Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/83

Click to flip

83 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
that os some one who participates in a particular religious tradition
Insider's View
Does not presuppose any kind of religious commitment, although it does presuppose a commitment to the standards of the academy
Outisder's view
second order
Meta
the activitiy of offering a defense of ones religion
apologetics
According to Yearly, this is a new religious virtue appropiate for the study of religion in our age of religious pluralism that involves both joy at discovering a new spiritual view that attracts you and addresses that you cant fully adopt such a view
spiritual regret
list a set of family traits found in many members of the "family" religion
cluster definitions
that quality or qualities that make something what it is and not something else
essence
Latin word for religion that means either taking care in practicing rites like sacrifice or being under an obligation to practice rights. Combining both means, we get "the obligation to practice rites carefully"
Religio
The development of spirituality is the goal of many religions, but it is not necessary to belong to a relgious organization in order to puruse spiritual development
Spirituality
VS
Religion
Both are different types of essential definitions. The first focuses on the "what" or content of religion, the second focuses on what religion does, that is, how it functions.
Substance
VS
Functional Definitions
Nondualistic interpretation of the books at the end of the Vedas called the Upanishads. Shankara was a leading exponent of this philosophy/theology.
Advaita Vedanta
Primordial fire of creation. also a god
Agni
Nonviolence or noninjury
Ahisma
Usually translated as Self or Soul if referring to the universal self or as self (soul) if referring to the individual
Atman
Religious groups consisting primarily of people who temporarily assemble to hear teachings
audience cults
Incarnations or appearances of the divine in material forms
Avatara
Ignorance
Avidya
The song of God, known in India as Gita. It is about Krishna's advice to Arjuna on how to avoid karma. Part of the epic poem Mahabbarata
Bhagavad Gita
The creator god
Brahma
Usually used to refer to absolute or ultimate reality
Brahman
A priest of priestly class
Brahmin
A grouping of people according to birth. Castes usually have no social mobility.
Caste
Literally, "wheel" In tantric Buddhism, refers to centers of energy within the human body.
Chakra
In classical India, a grouping of people according to occupation
Class
Four main Groups of class' in India
1. Brahmins
2. Kshatriyas
3. Vishyas
4. Shudras
warriors or kings
Kshatriyas
Merchants
Vaishyas
Laborers
Shudras
Groups of people who go to religious practitioners for various specific services such as therapy or spiritual adivice
Client cults
Can mean law, teaching, and duty. Some times translated as "religion"
Dharma
A warrior goddess
Durga
Student, householder, forest recluse or hermit, wandering ascetic. These four stages present an ideal picture of human spiritual development
Four Stages of Life(Ashramas)
The elephant headed god
Ganesha
The monkey god
Hanuman
A religious teacher often thought to be a representative if not a manifestation of the divine or, at least, a perfected soul
Guru
In general, means knowledge and is usually contrasted with ignorance (avidya). Hence it is one important key to liberation (moksha)
Jnana
Known as the Black goddess and usually identified with Durga. She has both fierce and gentle aspects
Kali
Means action or the law of action, viz., that every act produces a result. Usually tied to the idea of reincarnationor rebirth. The __ accumulated in this life determines one's birth in the next life
Karma
Incarnation of the god Vishnu
Krishna
A latent power to be awakened in the practice of kundaliniyoga
Kundalini
A law book attributed to the ancestor of the human reace, Manu, detailing the rules and duties for each varna, or class
Laws of Manu (Manu Dharma Shastra)
Sacred sounds recited in worship and meditation. The most famous mantra is "OM"
Mantra
Release or liberation from suffering, ignorance, and the seemingly endless round of reincarnation, or samsara
Moksha
A systemt of channels connecting the various chakras through which kundalini is to travel
Nadi
Literally, "correct" or "right" teaching in contrast to "other than correct" teaching. In Hinduism, orthodoxy is determined by acknowledging the authority of the Vedas
Orthodox/Heterodox
Alleged author of the Yoga Sutra, which is a manual for yogic instruction
Patanjali
Service or worship by personally attending the image of god or godess
Puja
Usually translated as "consciousness" and "material nature" respectively. These concepts play a major role in Sankhya philosophy whose goal is to help people recognize the radical differences between spirit and matter
Purusha/prakriti
A rival of Shankara's interpretation of the Upanishads taught by Ramanuja. It calims that while individual souls and the material universe are attributes or qualities of the single substance Brahman, they are not identical to it
Qualified Nondualism
An incarnation of the divine whose exploits are recounted in the epic Ramayana
Rama
The great demon of the Ramayana who kidnaps Sita and is killed by Rama
Ravana
A visionary or seer who "saw' or "hear" the truths recorded in the Vedas
rISHI
A word used for the world of change and rebirth
Samsara
A word used by Ghandi to refer to our obligation to increase the welfare of all people
Sarvodaya
Ghandi's principle of holding to the truth
Satyagraba
Derived from Shakti meaning creative energy or pwer and a general designation for the goddess
Shakta
Devotees of the God Shiva
Shaivas
The divine power of destruction that makes for a new life
Shiva
Literaly that which is heard. Sometimes translated as "revalation" and used to refer to Vedas
Shruti
The wife of Rama who is presented as the ideal wife in the Ramayana and must be rescued by Rama from the demon Ravana
Sita
Usually translated as "tradition" or "memory". It refers to all religiously authoritative writings that are not shruti such as Laws of Manu
Smiriti
A god and a drink (probably hallucinagenic ) used in Vedic times
Soma
A group of writings setting forth the ideas of Tantrism, a religious movement critical of the priestly dominated traditions
Tantras
The name for the three forms of the divine"
Trimurti
1. Brahma
2. Vishnu
3. Shiva
the preserver
Vishnu
the destroyer/renewer
Shiva
the creator
Brahma
A collection of writings at the end of the Vedas recording philosophical ideas about the nature of the divine, human beings, and immortality.
Upanishads
A collection of writings considered Shruti, consisting of hyms, sacrificial texts, and philosohpical texts
Vedas
knowledge
Vidya
A hindu god who sustains the universe and appears as an avatar (incarnation) such as Rama
Vishnu
Usually used to refer to a spiritual discipline leading to moksha such as bhaktiyoga, jnanayoga, karmayoga, and the like
Yoga
god of the dead
Yama
storm god
Indra
god of wind
Rudra
god of dawn
Ushas
god of justice
Varuna
"illusion" the world that we perceive is an illusionary world-it does not really exist
Maya
yoga of knowledge-need to learn vedas -leave family around age 8
Jnana yoga
being able to do actions that dont generate from your ego- ex-Ghandi
Karma Yoga
yoga of devotion
Bhakti yoga
Asanas- reflect the movement and positions of the universe (Brahman)
Hatha
royal yoga-yoga of meditation- Budda deppest state of meditation-transe-you no longer have the conscious of yourself
Raja yoga