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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
human heresies
humans are too far from god to be redeemed
human heresies
humans are too close to god to need redeeming
redeemer heresies
jesus isnt really human, he only appears to be
redeemer heresies
jesus isnt really divine,
Council of Nicea
-called to deal with?
(325)- Constantine, was called to deal with the position of Arius
Council of 1st Constantine
-called to deal with?
(381)-Constantinople, was called to deal with the position of Apollinarius
Council of Ephesus
-called to deal with?
(431)-was called to deal with the position of Nestorius
Council of Chalcedon
-called to deal with?
(451)-was called to deal with the position of Alexandria/Antioch and Eutyches
Arius's position
-said that god does not have an origin
-jesus does have an origin
-origins happen in time
-therefore there was a time when he (God) was not
Church response to Arius (Nicea)
Nicene Creed says that jesus is homoousios with the father (one in being) and also that he was begotten, not made
Reasons behind the Council of Nicea
Argument from fact(Scripture)
-He gives the law
-He calms the storm
-He raises the dead
--this proves that Jesus is fully divine
Argument from necessity
-if he isnt fully divine then he cant save us
Lex orandi, Lex credendi
-if he isnt divine and isnt the savior, then dont worship him
-let your words and deeds agree
-if you do worship him, you must believe he is god
Apollinarius's position
JEsus was fully divine from the beginnin (not "adopted"); but that divind nature needs a place in Jesus
Church response to Apollinarius(1st Constantinople)
jesus has a rational human soul=fully human (what is not assumed is not redeemed)
Reasons behind the Council of Constantinople
Argument from fact
-he weeps (soul)
-he is afraid (soul)
Argument from necessity
-what is not assumed is not redeemed
Argument from philosophy
-god is transcendant
-god does not need a place
Nestorius's position
we must protect the integrity of BOTH natures (school of antioch)
-god cannot die, god cannot be born, it is the nature of god to be unchanging
-mary can give birth to Jesus' humanity but not his divinity
=mary is not the theotokos
Church response to Nestorius
Mary IS the theotokos;union of two natures
Reasons behind the council of Ephesus
Argument from necessity
-if humanity and divinity are seperated in Jesus, then our human nature is forever seperated from god
=we cannot be saved
Lex orandi, Lex credendi
-the Eucharist:this is my body, this is my blood -->no seperation
Eutyches position
the union of the natures is so complete (alexandria) that there results only one nature(docetist)
Church response to Eutyches
one person with two natures (hypostatic union)
Reasons behind the Council of Chalcedon
Argument from fact
-the ONE man, Jesus--> sleeps, calms the storm> goes up the mountain, gives the law
=the hypostatic union (the union in one person of two natures