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21 Cards in this Set

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- England Philosopher

- Life, Liberty, and Property,

- government=protect rights
John Locke (Enlightenment)
- French Philosopher

-Freedom of Speech= Best Weapon against a bad government
Voltaire (Enlightenment)
- French Philosopher

-3 Branches of Government

-System of Check and Balance
Montesquieu (Enlightenment)
- French Writer

- government should be run according to the will of the majority
Rousseau (Enlightenment)
-leaders of Latin American independence movements

-Inspired by American and French Revolutions
Simon Bolivar & Miguel Hidelgo
-Prussian chancellor in 1862

-program of war to unify all the German states under the control of Prussia

-policy known as Blood and Iron.
Otto Von Bismarck [Prussia]
- created the Bolshevik Party

- Communist State in Russia

- New Economic Policy
Vladamir Lenin [Russia]
- Nationalist leader in India

- called for non violent revolution in India to gain freedom from Britain
Mohandas Gandhi [India]
- Leader of the Cuban Revolution

- communist dictator of Cuba

-Made Cuba socialist

-BAY OF PIGS

-CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS
Fidel Castro [Cuba]
-Emperor of the French.

-Responsible for French Revolution reforms

-Conquered most of Europe

-He was defeated at Waterloo
Napoleon Bonaparte
-Philosopher

-order in society= Five Relationships:

1. Ruler to ruled.
2. Father to son.
3. Old bro- young bro.
4. Husband to wife.
5. Friend to friend.
Confucius [China]
- Ruler of Babylon

-1st Code of Law in History

-EYE FOR AN EYE a TOOTH FOR A TOOTH

-diff btwn Major/Minor offenses
Hammurabi [Babylon- Mesopotamia]
-Black South African Leader

-Protested Against Apartheid

-Spent 30 years in Prison

-Became 1st black president of South Africa
Nelson Mandela [South Africa]
- Expanded Greek Empire from Europe to Africa to Middle East

-Spread Greek Culture

-Alexandra in Egypt= Capital Center of HELLENISTIC CIVILIZATION (Greek)

-Married a Persian Woman= Blending of Cultures
Alexander the Great [Greek]
-Created the Movable Type

-Allowed for more books to be published and mass communication
Johannes Gutenberg [German-Renaissance]
-Czaress of Russia

-Had an Aggressive Foreign Policy

-Participated in the Partitioning (Split) of Poland
Catherine the Great [Russia]
- Sun King

-Became King at 4

-Had Divine Right to Rule
"I am the State"

-Absolute Monarch

-Built Palace at Versailles-center of French culture
King Louis XIV (14) [France-Absolute Monarch]
-Frank the Tank= POLICY OF MILITARISM

-Strong Army
Fredrick the Great [Prussia-Absolute Monarch]
- No Beards

- Wanted Russians to be European like and Modernized

-Modernization of Russia
Peter the Great [Russian Absolute Monarch]
-Unified Vietnam against Imperialism from the French in 1945

-Communist
Ho Chi Minh [Vietnam]
- People's Republic of China

-GREAT LEAP FORWARD- program to make Chinese increase production in idustry
Meo Zedong [China]