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98 Cards in this Set

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Natural Theology
A loving God has created the human mind so it can rationalize God's existence
A loving God has created the human mind so it can rationalize God's existence
Natural Theology
Revealed Theology
Humans are corrupt and can only know God through direct revelations
Humans are corrupt and can only know God through direct revelations
Revealed Theology
William James
RE as a feeling - 4 Char. - Ineffability, Noetic Quality, Transiency, Passivity
RE as a feeling - 4 Char. - Ineffability, Noetic Quality, Transiency, Passivity
William James
Teresa of Jesus
Spanish saint who saw visions
Spanish saint who saw visions
Teresa of Jesus
Friedrich Schleiermacher
When religions is based on a feeling, it's safer from science
When religions is based on a feeling, it's safer from science
Friedrich Schleiermacher
Emile Durkheim
religion is social movement
religion is social movement
Emile Durkheim
Michael Scrivan
Just because you're playing, doens't mean you are winning
Just because you're playing, doens't mean you are winning
Michael Scrivan
William Alston
You must sense God to prove his existence emperically
You must sense God to prove his existence emperically
William Alston
Ludwig Feuerbach
Projection
Projection
Ludwig Feuerbach
John Hick
God isn't logically necessary, but ontologically necessary
God isn't logically necessary, but ontologically necessary
John Hick
Moses Maimonides
via negativa
via negativa
Moses Maimonides
Thomas Aquinas
God can do all that is "positive absolutley"
God can do all that is "positive absolutley"
Thomas Aquinas
George Mavrodes
Can God make stone? No, contradiction in terms.
Can God make stone? No, contradiction in terms.
George Mavrodes
Nelson Pike
If God is omniscient, no free will.
If God is omniscient, no free will.
Nelson Pike
Boethius
God lives in "eternal now"
God lives in "eternal now"
Boethius
Nicholas Wolterstorff
God is eternal, everlasting
God is eternal, everlasting
Nicholas Wolterstorff
The Upanishards
Brahman-all encompassing God, the infinite divine reality behind all existence. Same as Atman - the true inner self of each person
Brahman-all encompassing God, the infinite divine reality behind all existence. Same as Atman - the true inner self of each person
The Upanishards
John Cobb and David Griffin
Processed Theology - world as social unit; God impacts world, world impacts God
Processed Theology - world as social unit; God impacts world, world impacts God
John Cobb and David Griffin
Rosemary Ramford Ruether
Embrace female qualities and lang.
Embrace female qualities and lang.
Rosemary Ramford Ruether
A Priori
Deductive, Cause>Effect
Deductive, Cause>Effect
A Priori
A Posteriori
Inductive, Effect>Cause
Inductive, Effect>Cause
A Posteriori
Ontology
study of being
study of being
Ontology
Anselm
"God necessarily exists" - Greatest Possible Being
"God necessarily exists" - Greatest Possible Being
Anselm
Gaunilo
We can't have accurate understanding of God - refuting Anselm
We can't have accurate understanding of God - refuting Anselm
Gaunilo
Immanuel Kant
Everything that exists, exists synthetically - no logically necessary being
Everything that exists, exists synthetically - no logically necessary being
Immanuel Kant
Cosmology
Argument for God's existence from the need to provide explanation for universe's existance
Argument for God's existence from the need to provide explanation for universe's existance
Cosmology
Thomas Aquinas
Unmoved Mover
Unmoved Mover
Thomas Aquinas
Bruce Reichenbach
Principle of Sufficient Reason
Principle of Sufficient Reason
Bruce Reichenbach
William Craig
Kalam Cosmological Argument - Universe had beginning, must have cause - no actual infinity, can't succesively add to infinity, universe is expanding, 2nd law of thermodynamics
Kalam Cosmological Argument - Universe had beginning, must have cause - no actual infinity, can't succesively add to infinity, universe is expanding, 2nd law of thermodynamics
William Craig
J.L. Mackie
Refutes cosmological
Refutes cosmological
J.L. Mackie
Teleology
attempts to explain means-ends order of the world
attempts to explain means-ends order of the world
Teleology
William Paley
God as Watchmaker
God as Watchmaker
William Paley
David Hume
Refutes Paley - Weakness of analogy, means-end is human convention, who made watchmaker?
Refutes Paley - Weakness of analogy, means-end is human convention, who made watchmaker?
David Hume
L. Stafford Betty and Bruce Cordell
Anthropic Teleological Form - Highly unlikely universe and humans happened by chance
Anthropic Teleological Form - Highly unlikely universe and humans happened by chance
L. Stafford Betty and Bruce Cordell
Stephen Gould
Refutes Anthropic Teleological form - reality is just as likely as anything else
Refutes Anthropic Teleological form - reality is just as likely as anything else
Stephen Gould
Paul Davies
Natrulaistic account of universe - Big Bang and cosmic bootstrap
Natrulaistic account of universe - Big Bang and cosmic bootstrap
Paul Davies
Moral Argument
Argument for God's existence based on exis. of objective moral law
Argument for God's existence based on exis. of objective moral law
Moral Argument
C.S. Lewis
Law of Human Nature - standard for human behavior
Law of Human Nature - standard for human behavior
C.S. Lewis
Robert Merrihew Adams
Divine Command Theory, Pragmatic arguments
Divine Command Theory, Pragmatic arguments
Robert Merrihew Adams
Soren Kierkegaard
God will always be beyond our understanding - faith over reason
God will always be beyond our understanding - faith over reason
Soren Kierkegaard
Foydor Dostoevsky
Even if you could end all suffering but kill one child, would you?
Even if you could end all suffering but kill one child, would you?
Foydor Dostoevsky
Bertrand Russell
The universe simply exists, God of gaps
The universe simply exists, God of gaps
Bertrand Russell
J.L. Mackie
Problem of Evil - 3 truths
Problem of Evil - 3 truths
J.L. Mackie
St. Augustine
Evil is a privation
Evil is a privation
St. Augustine
David Hume
Philo-limits to what we know about God; Cleanthes-evil doesn't truly exist; Demea-long run, cosmic scales will be balanced
Philo-limits to what we know about God; Cleanthes-evil doesn't truly exist; Demea-long run, cosmic scales will be balanced
David Hume
Alvin Plantinga
Free Will Defenese-humans will choose bad at some point
Free Will Defenese-humans will choose bad at some point
Alvin Plantinga
John Stuart Mill
theory from design - Creator had limits
theory from design - Creator had limits
John Stuart Mill
John Hick
Ppl were created in God's image, maturing towards being like God - You can't mature without moral evil.
Ppl were created in God's image, maturing towards being like God - You can't mature without moral evil.
John Hick
Rowe
Evil for sake of evil that could have been prevented
Evil for sake of evil that could have been prevented
Rowe