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19 Cards in this Set

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Who was Copernicus?
copernicus created the heliocentric theory.
What does theocracy mean?
A government controlled by church leaders.
Who were the Presbyters?
they were elders who controlled scottish towns.
Protestant:
A protestant is someone who is christian but not catholic.
Who was charles v?
he was a roman emperor who
made luther stand the trial of worms.
He couldn't capture Luther.
What does Revolt mean?
Revolt:to challenge authority, in this case, Martin Luther challenged the church.
Geocentric:
this theory, indicated that the earth(geo)was in the center of the universe.
Who were the elect?
Calvin taught that men and women are by nature sinful.By god's grace, however, a very few of these people will be saved from sin.
What does Devout mean?
this term is used to describe someone with an ardent love and affection to something.
What was Utopia?
Utopia was a nearly perfect society,this was the name of a book, written by Thomas More.
In this book, he describes a perfect society.
Predestination:
The doctrine that God has known since the beginning of time who will be saved.
What is an indulgence?
An indulgence was a pardon given by the Roman Catholic Church in return for repentance for sins.
Schism:
it means to separate
What does "diet" mean?
In this situation, diet, was an assembly that wanted to hear the criticism of the catholic church
who was Martin Luther?
Martin Luther was a priest, who challenged the church and began the reformation, he wrote the 95 theses and he had three teachings:
1.Salvation by faith ALONE.
2.The bible as the ONLY AUTHORITY for christian life.
3.The PRIESTHOOD of all believers.
Also, he translated the Bible from Latin to German.
What was the Heliocentric theory about?
this theory was created by copernicus.
An easy way to remember this is by knowing what helio-means sun, so sun & centric=
heliocentric.
Who was Kepler?
Kepler proposed 3 laws of planetary motion.
1.PLANETS MOVE AROUND THE SUNN IN ELLIPTICAL ORBITS.
2.PLANETS MOVE MORE RAPIDLY AS THEIR ORBITS APPROACH THE SUN.
3.THE TIME TAKEN BY PLANETS TO ORBIT THE SUN VARIES PROPORTIONATELY WITH THEIR DISTANCE FROM THE SUN.
Who was Paul III/Paul IV?
They took the lead in reforming the Catholic church, they had 2 goals, one was to strenghthen and purify the church and the other one was to combat Protestantism.
Henry VIII
He broke with the pope and made many changes to the church.Everything started because the Catholic church didn't allow divorce, so he called arliament and passed a group of laws that stripped away the pope's power in england.
He legalized divorce, he proclaims himself as the head of the church leader, and he didn't have to answer anyone.