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15 Cards in this Set

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Animism
Religious or spiritual idea that souls or spirits exist not only in humans but also in animals, plants, rocks, natural phenomena such as thunder, geographic features such as mountains or rivers, or other entities of the natural environment.
Cargo cults
Type of religious practice that has appeared in many traditional tribal societies in the wake of interaction with technologically advanced cultures. The cults are focused on obtaining the material wealth (the "cargo") of the advanced culture through magic and religious rituals and practices, believing that the wealth was intended for them by their deities and ancestors
Communal religions
A communal religion is a religion that requires a group of people to practice it. Most religions, by definition, are communal, since solitary practitioners would then be classified as hermits, mystics, or spiritualists
Communitas
Unstructured community in which people are equal, or to the very spirit of community
Leveling mechanism
A social or economic practice that serves to lessen differentials in wealth
Liminality
Psychological, neurological, or metaphysical subjective, conscious state of being on the "threshold" of or between two different existential planes
Magic
Supernatural techniques intended to accomplish specific aims
Mana
A sacred impersonal force existing in the universe; can reside in people, animals, plants, and objects
Monotheism
Only one god
Polytheism
More than one god
Olympian religions
Polytheistic, include powerful anthropomorphic gods with specialized functions
Religion
Belief adn ritual concerned with supernatural beings, powers, and forces
Revitalization movements
Deliberate, organized, conscious effort by members of a group to create a new culture
Rituals
Formal--stylized, repetitive, and stereotyped. Include sequences of words and actions invented prior to the current performance of the ritual in which they occur
Shaman
A practicer of the range of beliefs and practices regarding communication with the spiritual world