group expressions of a tradition
community
What are the three general orientations of religions?
sacramental, prophetic, mystical
emphasizes ritual and ceremony as the path to the sacred.emphasis on cult
sacramental
emphasizes belief and morality ensuring right relationship to the Sacred. Emphasis on creed and code.
prophetic
emphasizes union/oneness with the sacred= union with a reality greater than oneself. Emphasize on characteristic emotions or states of consciousness and the sacred itself
mystical
Everything is alive, has soul/spirit
Animism
many gods
Polytheism
one god
monotheism
all is god
pantheism
all is in god
Panentheism
no god
Atheism
-“god” is of little or no consequence “god is unimportant or worthless
Nontheism
Don’t know or cannot know the existence of God
Agnosticism
The sacred is beyond this world unlimited by the world & ordinary reality
Transcendent
The sacred is within this world immediately present, part of the here & now
Immanent
Reality consists of two principles, spirit & matter or good and evil
Dualism
Reality consists of only one principle
Monism