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19 Cards in this Set

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Reflex: Primitive Stepping (Primary Walking)
Primitive Reflex
Normally Present: 0-1 month

Elicit: (1) Stand infant: hold under arms & incline forward OR (2) Brush dorsum of foot under edge of table

Response: (1) Automatic walking which is rhythmical & with initial contact OR (2) Leg flexes & foot comes down on table top
Elicit: (1) Stand infant: hold under arms & incline forward OR (2) Brush dorsum of foot under edge of table

Response: (1) Automatic walking which is rhythmical & with initial contact OR (2) Leg flexes & foot comes down on table top
Reflex: Flexor WIthdrawal
Primitive Reflex
Normally Present: 0-2 months

Elicit: Supine, legs extended; stimulate sole of foot

Response: Hip & knee flexion, ankle DF, & toe extension (flex, ABD, ER, & DF)

Elicit: Supine, legs extended; stimulate sole of foot

Response: Hip & knee flexion, ankle DF, & toe extension (flex, ABD, ER, and DF)
Reflex: Extensor Thrust
Primitive Reflex
Normally Present: 0-2 months

Elicit: Supine, 1 leg extended, other leg flexed; stimulate sole of foot of flexed leg

Response: Uncontrolled extension of stimulated leg

Elicit: Supine, 1 leg extended, other leg flexed; stimulate sole of foot of flexed leg

Response: Uncontrolled extension of stimulated leg
Reflex: Crossed Extension
Primitive Reflex
Normally Present: 0-2 months
(a form of this will persist throughout life but can't elicit in same manner)

Elicit: Supine, 1 leg flexed, other leg extended; flex extended leg

Response: Initailly flexed leg will extend
Elicit: Supine, 1 leg flexed, other leg extended; flex extended leg

Response: Initailly flexed leg will extend
Reflex: Grasp
Primitive Reflex
Normally Present: 0-4 months

Elicit: Supine or sitting; apply pressure on ulnar side of palm

Response: Flexion of fingers (grasp)
Elicit: Supine or sitting; apply pressure on ulnar side of palm

Response: Flexion of fingers (grasp)
Reflex: Moro
Primitive Reflex
Normally Present: 0 to 4-6 months

Elicit: Supine; raise head & shoulders up, and drop head back. Catch baby before the head hits the table or mat

Response: Arms ABD, extend, and ER; fanning of fingers
Elicit: Supine; raise head & shoulders up, and drop head back. Catch baby before the head hits the table or mat

Response: Arms ABD, extend, and ER; fanning of fingers
Reflex: Positive Supporting
Primitive Reflex
Normally Present: 0-4 months

Elicit: Hold in standing under arms; bounce several times on soles of feet

Response: Increase of extensor tone in LE's; PF of feet; genu recurvatum may occur (should feel baby take weight)
Elicit: Hold in standing under arms; bounce several times on soles of feet

Response: Increase of extensor tone in LE's; PF of feet; genu recurvatum may occur (should feel baby take weight)
Reflex: Negative Supporting
Primitive Reflex
Normally Present: 0-4 months

Elicit: Hold in standing under arms; bounce on soles of feet & then hold in space

Response: Flexion of LE's when child is lifted into NWB
Elicit: Hold in standing under arms; bounce on soles of feet & then hold in space

Response: Flexion of LE's when child is lifted into NWB
Reflex: Tonic Labyrinthine
Primitive Reflex
Normally Present: 0-4 months

Elicit: Supine, arms & legs extended (relative to where they were). Prone, arms and legs flexed

Response: In supine, increased extensor tone. In pone, increased flexor tone
Elicit: Supine, arms & legs extended (relative to where they were). Prone, arms and legs flexed

Response: In supine, increased extensor tone. In pone, increased flexor tone
Reflex: Symmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex (STNR)
Primitive Reflex
Normally Present: 0 to 4-6 months (may not see until 1-2 months and usually disappears closer to 4 months than 6)

Elicit: Prone over examiner's knees; (a) flex the head. (b) extend the head

Reflex: (a) UE - increased flexor tone, LE - increased extensor tone. (b) UE - increased extensor tone, LE - increased flexor tone. (UE's same as head, LE's opposite)
Elicit: Prone over examiner's knees; (a) flex the head. (b) extend the head

Reflex: (a) UE - increased flexor tone, LE - increased extensor tone. (b) UE - increased extensor tone, LE - increased flexor tone. (UE's same as head, LE's opposite)
Reflex: Asymmetrical Tonic Neck Reflex (ATNR)
Primitive Reflex
Normally Present: 0 to 4-6 months

Elicit: Supine, arms & lefs extended; turn head to one side

Response: Face side - increased extensor tone
Skull side - increased flexor tone
Elicit: Supine, arms & lefs extended; turn head to one side

Response: Face side - increased extensor tone
Skull side - increased flexor tone
Reflex: Rooting
Oral Reflex
Normally Present: 0-4 months

Elicit: Supine or sittting; lightly stroke corner of mouth outward

Response: Lower lip drops at that corner. if continued, tongue moves toward stimulus & head turns to follow
Elicit: Supine or sittting; lightly stroke corner of mouth outward

Response: Lower lip drops at that corner. if continued, tongue moves toward stimulus & head turns to follow
Reflex: Sucking
Oral Reflex
Normally Present: 0-4 months

Elicit: Supine or sitting; place finger on lips (older children may be elicited by food or stimulus on tongue)

Response: Immediate sucking of lips. Jaw drops & lifts rhythmically
Elicit: Supine or sitting; place finger on lips (older children may be elicited by food or stimulus on tongue)

Response: Immediate sucking of lips. Jaw drops & lifts rhythmically
Reflex: Bite
Oral Reflex
Normally Present: 0-5 months

Elicit: Sitting or supine; place object between fums or teeth.

Response: Mouth closure & holding behavior (bite w/no release)
Elicit: Sitting or supine; place object between fums or teeth.

Response: Mouth closure & holding behavior (bite w/no release)
Reflex: Gag
Oral Reflex
Normally Present: 0-throughout life

Elicit: Sitting or supine; light touch of pharyngeal wall or post 1/3 of tongue

Response: Contraction of the constrictor muscles of the pharynx (uvula rise up)
Elicit: Sitting or supine; light touch of pharyngeal wall or post 1/3 of tongue

Response: Contraction of the constrictor muscles of the pharynx (uvula rise up)
Reflex: Optical Righting
Equilibrium & Righting Reflex
Normally Present: 1-2 months tothroughout life

Elicit: Hold child in space in teh following positions: supine, prone, & upright; in upright, tilt to side

Response: Head raises to normal position in supine & prone; head rights to vertical position in upright when tilted to side
Elicit: Hold child in space in teh following positions: supine, prone, & upright; in upright, tilt to side

Response: Head raises to normal position in supine & prone; head rights to vertical position in upright when tilted to side
Reflex: Labyrinth on Head
Equilibrium & Righting Reflex
Normally Present: 1-2 months to throughout life

Elicit: Hold child blindfolded in spce in teh following positions: supine, prone, & upright; in upright, tilt to side

Response: Head raises to normal position in supine and prone; head rights to vertical position in upright when tilted to side
Elicit: Hold child blindfolded in spce in teh following positions: supine, prone, & upright; in upright, tilt to side

Response: Head raises to normal position in supine and prone; head rights to vertical position in upright when tilted to side
Reflex: Neck Righting
Equilibrium & Righting Reflex
Normally Present: 0-6 months

Elicit: Supine, arms & legs extended; rotate head to 1 side

Response: Body rotates as a whole to same side as head is turned (log rolling)
Elicit: Supine, arms & legs extended; rotate head to 1 side

Response: Body rotates as a whole to same side as head is turned (log rolling)
Reflex: Body Righting on Body
Equilibrium & Righting Reflex
Normally Present: 6 months to throughout life

Elicit: Supine, arms & legs extended: rotate head to 1 side

Response: Segmental rotation of trunk between shoulders & pelvis (segmental rolling)
Elicit: Supine, arms & legs extended: rotate head to 1 side

Response: Segmental rotation of trunk between shoulders & pelvis (segmental rolling)