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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Theodicies

1
-provide explanations for the prescence of evil, suffering, and death
Vedas

2
-ancient scriptures reveered by Hindus
Moksha

3
-in Hinduism, involves breaking the chain of rebirths. This involves the wheel of Karma/Samsara.

-also involves liberating the soul from illusion and suffering
Karma

4
-is the law of energy; the law of cause and effect.

Karma involves the wheel of karma and includes thoughts, words, and deeds.
Dharma

5
-In Hinduism, it means moral order, rightousness, and religion. In Buddhism, it means the correct conduct for each person according to his or her level of awareness. The teachings of the Buddha.
Ren

6
-Confucianism belief that human heartedness is the highest virtue, the ultimate goal of education.
Cosmos

7
-the universe
Sangha

8
-in Theravada Buddhism, Sangha is the monastic community, In Mahayana Buddhism, Sangha is the spiritual community that follows the Dharma.
Eightfold Path (VISA)

(first four)

9
having the

1. right views
2. right intentions
3. the right speech
4.the right actions (5 precepts)
Eightfold Path (LEMC)

(last four)

10
5. the right livelihood
6. the right effort-emphasis on will and exertion.
7. right mindfulness-importance of the mind and influence
8. the right concentration-use of techniques like raja yoga
Eightfold Path (VISALEMC)

11
1. right views
2. right intentions
3. right speech
4. right actions
5. right livelihood
6. right effort
7. right mindfulness
8l right concentration
Five Precepts (KSLUI)

12
1. do not kill
2. do not steal
3. do not lie
4. do not be unchaste
5. do not drink intoxicants
Bhakti Yoga

13
-in Hinduism, the path of devotion
Jhana Yoga

14
-the use of intellectual effort as a yogic technique
Karma Yoga

15
-the path of unselfish service in Hinduism
Bodhisattva

16
-in Mahayana Buddhism, one who has attained enlightenment but renounces nirvana for the sake of helping all sentiment beings in their journey to liberation from suffering
Escathology

17
-beliefs about the end of the world and of humanity
Four Noble Truths (about suffering)

18
1. Life inevitably involves suffering

2. Suffering originates in our desires

3. Suffering will cease if all desires cease.

4. The way to realize this state is through the Eightfold Path.
Israel

19
-God's promised land to the Jewish people.
Sabbath

20
-day of the week set aside for rest and worhsip in Judaism and Christianity
Krishna's attributes

21
-intense love and compassion for humanity
Messiah

22
-the anointed, the expected king and deliverer of the Jews

Christians call Jesus the messiah
Moksha

23
-in Hinduism, liberation of the soul from illusion and suffering
Monotheism

24
-believing in a single God
Mythologies

25
-stories expressing ideas about reality or spirtual history
Nirvana

26
-in Buddhism, the ultimate egoless state of bliss
Shepherd

27
-term reserved for God by Jews and Jesus for Christians
Scientific Method

28
-a method based on observable, empirical, measurable evidence, and is subject to the laws of reasoning
Supreme Being

29
-God or a God
Syncretism

30
-a form of religion in which otherwise differing traditions are blended
The Buddha

31
-taught that in understanding how we create suffering for ourselves, we can become free. The Buddha is said to have overcome hate, greed, and ignorance to achieve complete liberation from suffering.
Three Jewels

32
-refers to the Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha in Buddhism.
Torah

33
-the whole body of Jewish teachings and law. Also known as the Pentateuch.
Theocracy

34
-a form of government in which the divine power governs an earthly state in person or through religious representatives.

Israel had this type of social organizaiton.
Universalism

35
-making religions universally acceptable to all.
World Construction

36
-the ability of religion to both grow out of and influence social life.
Sacred Space

37
-a certain location such as a temple, cathedral, or cemetery, that gives a person an encounter with the sacred
Belief Systems

38
-beliefs about the world and what should be considered sacred or held in awe.
Canon

39
-writings, such as the Bible, that are declared authoritive for a given tradition.
Dualistic Theodicies

40
-connote a struggle between the powers of light(good) and those of darkness(evil). Suffering is caused by evil forces as part of an ongoing battle for control of the universe.
Religious Traditions

41
-are constituted out of particular socioeconomic situations and change over time.

-RT's are a systematic set of beliefs acted upon and sustained by rituals and institutions
Religion

42
-is the goal of tying people to something beyond the surface of life, a greater reality which lies beyond, or invisibly infuses, the world we can percieve with our 5 senses.
Sacred Canopy

43
-a sheltering fabric of security and answers for both the profound and mundane questions of life.

Sacred Canopy results in religious and cultural traditions.
Reincarnation

44
-the belief that the soul leaves the dead body and enters a new body. One takes birth again and again and again in countless bodies, but the self remains the same.
Rabbi

45
-a Jewish teacher and spiritual leader of a Jewish congregation
Rabbi Hillel

46
-Rabbi who decided to apply Biblilcal teachings to contemporary life.

-Lived from 30 B.C.E. to 10
CE.

-Stressed loving relationships, good deeds, and charity towards the poor.
Ethos (TILC)

47
-defines taboo lines between acceptable and inappropriate behavior, defines identities, legitimizes social orders, and criticizes social orders.

-Provide Guidelines for everyday life. Constructed by religious traditions.
Modernism

48
-Scientific critique of beliefs, scriptures, and institutions.
Multiculturalism

49
-competing views of the world.

-Modernism and Multiculturalism are part of the two fold challenge to religion
Global Village

50
-all people living in the same space creates a vast multicultural experience and causes Fundamentalism and Traditionalism.
Civil Religion

51
-a nationalistic perspective that uses religious symbols and imagery to promote or sustain a nation state
Rituals are a

52
-regularly repeated, traditional, and carefully preserved set of behaviors that symbolize a value or belief.
Rituals provide (SRDIR)

53
-solutions to problems, are rooted in experience to appear empirically verifiable, demarcate social boundaries, identify evil, and reinforce social processes.
Sacred

54
-religious things that are of ultimate concern, set apart, and/or forbidden
Profane

55
-things that are ordinary and mundane. Profanity infolves using something extraordinary in an ordinary way.
Cosmogenies

56
-a set of theories about how and why the world was created. the more localized the cosmogeny of a religion, the less relevant it will seem in the world system.
Decalogue

57
-the ten commandments given to Moses at Mount Sinai
Elective Affinities (ideas and interests)

58
-metaphor describing the relationship between ideas and interests in a social group.
Homogenous

59
-generally refers to a community that shares the same beliefs
Globalization (ESCP)

60
-term used for the increasing series of economic, social, technological, cultural, and political changes occuring across the globe and the increasing interaction between the people of the world.
Externalization

61
-ongoing physical and mental outpouring of humans into the world around them which create material and cultural objects
Evil

62
-forces of darkness
Historical Criticism

63
-analyzing religous scriptures objectively as a literary collection written with certain historical and cultural contexts.
Communal Cults

64
-are not led by specialists but meet the needs of a particular community such as those found in a family, kinship, or locality.
Compassion

65
-is a sense of shared suffering, most often combined with a desire to alleviate or reduce such suffering; to show special kindness to those who suffer.