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36 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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what is the 38th Parallel?
Line of latitude which divided North and South Korea.
latitude
what were the 95 Theses?
Document written by Martin Luther detailing what he believed to be the problems in the medieval Church.
martin luther
what was the Abbassid Dynasty?
(750 - 1258) Ruling family of the Islamic Empire during its golden age. This dynasty is responsible for many achievements
ruling family
who was Abraham?
The first patriarch in the Bible. Abraham was asked by God to sacrifice his son, Isaac, and was rewarded for being prepared to do so. He is considered by Jewish people as the father of the Israelites through his son Isaac, and by Muslims as the father of Arab peoples through his son Ishmael.
bible
what was and is absolute monarchy?
A political system in which a country is ruled by a monarch, who has absolute control.
MONARCHY
what is adaptation?
A change made to survive an environment or to overcome a disadvantage.
change
what was the Age of Exploration?
Time period during the 15th and 16th centuries when Europeans searched for new sources of wealth and for easier trade routes to China and India. Resulted in the discovery of North and South America by the Europeans.
christopher columbus
what is anti-Semitism?
The hatred of people of Jewish descent.
hitler
who was Asoka?
King of the Maurya dynasty. He ruled nearly the entire subcontinent of India. He also was instrumental in the spread of Buddhism after his conversion.
india
what is Buddhism?
Buddhism developed in India, and is based on many of the core concepts of Hinduism.. Buddhists believe in an endless cycle of reincarnation, or samsara, which is similar to beliefs of Hinduism. However, Buddhists do not believe that deities are responsible for the phenomenon. In addition, the Caste System is rejected by Buddhists who believe instead that one is reincarnated until they can achieve nirvana, best described as spiritual enlightenment.
buddha
what is a Caliph?
In Islam, the successor to the Prophet Mohammed
muhammad
what is Confucianism?
Confucius lived in China during the Chou Dynasty, when there was mass disorder and confusion and degrading moral standards. Confucius was appalled by what appeared to be the fracturing of Chinese society. He believed that the only cure was to stress a sense of social order and mutual respect, a philosophy that later became known as Confucianism. Confucianism teaches that there is a natural social order to society which can best be explained through the Five Relationships.
peace
who was Constantine?
(274 CE – 337 CE) Roman Emperor between 306 CE and 337 CE. He issued the Edict of Milan which outlawed the persecution of Christians. He also founded the city of Constantinople, the future capital of the Byzantine Empire.
christianity
what is ethnocentrism
A belief in the superiority of a certain ethnic group or race
chinese
what were the Five Relationships?
Confucian philosophy about social order where everyone has a place and respect is paid to elders, parents, and the government. The relationships are, ruler to ruled, father to son, older brother to younger brother, husband to wife, friend to friend.
parents & siblings
what is the 38th Parallel?
Line of latitude which divided North and South Korea.
latitude
what were the 95 Theses?
Document written by Martin Luther detailing what he believed to be the problems in the medieval Church.
martin luther
what was the Abbassid Dynasty?
(750 - 1258) Ruling family of the Islamic Empire during its golden age. This dynasty is responsible for many achievements
ruling family
who was Abraham?
The first patriarch in the Bible. Abraham was asked by God to sacrifice his son, Isaac, and was rewarded for being prepared to do so. He is considered by Jewish people as the father of the Israelites through his son Isaac, and by Muslims as the father of Arab peoples through his son Ishmael.
bible
what was and is absolute monarchy?
A political system in which a country is ruled by a monarch, who has absolute control.
MONARCHY
what is adaptation?
A change made to survive an environment or to overcome a disadvantage.
change
what was the Age of Exploration?
Time period during the 15th and 16th centuries when Europeans searched for new sources of wealth and for easier trade routes to China and India. Resulted in the discovery of North and South America by the Europeans.
christopher columbus
what is anti-Semitism?
The hatred of people of Jewish descent.
hitler
who was Asoka?
King of the Maurya dynasty. He ruled nearly the entire subcontinent of India. He also was instrumental in the spread of Buddhism after his conversion.
india
what is Buddhism?
Buddhism developed in India, and is based on many of the core concepts of Hinduism.. Buddhists believe in an endless cycle of reincarnation, or samsara, which is similar to beliefs of Hinduism. However, Buddhists do not believe that deities are responsible for the phenomenon. In addition, the Caste System is rejected by Buddhists who believe instead that one is reincarnated until they can achieve nirvana, best described as spiritual enlightenment.
buddha
what is a Caliph?
In Islam, the successor to the Prophet Mohammed
muhammad
what is Confucianism?
Confucius lived in China during the Chou Dynasty, when there was mass disorder and confusion and degrading moral standards. Confucius was appalled by what appeared to be the fracturing of Chinese society. He believed that the only cure was to stress a sense of social order and mutual respect, a philosophy that later became known as Confucianism. Confucianism teaches that there is a natural social order to society which can best be explained through the Five Relationships.
peace
who was Constantine?
(274 CE – 337 CE) Roman Emperor between 306 CE and 337 CE. He issued the Edict of Milan which outlawed the persecution of Christians. He also founded the city of Constantinople, the future capital of the Byzantine Empire.
christianity
what is ethnocentrism
A belief in the superiority of a certain ethnic group or race
chinese
what were the Five Relationships?
Confucian philosophy about social order where everyone has a place and respect is paid to elders, parents, and the government. The relationships are, ruler to ruled, father to son, older brother to younger brother, husband to wife, friend to friend.
parents & siblings
what are Five Pillars of Islam?
Code of behavior for followers of Islam. Includes Charity, Daily Prayer, Profession of Faith, Fasting during Ramadan, and a pilgrimage to Mecca called the hajj.
ISLAM...
what was the Irish Potato Famine?
A famine in 1845 when the main crop of Ireland, potatoes, was destroyed by disease. Irish farmers grew other food items, such as wheat and oats, but Great Britain required them to export those items to them, leaving nothing for the Irish to live on. As a result, over 1 million Irish died of starvation or disease, while millions of others migrated to the United States.
FAMINE...
what were the Laws of the Twelve Tables?
A system of laws. Some of the features of this system include, men being equal under the law, having the right to face their accusers, and being considered innocent until proven guilty.
who was Machiavelli?
(1469-1527) Italian historian, statesman, and political philosopher of the Renaissance. His greatest work is The Prince, a book of political advice to rulers in which he describes the methods that a prince should use to acquire and maintain political power. This book was used to defend policies of despotism and tyranny. Machiavelli wrote that a ruler should take any action to remain in power, or that “the ends justifies the means.”
rulers
what is mercantilism?
The policy of building a nation's wealth by exporting more goods than it imports. Colonies are instrumental in this policy as they supply their parent nations with raw materials that are used to produce finished goods, and then exported back to the colonies. Colonies not only served as a source for the raw materials, but also as an exclusive market for the parent country.
items
what was the Treaty of Tordesillas?
A treaty dividing the New World possessions between Portugal and Spain. This treaty, signed in 1494 was a product of the Catholic Church.
new world