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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Walls were built on the river bank to protect the Roman Empire from whom?
Barbarians
Gaul is now known by what name?
France
Gaul was conquered by what people?
Franks
Spain was invaded by whom?
Visigoths
Italy?
Ostrogoths
Brittany?
Anglo-Saxons
North Africa?
Vandals
What group threatened the East in the 7th and 8th centuries?
Muslim armies of Arabia
The Muslims were the followers of whom?
Muhammad
What name did they call the one true God?
Allah
The armies of Islam conquered that area?
Middle East, all of North Africa, and most of Spain
What major Christian cities fell to them?
Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem
What religious communities began to form?
monasteries
How did the monasteries help the Church?
Monks became good evangelizers and spread the good news; Also had daily contact with the Barbarians
What does the word “monastery” mean?
Living alone, away from the world
When did the 1st one begin?
Around 271
What is the “Rule of Benedict”?
-Rules what was going to happen
-Live your life in work and prayer
Define “evangelization”
Spreading of the gospel
France?
Cletilde
Spain?
----
Ireland?
Patrick, Columbia
England?
Augustine
Germany and Scandinavia?
Boniface, Wynfrid, Willibrod, Ansgar
Eastern Europe?
Stephen
By what year was most of Europe Christian?
1300
In what language was the Mass celebrated?
Latin
Define “vernacular”
Language of the people/country
Pepin
King of the Franks in France (western Europe). Interested in moving his kingdom towards the East (a.k.a. taking over more land) Becomes good friends w/ Pope Steven I. Both decide to set up an alliance. Able to “squeeze” out some of the Barbarians. More people were converted
Pope Stephen II
Lombards threatened to take over Rome and he turned to the franks for help. He met King Pepin on Frankish territory and the king agreed to give the pope control over a huge section of central Italy.
Pope Leo III
Crowned Charlemagne
Gregory
took task to care for the poor and put him in charge to be political leaded in the Papal states
Lombards
Wanted to take over land; lost
Charlemagne
“Charles the Great” the son of Pepin and now king
Define “schism”
Tragic split
The Schism of 1054 was between whom?
East and the West Churches
What is the Western Church called?
The Catholic Church
Eastern?
Eastern Orthodox Church
What were the causes of Schism of 1054?
-When Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne as King
-When the Western Church added the phrase… “…declaring that the Holy Spirit proceeds from both the Father and the Son
-stupid
What do the Western and Eastern churches agree on?
Basic creed, moral code, liturgical tradition, and sacramental practices
Antony
began the first monastery