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25 Cards in this Set

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CHALCEDON 451
condemnation of Eutyches & Monophysism
2 natures, ONE person in Christ
CONSTANTINOPLE II 553
sought to appease anti-Chalcedonians with condemnation of the "Three Chapters"
CONSTANTINOPLE 1 381
condemnation of Apollinarius
Holy Spirit is DIVINE with Father and Son (Trinitarian)
EPHESUS 431
condemnation of Nestorius
Mary is affirmed as Theotokos, not merely Christokos
CONSTANTINOPLE III 680
condemnation of Monothelism including denoucement of Pope Honorius
NICEA II 787
images in church worthy of veneration but not of worship
condemnation of the iconoclasts
Jerome
Vulgate=latin translation of Bible from Hebrew to Greek
>used Roman Catholic Church today
Anselm
ontological proof of exsistance of God
Cappadocians
Macrina (mother of monasticism), founded Anessi (womens covent)
Basil the Great - stress on doctrine of holy spirit
Augustine
combats 3 mjor heresies: maniceism, donatists, pelagians
-Just War Theory
John Scotus Aragena
primary medieval theologian
used neoplatonic language
NICEA 325
Condemnation of Arius
Father and Son are "homoousia" (same substance)
DOCTRINE OF THE TRINITY
NICEA II 787
images in church worthy of veneration but not of worship
condemnation of the iconoclasts
DOCTRINE OF ATONEMENT
how redemption occurs @ cross
RANSOM THEORY > devil was paid off by death of Jesus
SATISFACTION THEORY >
1.God honor must be satisified
2.God's honor and rath must be satisified
Aquinus condemned: God is not satisified in violent death of J.C. but by his obdeience
DOCTRINE OF INCARNATION
God is flesh in Christ
EAST: Irananius "recapitualtion" > start fresh in Jesus
WEST: Anselm "Why God Human"
1.why J.C human? only human ought to pay for sin
2.why J.C divine? only God can truely pay for sin
justin martyr
first theologian proper
Philosphers were Christians before Christ
Irananius
theory of recaptiulation
"the fall" > Adam and Eve's innocence
Clement of Alexandria
best of Philosphy used to present Christianity
(Neoplatism)
Tertullian
hated philosphy
later in life joined heretical group: Monoatists
student of Clement
Origen of Alexandria
The Hexapla:
-even Satan would be redeemed
-God created @ 2 different times (Gen. 1&2)
unfairly critized for speculations
Athanius
Champion of Nicene Orthodoxy
overcame Aranism (367)
Festal Letter -
all 27 books of NT w/ no admissions or ommissions
Aquinas
5 ways of knowing God
-mover
-exsistence
-contingency
-quality
-intelligent designer
Early Reformer
Wycliffe, Huss, Savorola
W: english translation of bible & challenged transubstantion and financial wealth in church
H: Bohemian preacher, Sixamoon provided "safe conduct" to council in Constance - burned @ stake
Scriptures above Pope
S: Catholic Reformer in Florence "cap of blood"
John Dun Scotus & Ackem
how reasonable can religion be?
scholasticism - system of God w/ logic and reason
A: no reason of logic is enough, God cannot be controlled by our system "fidesism"
Meister Eckhart
mysticism
can not say what God is only what he is not