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105 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which of the following analyzes the similarities and differences between texts, irrespective of their sources?
a. literary-historical method
b. comparative method
c. four-source hypothesis
d. Markan priority
b. comparative method
Luke differs from the other Gospels because _____.
a. it is not a biography
b. it focuses on Peter
c. it has a sequel
d. an angel appears to Joseph
c. it has a sequel
Luke's Gospel begins with _____.
a. Jesus' baptism
b. the Sermon on the Mount
c. a preface
d. an angel appearing to Joseph
c. a preface
Luke's author states that _____.
a. he is an eyewitness to Jesus' ministry
b. he used written sources
c. he used only eyewitness reports
d. he used Q
b. he used written sources.
In the Gospel of Luke, Jesus' birth narrative parallels that of _____.
a. Moses
b. Abraham
c. Samuel
d. Paul
c. Samuel
In Luke, the hometown of Jesus' parents is _____.
a. Bethlehem
b. Nazareth
c. Jerusalem
d. Caesarea
b. Nazareth
Which of the following stories is only found in Luke?
a. the Magi
b. the virgin birth
c. Jesus' birth in Bethlehem
d. Jesus teaching in the Temple when he was twelve years old
d. Jesus teaching in the Temple when he was twelve years old.
In Luke, the resurrected Jesus tells the disciples to _____.
a. remain in Jerusalem
b. hurry to Bethlehem
c. go to Galilee
d. return to the Garden of Gethsemane
a. . remain in Jerusalem.
Luke's genealogy culminates with _____.
a. God
b. Abraham
c. David
d. Moses
a. God
In Luke, Jesus' public ministry begins with _____.
a. the Sermon on the Mount
b. miracle working
c. a sermon in a synagogue
d. cleansing the Jerusalem Temple
c. a sermon in a synagogue.
In Jewish tradition, a prophet was _____.
a. clairvoyant
b. wrong
c. a messenger of God
d. a magician
c. a messenger of God
Jesus knows that as a prophet, all of the following will happen to him except
a. he will suffer
b. he will die
c. he will become the High Priest
d. he will be rejected
c. he will become the High Priest
According to Luke, Jesus' death _____.
a. atones for humanity's sins
b. encourages people to repent
c. serves as a sacrifice
d. is meaningless
b. encourages people to repent.
According to Luke, the most grievous sin is _____.
a. following the Law
b. being Jewish
c. denying the virgin birth
d. killing God's prophet
d. killing God's prophet.
Which of the following is not related to Luke's social interests?
a. the delay of the end of time
b. Luke's attention to women
c. Luke's particular version of the Beatitudes
d. Luke's genealogy
d. Luke's genealogy.
John's Gospel is written _____.
a. anonymously
b. by John, the son of Zebedee
c. by the beloved disciple
d. by Peter
a. anonymously
Scholars refer to the first eighteen verses of the Gospel of John as _____.
a. the beginning
b. the prologue
c. the baptism
d. the signs source
b. the prologue.
Which of the following best describes Jesus in the Gospel of John?
a. He is an apocalyptic prophet who preaches the coming kingdom of God
b. He hides his true identity
c. He is pre-existent and divine
d. He is born in a manger
c. He is pre-existent and divine
In John, Jesus does all of the following to show his divine nature except
a. perform signs
b. give discourses
c. teach in parables
d. affirm his identity
c. teach in parables
Which of the following is not one of the signs Jesus performs in John?
a. turning water to wine
b. feeding the 5,000
c. the exorcism of a demon
d. walking on water
c. the exorcism of a demon
Chapters 13-19, the second part of the Gospel of John, take place over _____.
a. 1 year
b. 2 years
c. 1 day
d. 3 days
c. 1 day.
Which part of the Gospel of John is most like the Synoptic Gospels?
a. Jesus' birth
b. Jesus' parables
c. Jesus' healings
d. Jesus' passion
d. Jesus' passion
In John, the signs are intended to _____.
a. convince people of Jesus' true identity
b. hide Jesus' identity
c. confuse people
d. exorcise demons
a. convince people of Jesus' true identity.
In John, Jesus' teachings focus primarily on _____.
a. miracles
b. the coming kingdom of God
c. his identity
d. Gentiles
c. his identity
Which of the following is not an indication that John used written sources for his Gospel?
a. literary seams
b. repetition
c. differences in writing style
d. 'I am' sayings
d. 'I am' sayings.
Jesus final, lengthy speech in the Gospel of John is known as _____.
a. the Farewell Discourse
b. the Johannine Prologue
c. the Gethsemane Speech
d. the Passion Proclamation
a. the Farewell Discourse
In the Gospel of Judas, Judas plays the role of all of the following except
a. Jesus' betrayer
b. Jesus' disciple
c. Jesus' closest confidant
d. Jesus' enemy
d. Jesus' enemy
In John's Gospel, Jesus is from _____.
a. above
b. the desert
c. Bethlehem
d. Jerusalem
a. above
Which of the following narratives appears only in John's Gospel?
a. the Transfiguration
b. the trial before the Sanhedrin
c. the arrest in the Garden of Gethsemane
d. the raising of Lazarus
d. the raising of Lazarus.
In John's Gospel, Jesus never _____.
a. proclaims the imminent Kingdom of God
b. reveals his true identity
c. stands trial
d. heals anyone
a. proclaims the imminent Kingdom of God.
The book of Acts is probably best understood as _____.
a. a Greco-Roman biography
b. a Greco-Roman novel
c. an ancient history
d. an apocalypse
c. an ancient history
Speeches that are recorded in ancient histories _____.
a. are transcripts of actual speeches given
b. are usually made up
c. tend to be historically reliable in their details
d. are nonexistent
b. are usually made up
Both the Gospel of Luke and Acts highlight the significance of which of the following cities?
a. Nazareth
b. Bethlehem
c. Rome
d. Jerusalem
d. Jerusalem
One similarity between Jesus in the Gospel of Luke and the apostles in Acts is _____.
a. they are all rejected
b. they are all called sons of God
c. they all receive the Holy Spirit at Pentecost
d. they all ascend to heaven
a. they are all rejected
The book of Acts focuses on _____.
a. the preaching of the gospel exclusively to Jews
b. the spread of the gospel to Gentiles
c. the preaching of the gospel only in Jerusalem
d. the actions of all twelve apostles
b. the spread of the gospel to Gentiles.
In the Gospel of Luke and in Acts, the end of the world is expected _____.
a. immediately
b. within the disciples' lifetime
c. never
d. after the gospel has been spread throughout the world
d. after the gospel has been spread throughout the world.
The most significant convert in Acts is _____.
a. Peter
b. Paul
c. Thecla
d. Theophilus
b. paul
Acts ends with _____.
a. Paul preaching in Spain
b. Peter in Jerusalem
c. Paul under arrest
d. Jesus' return
c. Paul under arrest
Which of the following is not a central character in Acts?
a. God/The Holy Spirit
b. Paul
c. Peter
d. Mary Magdalene
d. Mary Magdalene.
The new disciple in Acts is _____.
a. Peter
b. Paul
c. Matthias
d. Luke
c. Matthias
According to Acts, Paul is converted by _____.
a. Jesus
b. Peter
c. Judas
d. The Gospel of Luke
a. Jesus.
According to Luke, _____.
a. God does not recognize a difference between Jews and Gentiles
b. Gentiles must become Jews
c. Gentiles must be circumcised and follow all the dietary laws
d. the Jews always accept the disciples' teachings
a. God does not recognize a difference between Jews and Gentiles.
The first martyr in Christian history is _____.
a. Paul
b. Peter
c. Stephen
d. Matthias
c. Stephen
The final third of Acts focuses on all the following except
a. Paul's trial and arrest
b. Jewish opposition to Paul
c. Peter
d. Paul's apologetic speeches
c. peter
Acts reports that on his journey to Rome, Paul _____.
a. is rescued by Peter
b. meets with Thecla
c. is involved in a shipwreck
d. converts thousands of Jews
c. is involved in a shipwreck.
mong his contemporaries, Paul was _____.
a. loved and highly respected by everyone
b. controversial
c. uniformly hated
d. universally acknowledged as an authority
b. controversial.
Which book of the New Testament has been attributed to Paul even though it does not claim Pauline authorship?
a. Galatians
b. Ephesians
c. Philemon
d. Hebrews
d. Hebrews.
Paul preached that salvation _____.
a. was available only to Jews
b. was available only to Gentiles
c. was equally available to Jews and Gentiles
d. was dependent on following the Law
c. was equally available to Jews and Gentiles.
The term 'pseudepigrapha' means _____.
a. genuine writings
b. writings under a false name
c. false prophecy
d. revelation
b. writings under a false name
Which of the following is not one of the Pastoral Epistles?
a. 1 Timothy
b. 2 Timothy
c. 1 John
d. Titus
c. 1 John.
Which of the following is not one of the Deutero-Pauline epistles?
a. Ephesians
b. 1 Thessalonians
c. Colossians
d. 2 Thessalonians
b. 1 Thessalonians.
Scholars agree that Paul wrote all of the following except
a. Philemon
b. 3 Corinthians
c. Philippians
d. 1 Thessalonians
b. 3 Corinthians.
Acts and Paul's genuine letters differ on all of the following except
a. Paul's itinerary
b. whether Paul went straight to Jerusalem after his conversion
c. whether Paul's mission was primarily to Gentiles
d. whether Paul ministered first to Jews in the synagogues
c. whether Paul's mission was primarily to Gentiles.
Scholars call Paul's letters _____ to indicate that they address specific problems in actual communities.
a. specific
b. occasional
c. particular
d. special
b. occasional
Paul was a _____.
a. Pharisee
b. Sadducee
c. Essene
d. Zealot
a. Pharisee
Paul referred to Jesus as _____.
a. a fraud
b. a charlatan
c. the first-fruit of the resurrection
d. the Word
c. the first-fruit of the resurrection.
Paul believed all of the following about the Law except
a. it puts a person in a right standing before God
b. it shows that everyone is alienated from God
c. it points out human sinfulness
d. it has been misused
a. it puts a person in a right standing before God.
Paul believed that God's first covenant was with _____.
a. Gentiles
b. Jews
c. all people
d. Moses
c. all people
When comparing the Deutero-Pauline and Pastoral epistles with those considered genuinely Pauline, which of following is not evidence against Pauline authorship?
a. differences in genre
b. differences in writing style
c. differences in vocabulary
d. differences in theology
a. differences in genre.
Which of the following does not represent a methodological issue for the study of Paul?
a. the occasional nature of the Pauline letters
b. Paul's dominance in the canon
c. the Pauline traditions in Acts
d. the Pauline pseudepigrapha
b. Paul's dominance in the canon.
Scholars believe that Paul's first letter was _____.
a. Philippians
b. 1 Thessalonians
c. 2 Thessalonians
d. Romans
b. 1 Thessalonians.
Paul's primary reason for writing 1 Thessalonians was
a. to chastise the Thessalonians for ethical misconduct
b. to clarify the meaning of the Eucharist
c. to renew his friendship with the church
d. to praise their missionary efforts
c. to renew his friendship with the church.
Paul's missions were typically located in
a. large urban areas
b. rural villages
c. synagogues
d. outside the Roman Empire
a. large urban areas
When Paul entered a new town, he _____.
a. immediately celebrated Eucharist with the Christian community
b. stood in the streets preaching
c. met with the local church officials
d. opened a business
d. opened a business.
Paul's first task in converting pagans was probably _____.
a. to convince them of his apostolic authority
b. to convince them of the importance of Jesus' death and resurrection
c. to teach them Jesus' parables
d. to convince them that there is only one God
d. to convince them that there is only one God.
It is probable that Paul's converts were _____.
a. all wealthy
b. all poor
c. a mix of social classes
d. Jews
c. a mix of social classes.
Paul's converts most likely met in _____.
a. houses
b. the Temple
c. the synagogue
d. church buildings
a. houses.
The most important issue Paul addresses in 1 Thessalonians is _____.
a. the delay of the end of the age
b. the illegality of Christianity
c. a schism in the community
d. the presence of false prophets
a. the delay of the end of the age.
The Thessalonians were principally concerned because _____.
a. some of them had been taken up in the rapture
b. some of them had died before Jesus' return
c. some of them were acting immorally
d. some of them had left the church
b. some of them had died before Jesus' return.
Paul assured the Thessalonians that _____.
a. they would no longer be persecuted
b. all of Jesus' followers, dead and alive, would be removed before the wrath to come
c. Jesus' followers would become governors in God's earthly kingdom
d. they were right to reject false prophets
b. all of Jesus' followers, dead and alive, would be removed before the wrath to come.
Paul thought that _____.
a. he and the Thessalonians would die before the end comes
b. he and some the Thessalonians would be alive when the end came
c. the end had already come
d. the end would not come
b. he and some the Thessalonians would be alive when the end came.
When Paul ministered to the Gentiles, he appears to have taught them all of the following except
a. the imminence of the end of the world
b. Jesus is the special Son of God
c. to turn away from idols
d. that all male converts should be circumcised
d. that all male converts should be circumcised.
Which aspect of early Christian communities likely encouraged charges of perversion against them?
a. their belief in the resurrection
b. their belief in the imminent end of the age
c. their closed, private meetings
d. their letter-writing activity
c. their closed, private meetings.
Who seems to have made up the majority of Paul's community at Thessalonica?
a. former pagans
b. former Jews
c. former Cynic philosophers
d. Samaritans
a. former pagans.
Communal cohesion among early Christian communities was fostered by all of the following except
a. common beliefs and rules
b. shared experience of persecution
c. exclusive insider information
d. church buildings
d. church buildings.
Which of the following books is not pseudonymous?
a. 2 Thessalonians
b. 1 Corinthians
c. Titus
d. 1 Timothy
b. 1 Corinthians
Which of the following is not one of the Pastoral Epistles?
a. 2 Thessalonians
b. 1 Timothy
c. Titus
d. 2 Timothy
a. 2 Thessalonians
Which of the following is pseudonymous?
a. 1 Corinthians
b. 2 Corinthians
c. 3 Corinthians
d. 1 Thessalonians
c. 3 Corinthians
All of the following were reasons for writing pseudonymously except
a. for profit
b. as an act of humility
c. to gain authority for the work
d. to become famous
d. to become famous
One reason scholars doubt the authenticity of the authorship claim of 2 Thessalonians is _____.
a. it claims to have been written by Paul
b. it talks about the Timothy
c. it teaches the end will not come immediately
d. the author claims to have worked in Thessalonica
c. it teaches the end will not come immediately.
Colossians appears to oppose _____.
a. Paul
b. Jewish mysticism
c. Gentiles
d. marriage
b. Jewish mysticism.
Scholars question the authorship of Colossians because _____.
a. the writing style is poor
b. the author thinks that Christians already participate in Christ's resurrection
c. the letter claims to have been co-written by Timothy
d. early Christians did not think Colossians was Pauline
Scholars question the authorship of Colossians because _____.
a. the writing style is poor
b. the author thinks that Christians already participate in Christ's resurrection
c. the letter claims to have been co-written by Timothy
d. early Christians did not think Colossians was Pauline
The opponents in 1 Timothy appear to resemble _____.
a. Montanists
b. Marcionites
c. Gnostics
d. Ebionites
c. Gnostics
One of the central concerns in the Pastoral Epistles is _____.
a. administration of the church
b. explaining the delay of the Parousia
c. establishing Paul's authority
d. establishing Timothy's authority
a. administration of the church
Scholars believe Paul did not write the Pastoral Epistles for all of the following reasons except
a. the Pastoral Epistles were written by the same person
b. the Pastoral Epistles use non-Pauline vocabulary
c. Paul and the Pastorals assign different meanings to certain words
d. the Pastoral Epistles address Gnosticism
a. the Pastoral Epistles were written by the same person.
In the churches that Paul founded, all of the following were true except
a. there was no elder or overseer
b. they believed everyone had received gifts from God's Spirit
c. there was one man who was in charge
d. when there was a problem they wrote to Paul for advice
c. there was one man who was in charge.
The author of the Pastorals writes against all of the following except
a. celibacy
b. marriage
c. women's leadership
d. myths and genealogies
b. marriage
The author of which early Christian forgery was reportedly caught in the act?
a. 2 Thessalonians
b. Titus
c. 3 Corinthians
d. The Gospel of Thomas
a. 2 Thessalonians
The Pastoral epistles were most likely written _____.
a. during Paul's lifetime
b. around the time of the Gospel of Mark
c. around the beginning of the second century
d. in the late third century
a. during Paul's lifetime
Ephesians and Colossians use which term in very different ways?
a. resurrection
b. works
c. cross
d. forgery
b. works
During Jesus' ministry, women seem to have done all the following except
a. anoint him with oil
b. provide him with financial support
c. participate in the Last Supper
d. travel with him from Galilee to Jerusalem
b. provide him with financial support.
Jesus' associations with women are characterized as all of the following except
a. typical for Judaism at the time
b. multiply attested
c. a regular element of his ministry
d. contextually credible
a. typical for Judaism at the time.
The Gospels report all of the following about Mary Magdalene except
a. she was a prostitute
b. she experienced an exorcism
c. she was one of the women who visited the empty tomb
d. she traveled with Jesus and his disciples around Galilee
a. she was a prostitute
In Paul's letter to Rome, he calls Phoebe _____.
a. foremost among the apostles
b. a deacon
c. a bishop
d. an elder
b. a deacon.
According to Paul, Prisca _____.
a. contributed significantly to the Gentile mission
b. was one of the prominent disciples of Jesus
c. was martyred for the Christian faith
d. remained unmarried like Paul
a. contributed significantly to the Gentile mission.
Paul seems to have believed that _____.
a. there is sexual equality in this world
b. women should act like men
c. sexual equality was not yet a social reality
d. men should urge women to preach
c. sexual equality was not yet a social reality.
Paul suggests that women should _____.
a. remain behind the scenes
b. wear head coverings when they pray or prophesize
c. avoid prophecy
d. leave their husbands
b. wear head coverings when they pray or prophesize.
The early Christian movement _____.
a. was made up largely of men
b. was made up largely of women
c. was a public group
d. was non-apocalyptic
b. was made up largely of women.
In antiquity, men were believed to be _____.
a. more fully developed than women
b. the same as women
c. irrational
d. weaker than women
a. more fully developed than women.
In antiquity, women exercised authority primarily in _____.
a. the Temple
b. the workplace
c. the court of law
d. the home
d. the home
All of the following texts seem to have allowed women to hold significant positions except
a. Titus
b. Romans
c. Acts
d. Philippians
a. Titus.
The author of 1Timothy requires that all male leaders (bishops, deacons, and elders) be _____.
a. celibate
b. married
c. submissive to their wives in the household
d. model their personal lives after Paul's
b. married
1 Timothy recommends all of the following for women except
a. they should procreate with their husbands
b. they should avoid teaching in their congregations
c. they should avoid marriage
d. they should avoid telling old wives' tales
c. they should avoid marriage.
The Acts of Thecla serves as stark contrast to which of the following?
a. the Pastoral epistles
b. Paul's letter to the Romans
c. Jesus' associations with women
d. Stoic philosophy
a. the Pastoral epistles.
Which of the following did not seem to contribute to diminished roles for women in the early church?
a. the increasingly public presence of the church
b. Jesus' experience with women
c. ancient ideologies of gender
d. the decline in apocalyptic fervor
b. Jesus' experience with women