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30 Cards in this Set

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Ten Percent Plan
Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction
Southern state could form a new government after ten percent of its voters swore allegiance to the U.S
The new government has to abolish sslavery
Reconstruction Plan 1867
Throws out southern goverments
unless
Write new constitution
Ratify 14th Amendment
African Americans must be able to vote
Freedmen
men and women who had been slaves
Three groups that dominated Southern government during Reconstruction

Down south, good dogs run after cattle, foxes, and sheep
Dominating
Southern
Governments
During
Reconstruction
Are
Carperbaggers
Freedman
And
Scalawags
Problems in the South after the Civil War
Destruction of homes, barns, bridges and 2/3rds of the railroads
Financial system in ruin - Confederate money was worthless
Ended an economy based on slave labor
Death of a quarter-million men
Freedman's Bureau

President Johnson failed many confident states following feeble bylaws
Poor Whites
Jobs
Food
medicine
clothing
schools
Former slaves/ freedmen
Freedman's Bureau
Reconstruction Act
Johnson vetoed
Passed the veto and threw out any southern state government that refused to ratify the 14th Amendment
Remember which states remained under Republican control.
Rebelling Southerners Commanded Fraudulent Laws
Republican
South Carolina
Florida
Louisiana
Charles Sumner
Led the Radical Republicans in the Senate
Carpetbaggers
Northerners who went south after the Civil War
Reason for refusal of Southern representatives
Deprived African Americans of the right to vote
Elected former Confederates to office
Thaddeus Stevens
Led the Radical Republicans in the House
Radical Reconstruction
Period after the Civil War
Republicans controlled Congress and passed strict laws regarding the South
Blanche K. Bruce
Black who won a Senate seat during Reconstruction
Thirteenth Amendment
Passed in January 1865
Banned slavery throughout the nation
Required an oath of loyalty to the United States
Radical Republicans Goals
Break the power of the rich Southern planters
Ensure freedmen had the right to vote
Freedmen's Bureau
f
c
j
m
pw
Former Slaves receive
food
clothing
jobs
medical care
set up schools
also helped poor whites
poll tax
A fee charged each time a person voted
Fourteenth Amendment
Equal protection to all born in the U.S.
Illegal to discriminate on unreasonable grounds such as race
Impeach
According to the Constitution, the House can remove the President from office for "high crimes and misdemeanors"
Andrew Johnson
Vice President
Became President after Lincoln's assassination
Radical Republicans attempted to impeach him but failed by one vote.
Sharecroppers
Many freedmen and poor whites worked on farms of large large planters and paid to use the land with part of their crop
Charlotte Forten
rich, well-educated African American woman
taught freed slaves
Black Codes
laws that limited the rights of freedmen in the
South after the Civil War
Wade Davis Bill
Required the majority of white men in each southern state swear loyalty to the Union
Denied the right to vote and to hold office to anyone who fought for the Confederacy
Segregation
Seperated black and whites from attending the same schools
Ulysses S. Grant
Former general who became President in 1868
Scalawags
Southern whites who supported Reconstruction
Rutherford Hayes
First post-Reconstruction President
Literacy Tests
Used to make it difficult for uneducated freedmen to vote