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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Strangeness of Biblical test
cultural: language, gender patterns, politics, law, geographical
evidence is limited
Ways in which we familiarize Biblical tet
archaeology
philology
history
anthropology
literary
religion/theology/ethics
feminism
3 dimensions of the Bible
text-literary
reader-moral,theological
world-impact,history
hermeneutics
process of interpreting text
hermeneutic spiral
reading text with affect from outside influence
Lymn White
1967-argued that primary cause for modern environmentalism was way people read Genesis 1:28
anthromorphic
in the shape of human beings
ethiology
legend/story that explains origin of some feature
-God removes legs from serpent
Vulgate
1515 Erasmus prints 1st book form of Greek New Testament
source theory
Bible is mad eup of different sources
pentateuch
"five scrolls" 1st 5 books in hebrew bible
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy
4 types of test
J= Yahwist
E= Elohist
P= Priestly
D= Deuteronomist
canonical
community selects particularly important documents
apocrypha
excleuded by Jews of basis of language
Pseudepigrahpa
Time of old testement "false writings" not considered part of text
Dead Sea Scrolls
1940s Bedouin Shepherds near Palestine found remains of ancient documents
Gnosticism
"knowledge"
-widespread movement that argued that Jesus left oral teach to select apostles
-believed that the spiritual was good and physical was evil
-believed in Jesus as a spirit rather than flesh
Nag Hammadi
Gnostic text
Napishtun
Hero of Gilgamesh--Noah
"chronoligical snobbery"
C.S. Lewis
Term indicating that modern scientific knowledge does not give basis for dissproving biblical text
cuneiform
wedge-shaped writing
-Mesopotamia
hieroglyphics
Pictuer writing
-Egypt
Ostraca
pieces of pottery on which something has been written
papyrus
early form of paper made from reed in swamps in ancient near east
scrolls
leather
codex, codices
papyrus stitched together-book form
palimpest
piece of leather that has been reused
parchment
leather, high quality, often skin of lambs
vellum
best quality (like parchment)
miniscule
Greek biblical manuscripts-small letters
unical
capital Greek letters
homeoleletons
the act of a scribe losing their space on text and thus eliminating phrases
ditography
writing the same word twice
primeval
1st
ziggurat
stepped pyramid
ish
Man
ishshah
Woman