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88 Cards in this Set

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Arahat
Enlightened Buddhist monk
Amida
Dhyani Buddha presides over Western Paradise (pure land)
Asoka
3rd Century "emperor" of India; Wrote the "Rock Edicts"
Bodhisattva
Future Buddha; merits Nirvana but lingers to help others
Buddha
"enlightened one"; historically, Gautama Sidhartha
Dalai Lama
Head of yellow sect Tibetan Buddhism
Dharma
Doctrine; one of the "three jewels"
Dhyani Buddhas
"Celestical", contemplative buddhas
Gautama
Prince Siddhartha, the founder of Buddhism
Hinayana
"Less Vehicle"; One person journey, often for Buddhist monks. AKA Theravada; Philosophical Buddhism
Karma
Actions produce consequence
Koan
Puzzle used in Zen. Forces disciples beyond rational thought
Lama
"Superior one"; monk in Tibetan Buddhism
Mahayana
"Great Vehicle"; theistic Buddhism
Mantra
Incantation; mystical utterance
Middle Way
Another term for Buddhism. Between indulgence and asceticism; leads to insight
Nirvana
state of liberation
Pali
Language of ealry Theravada scripture
Prajna
Wisdom; "female" complement of upaya
Sangha
"assembly"; order of monks and nuns
Satori
Zen term for enlightenment
Siddhartha Gautama
Founder of Buddhism
Stupa
Buddhist Shrine
Tara
Female protective deity, consort of Dhyani Buddhas
Tantra
"manual"; Tibetan Buddhism. Tantric Buddhism
Theravada
"Way of the elders"; philosophical buddhism
Tripitaka
Earliest Buddhist scriptures in the Pali language; include Saying of the Buddha (The Sutta); "three baskets"
Upaya
The male consort in Tibetan Buddhism; "Compassion in action"
Vajrayana
"Thunderbold (or diamond) Vehicle"; Tibetan Buddhism
Zen
Meditative school seeking to go beyond reason to insight
Name the three Jewels
Buddha, Dharma, Sangha
The story of Prince Siddhartha
The four passing sights, the great renunciation, enlightenment under the Bo-Tree, First sermon at the Deer Park
The four passing sights
Old age, death, sickness, a Hindu Holy man
The Great Renunciation
When Gautama leaves home and struggles toward salvation. When philosophic meditation and self-mortification fail
Enlightenment under the Bo-Tree
The elightenment is: The problem is desire, which leads to suffering
The first sermon at the Deer Park
When Buddha tells the five ascetics who travel with him about his enlightenment. He preaches the middle path.
The five ascetics who travel with Buddha are the first
Sangha
The Four Noble Truths
Life is suffering, Suffering is caused by desire (selfish craving), the cure is a cessation of desire, The Way is the Eightfold Path
Three categories of the eightfold path
Understanding, Morals, and Concentration
What points are in the Undertanding category?
Right beliefs, right purpose/intent
What points are in the morals category?
Right speech, conduct, livelihood, effort
What points are in the concentration category?
Right Mindfulness, meditation
What are the three marks of existence?
Nothing is permanent, There is no "self" or "soul", Life is suffering and sorrow
What did Gautama describe Nirvana as?
Bliss
What is considered the high ethical component of Buddhism
Love and Compassion
What did Gautama say about the transmigration of souls
Rebirth occurs -- However there is no transmigration of souls
What did Gautama say about the caste system
Caste makes no difference in achieving enlightenment
What did Gautama say about Karma
Karma is still in effect, but not for the arahat, who has been enlightened
What did Gautama say about the Vedas and Brahmins of Hinduism
Rejected these teachings/writtings
What did Gautama say about speculative philosophy
Rejected speculative philosophy
Who is the central figure in Theravada Buddhism
The Monk
Where is Theravada Buddhism more common?
Sri Lanka, Myanmar (Burma), and SE Asia
In Theravada Buddhism, what do the monks do?
Live in monastery, beg for food (begging bowl is one of the symbols of Theravada Buddhism), wear a yellow robe, shave their head
What adaptations have been made to Theravada Buddhism?
Has accepted devotional practices toward the person of the Buddha and his previous incarnations, added holy days and festivals including one at new and one at full moon, anniversaries of key points in Buddha's life observed
What is the object of devotion in Mahayana Buddhism
The Buddha. Bodhisattvas are also appealed to and worshiped
Two important concepts of Mahayana Buddhism
The perfection of Wisdom (once a person reaches Nirvana, religious practices are no longer necessary), the Trikaya: The Triple Body (distinction between earthly Buddha-Gautama-, the body of bliss-transcendent buddha-, and the Dharma Body-The ultimate Buddha reality)
Amida Buddhims
"Pure Land School" Emphasis on faith in Amida
In Amida Buddhism, salvation is a gift _____
Through faith. Not acquired by good works. This means that priests can live like laypeople
Key scripture of Amida Buddhism
Lotus Sutra
Amida Buddhism is widespread in
Japan
Amida Buddhism is a part of
Mahayana Buddhism
Goal and Methods of Zen Buddhism
Goal is immediate insight
Method is through meditation
Sazen
???? - Look up - Part of Zen Buddhism
Koan
???? - Look up - Part of Zen Buddhism
Satori
???? - Look up - Part of Zen Buddhism
Zen Buddhism is part of
Mahayana Buddhism
Vajrayana
Tibetan Buddhism
Key doctrine of Vajrayana
Passion can be exhausted by passion
Cosmic spousal pairs of Vajrayana
Prajina (the female concept; wisdom) and upaya (the male concept; compassion in action)
What is the object of devotion in Mahayana Buddhism
The Buddha. Bodhisattvas are also appealed to and worshiped
Two important concepts of Mahayana Buddhism
The perfection of Wisdom (once a person reaches Nirvana, religious practices are no longer necessary), the Trikaya: The Triple Body (distinction between earthly Buddha-Gautama-, the body of bliss-transcendent buddha-, and the Dharma Body-The ultimate Buddha reality)
Amida Buddhims
"Pure Land School" Emphasis on faith in Amida
In Amida Buddhism, salvation is a gift _____
Through faith. Not acquired by good works. This means that priests can live like laypeople
Key scripture of Amida Buddhism
Lotus Sutra
Amida Buddhism is widespread in
Japan
Amida Buddhism is a part of
Mahayana Buddhism
Goal and Methods of Zen Buddhism
Goal is immediate insight
Method is through meditation
Sazen
???? - Look up - Part of Zen Buddhism
Koan
???? - Look up - Part of Zen Buddhism
Satori
???? - Look up - Part of Zen Buddhism
Zen Buddhism is part of
Mahayana Buddhism
Vajrayana
Tibetan Buddhism
Key doctrine of Vajrayana
Passion can be exhausted by passion
Cosmic spousal pairs of Vajrayana
Prajina (the female concept; wisdom) and upaya (the male concept; compassion in action)
In Vajrayana Buddhism, male and female elements
unite in all natural forces, including the divine
In Tibetan Buddhism, _____ are worshipped
Dhyani Buddhas are worshiped
Two elements of Tibetan Buddhism
Prayer wheels, mantras
What happens to head lamas in Tibetan Buddhism
Reincarnation