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76 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The word "clergy' refers to lay people in the church.
- false
The Second Vatican Council changed the core beliefs of the Church.
- false
The first books of the New Testament to be written were the gospels. (Thesssalonians)
- false
The first Church council decided that converts to Christianity did not first have to become Jews.
- true
The basic truths of the gospel never change.
- true
The first Church council decided that converts to Christianity did not first have to become Jews.
- true
The division of the Christian Church into East and West is called the Protestant Reformation .
- false
Pentecost is usually considered the birthday of the Church.
- true
The first pope was St. Paul. (Peter)
- false
In the Middle Ages, churches and their furnishings were often works of art.
- true
St. Paul
- Apostle to the Gentiles
St. Peter
- First Bishop of Rome
- Emperor who burned Rome and outlawed Christianity in 64 A.D.
Constantine (Mother is St. Helena)
- issued the Edict of Milan, making Christianity legal (313 A.D.)
- First emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
St. Benedict
- Founded a monastery at Monte Cassino
St. Perpetua
- Female martyr in the early Church
Apostles' Creed
- Summary of what the apostles taught
Nicene Creed
- Creed ratified by the Council of Constantinople to help fight heresy ( written 325 A.D. at Nicena)
- Heresy that denies the humanity of Jesus
- Heresy that says sins committed after Baptism are not forgiven.
St. Thomas Aquinas
- Wrote an encyclopedia on the Catholic faith ( Summa Theological)
St. Francis of Assisi
- Founded the Franciscans (Mendicant: Beggar Order)
Martin Luther
- Started the Lutheran Church
Henry VIII
- Started the Church of England
- Pope who called the Second Vatican Council
St. Catherine
- Convinced the pope to return to Rome
St. Ignatius
- Founded the Jesuits (Society of Jesus)
Archbishop Romero
Modern day martyr (murdered in El Salvador)
Dorothy Day
- Twentieth century lay woman who helped the poor and worked for justice
During the Middle Age, many of the great __________ of Europe were built as monuments of faith to honor Jesus.
- Cathedrals
__________ promotes cooperation and sharing among Christian Churches
- Ecumenism
The Acts of the Apostles show us that the early Church had the special help of ______________, who enabled many disciples to perform miracles.
- the Holy Spirit
A __________ contains questions and answers on important truths of the faith.
- Catechism
The Church is a community of people who all share faith and ____________ with Jesus.
- friendship
One of the most famous theologians from the fourth and fifth centuries was ____________, who was converted as a result of the prayers of his mother, St. Monica
- St. Augustine
The three main branches of the Christian faith are Catholic, _____________, and Protestant.
- Orthodox
During the monastic movement, monasteries became little centers of _____________.
- civilization worship
Wars waged by Christians to regain the Holy Land from the Muslims were called ___________.
- crusades
The ___________ was a time of great creativity, especially in the arts.
- Renaissance
How has the role of lay people in the Church changed since Vatican II?
- More laity have taken an active role in Church leadership and ministry
Why is it important to study history?
- so we do not repeat it
- history repeats itself
How has the Mass changed since Vatican II?
1. its said in language of the people
2. you can receive communion in your hands
3. people participate fully in the Mass
What happened on Pentecost, fifty days after Jesus rose from the dead?
- The Holy Spirit came to the apostles.
- Tongues of fire give them courage to go out & preach.
- Given different languages to speak.
- Birthday of the Church
- 3,000 baptized
- one of twelve men chosed by Jesus, Himself, to spread the good News of God's Kingdom
- any follower of Jesus, and He relies on these people to spread the good news
- false teachings about our faith
- dried skins of sheep or other animals used as replacement for papyrus when it becomes scarce
mendicant order
- "beggar" order
- take a vow of poverty
Papal Infallibility
- "incapable of error"
- the Pope and the Bishops cannot be wrong when speaking about Church Doctrine or Morality, mainly related to the Pope
- Latin word for creed.
- means "I believe."
- cooperation and sharing between and among Christian Churches; Pope John Paul II extended that to all religions
- a holy war
- comes from the Latin word crux meaning "cross"
- Pope Urban II called the First Crusade in 1095 C.E.
- God becoming mana in the person or form of Jesus
What was the importance of the Council of Jerusalem in 49 C.E.?
- it established a process that the Church has followed ever since to decide is problems of doctrine
- formation of these Councils is one of the reasons the Church has been able to maintain its unity & preserve Jesus' teachings
- states that Gentiles did not have to convert over to Judaism before becoming Christian
Mohammed was the founder of ___________. Islam means ______________.
- Islam

- "Submission to God"
The four Councils held in the Age of Councils are:
1. Council of Constantinople- 381 C.E.
2. Council of Ephesus - 431 C. E
3. Council of Chalcedon - 451 C. E
4. Council of Nicea - 325 A.D
Council of Constantinople
________ C.E
This council accepts the _____________ as the official statement of beliefs for our ___________.
- 381 C.E
- Nicene Creed
- Church
Council of Ephesus
_______ C.E
This council __________ two ________, clarified that ________ is truly God (divine) and truly _______, and that _______ is truly the mother of Jesus.
- 431
- disputed, heresies
- Jesus
- man
- Mary
Council of Chalcedon
_______ C.E
Bishops summarize and clarify previous ________ by stating that Jesus is fully __________ and fully ___________
- 451
- councils
- human
- divine
Council of Nicea
_______ A.D
This council was called by ________. Wrote the ____________. Established _________ would be used for all ________ and set the date of __________.
***this is the only council NOT called by the Pope
- 325
- Constantine
- Nicene Creed
- Latin
- Masses
- Easter
- first emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
- crowned on Christmas Day in 800 C.E. by Pope Leo III
- goal never achieved was to have a unified Empire under one religion and faith
- issued the Edict of Milan
- made Christianity legal in 313 C.E
- his mother was St. Helena
- believed that the God of the Christians had helped him become Emperor of Rome
Thomas Aquinas
- wrote an encyclopedia on the Catholic faith called "Summa Theologica"
- was the Dominican Order (Dominican Priest)
- was a favorite of Pope John Paul II
St. Monica
- mother of St. Augustine
- prayed for his conversion
St. Augustine
- converted at age of 33 as a result of the prayers of his mother, St. Monica
- led an immoral life
- one of the most famous theologians from the 4th & 5th centuries
- a favorite of Pope Benedict XVI
- outlawed Christianity in 64 A.D
- responsible for deaths of Peter and Paul
The Great Schism
- took place in 1054 C.E and was the split between the Church in the East and West .
- split occurred for both political and religious reasons
The Council of Trent was important because...
- it made sure bishops and priests were well educated, virtuous people who dedicated themselves to God
- effects lasted for 400 years, took place in three sessions starting in 1545 and ending in 1563
- Written catechism/provided clarity and direction to the faithful
Secular Humanists taught that ________ and _________ instead of faith and religion was the way to __________
- science
- religion
- salvation
Vatican II took place in _____ sessions on ___________ and ending on ___________.
- 4
- October 11, 1962
- December 8, 1965
The three Considerations of the Eucharist are:
1. Thanksgiving & praise to the Father
2. Sacrificial memorial of Christ and His Body
3. Presence of Christ by the power of His Word & His Eucharist
Name the Holy Days of Obligation and their dates.
1) Solemnity of Mary- Jan. 1st
2) Ascension Thursday - 40 days after Easter
3) Feast of the Assumption
4) All Saint's Day - Nov. 1st
5) Immaculate Conception - Dec. 8th
6) Christmas - Dec. 25th
List any five changes from Vatican II
1) The Mass was said in the language of the people
2) All people may receive communion in their hands
3) People participate fully in Mass (singing, reading, responding)
4) All people say responses
5) Priests face the people and altar has been moved forward
6) People are to fast one hour before communion
List one change brought about in each of these areas by Vatican II
- Scripture
- Sacrament & Liturgy
Scripture - words of the Bible have become more clear
Sacraments/ Liturgy - were renewed to fit their original meaning/purpose in today's world

- Leadership & Responsibility
- Ecumenism
Leadership/Responsibility- renewed the understanding that spreading the gospel message is the responsibility of all who are baptized in the Church (laity and clergy)
Ecumenism- summoned the Church to focus on what we have in common with other Christian religions rather than on differences