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72 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
95 Theses Date
Oct 31, 1517
Important players in the geopolitical scene at time of reformation
Saxony, Spain, France, England, Italy
Saxony ruled by at time of Ref
Frederick the Wise as Elector
Luther taught at
Univ of Wittenberg
Ruler of Holy Rom Empire at Ref.
Charles V
Charles V controlled
HRE and Spain, parts of Austris, the Netherlands, and southern Italy
Charles V was great grandson of
Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain
Saxony was part of at time of Reformation
Spain at time of Reformation
Ferdinand and Isabella had driven Muslims and Jews out and introduced Inquisition to keep Spain pure and strongly Catholic.
France at time of Reformation
ruled from 1515 by Francis I, frequent thorn in side of emporer and Pope
England at time of Ref
recovering from 100 yrs war with France and 30 more years of civil war (War of Roses)
Ruled England at time of Reformation
House of Tudor – Henry VIII had come to power in 1509
Italy at time of Ref
Five major regions in unending conflict amongst selves and HRE – Venice, Milan, Florence, Papal States, Naples
Pope at time Luther nailed 95 theses
Leo X
Five Solas
scriptura, christus, gratia, fide, deo gloria
16th cent understanding of Humanist
someone committed to study of humanities
Humanist movement in 16th century focused on
the reform of the church and the recovery of the bible
Erasmus nationality
Erasmus inspired to study Greek by
John Colet, earlier humanist
Erasmus began to study Greek at age
Became the most important Greek scholar of his time
Erasmus greatest work
critical edition of the Greek NT
Erasmus published Greek NT in
His new test gave scholars a more authentic version of the Greek scripture for study and translation
Writings of Erasmus both
satirical and polemical
Famous works of Erasmus
The Praise of folly, Familiar Colloquies, Julius Exclusus, The Enchiridion of the Christian Soldier, On Free Will
His writings were widely read and brought much attention to the deplorable condition of the Catholic Church
In these two works Erasmus attempts to set forth the Gospel and the place of the will in salvation
The Enchiridion of the Christian Soldier and On Free Will
His poor theology proved to be the perfect opportunity for Martin Luther to respond with The Bondage of the Will
These two books illustrate a parting of the ways between the humanists and Luther
On Free Will by Erasmus and The Bondage of the Will by Luther
In On Free Will, Erasmus brought forth this central question
What must I do to be saved?
Martin Luther born
November 10, 1483
ML baptized
day after birth
Parents of ML
strict disciplinarians
Year ML became a monk
ML became a monk in this type of monastery
ML became monk after promising this saint he would during thunderstorm
St. Anne
ML was given position teaching scripture at the new University in
ML began lecturing on Romans in
Passage that struck ML when he was lecturing in Romans
Romans 1:17
Romans 1:17
For in the gospel a righteousness from God is revealed, a righteousness that is by faith from first to last, just as it is written “The righteous will live by faith.”
Oct 31, 1517
ML nailed 95 Theses on door of castle church in Wittenburg
Diet of Worms and exile to Wartburg date for ML
Martin Luther exiled to
While in Wartburg, ML did this
translated the New Testament from its original Greek into German
ML returned to Wittenburg from Wartburg in
ML married Katharina von Bora in
ML married to
Katharina von Bora
ML published complete bible in German in
ML died in
ML born
ML became monk
ML began lecturing in Romans
95 theses nailed
ML at diet of Worms, exile to Wartburg
ML returned to Wittenburg from Wartburg
ML married to Katharina
ML publishes complete bible in German
ML died
The princes who supported Luther hoped that through the events at the Diet of Worms
the political power of Rome over Germany would be weakend.
ML invited to Diet of Worms by
HR emporer Charles V
June 15, 1520
Papal Bull of excommunication in which Luther was ordered to recant his teachings.
Papal bull ordering recantation of ML’s teachings issued
June 15, 1520
January 3, 1521
Pope excommunicated Luther
Outline ML’s theological development from monastery to Worms
monastery- concern for salvation, determined to make use of church’s means, peace at first priest – began to feel unworthy of God’s love, severe judge mysticism – on advice of confessor, love god, but I hate him! Teacher – sees new meanings Romans 1:17, justification by faith, free gift didn’t originally see contradiction between his discoveries and penitential system of RC church Reformer – 97 theses attacking scholastic theology, then 95 against indulgences
Luther’s stand at Worms
Unless I am convinced by Scripture and plain reason - I do not accept the authority of the popes and councils, for they have contradicted each other - my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and I will not recant anything for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe. God help me. Amen
ML reacted against his sale of indulgences
Johann Tetzel
Purpose of ML’s bondage of the will
answer Erasmus’s 1524 book On Free Will about justification – refute Catholic semi-Pelagian position
Theme of Bondage of The Will
whether or not the will does anything in those things that pertain unto salvation. Man has free will in regards to what is below him but in all things pertaining to salvation is a captive to do either the will of God or the will of the devil. Total Depravity of unregenerate man and powerlessness of his will.
History and content of Augsburg confession
1530 Charles called diet at Augsburg of princes and cities of German territories, seeking unity to fend off attacks of Turkish armies in Eastern Austria. Hoped to solve controversies of reformation for unity. Melanchthon, friend of ML and Prof of NT at Wittenberg called to draft common confession for the Lutheran Lords. 1530 Augsburg Confession resulted. Statements on God, justification, baptism, Lord’s supper.
Phillip Melanchthon
friend of ML and prof. Of NT at Wittenburg
Augsburg confession presented to Charles