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233 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
malign
adj. 1. having an evil disposition toward others. v. 2. to speak evil of
obloquy
n. verbal condemnation or abuse of a person or thing
esoteric
adj. 1. understood by only a chosen few. 2. confidential
subsidiary
adj. 1. giving a service. 2. being in a subordinate position
expedient
adj. 1. convenient in obtaining a result. 2. guided by self-interest
substantive
adj. 1. existing independently of others. 2. a large quantitiy. 3. essential
vouchsafe
v. 1. to grant or give, as by favor or graciousness. 2. to allow or permit
parapet
n. 1. a wall for protection. 2. a low wall or railing
peremptory
adj. 1. barring future action. 2. that which cannot be denied or changed; final
profusion
n. 1. great wastefulness. 2. a large abundance
rampart
n. 1. a defense. v. 2. to defend
redolent
adj. sweet-smelling
tumid
adj. 1. swollen. 2. pompous
plumb
adj. 1. perfectly straight down. v. 2. to solve. 3. to examine closely in order to discover or understand
gamut
n. 1. a complete range. 2. any complete musical scale
skulk
v. 1. to move in a stealthy way. 2. to avoid responsibility
attenuate
v. to thin out
torpid
adj. 1. being dormant. 2. fanatic about a belief
flux
n. 1. a flow. 2. a continual change
contrite
adj. repentant
meretricious
adj. attractive by a show of flashy or vulgar qualities; tawdry
litigate
v. to involve a lawsuit
paean
n. a song of praise or triumph
partisan
n. a person who strongly supports one view
jaded
adj. worn-out (sometimes by overuse)
plenary
adj. full, entire, absolute
imprecate
v. to pray for evil; to invoke a curse
laconic
adj. sparing or words; terse, pithy
vertigo
n. a sensation of dizziness
cloture
n. a parliamentary procedure to end debate and begin to vote
perquisite
n. a tip in addition to regular income
termagant
n. a constantly quarrelsome woman; a shrew
callow
adj. immature
knavery
n. a dishonest act
indolent
adj. not wanting to work
unalloyed
adj. pure, of high quality
artifice
n. 1. an artful device. 2. a clever trick or stratagem
epicure
n. a person who has good taste in food and drink
obeisance
n. a gesture of respect or reverence
nugatory
adj. trifling, futile, worthless, insignificant
inured
adj. 1. accustomed to pain (used w/object). 2. of use; beneficial, advantageous (w/o object)
thrifty
adj. frugal; careful with money
tutelage
n. the condition of being under a guardian or a tutor
gaffe
n. a blunder or social blunder
supplant
v. to take the place of
aggrandize
v. to make more powerful
doggerel
n. trivial, inartistic, weakly constructed verse, usually of a comic nature
transmute
v. to transform
ecclesiastic
adj. pertaining or relating to a church
ennui
n. boredom, apathy
equanimity
n. the quality of remaining calm and undisturbed
preclude
v. to prevent
fractious
adj. rebellious; apt to quarrel; unruly
vicissitude
n. unpredictable change occuring in life
forbearance
n. patience; self-restraint
vantage
n. favorable position; position allowing a clear view or understanding
quixotic
adj. 1. romantically idealistic; extravagantly chivalrous. 2. impulsive and often rashly unpredictable
germane
adj. relevant to the point
mien
n. appearance, bearing, or manner
strident
adj. creaking, harsh, grating
suppliant
adj. asking earnestly and submissively
idiosyncrasy
n. any personal peculiarity; mannerism
traduce
v. to defame or slander
purview
n. 1. the extent of something. 2. the range of insight, vision, or understanding
conviviality
n. a fondness for festiveness or joviality
preponderant
adj. to outweigh; to be superior in amount, weight, etc.; prevailing
vagary
n. an odd or eccentric action
winsome
adj. charming; sweetly attractive
parry
v. to avoid; to ward off
inculcate
v. to impress upon the mind by persisten urging
parley
v. to speak with another; to discourse
propitiate
v. to win the goodwill of
impolitic
adj. unwise, imprudent
brindled
adj. streaked or spotted with a darker color; said especially of animals' coats
behoove
v. 1. to be necessary; to be incumbent upon. 2. to be worthwhile to, as for personal profit or advantage
indemnify
v. to insure against or pay for loss or damage
cogitate
v. to think hard, ponder, meditate
stanch
v. to stop or check the flow of; to staunch
prate
v. to talk foolishly chatter
comport
v. to behave in a specified manner in order to fit in
extemporize
v. to improvise; to make it up as you go along
macerate
v. to soften by steeping in liquid
latency
n. a period of inactivity
lascivious
adj. characterized by lust
sunder
v. to separate or break apart
insipid
adj. uninteresting, boring, flat, dull
foible
n. a minor weakness of character
kith
n. relatives and acquaintances
propagate
v. to reproduce or multiply
idyll
n. a written piece of work describing a peaceful rural scene
recusant
adj. disobedient of authority
vaunted
adj. praised boastfully or excessively
salubrious
adj. promoting good health
equivocal
adj. questionable; deliberately ambiguous
serendipity
n. an apparent aptitude for making fortunate discoveries accidentally
shoal
n. a large group or crowd
swathe
v. to wrap around something; to envelop
extant
adj. still existing; refers especially to books, documents, or species of animals
succor
n. aid, assistance
lassitude
n. weariness
subsume
v. to include within a larger group
aspersion
n. slanderous statement; a damaging or derogatory criticism
stipend
n. a fixed payment
fealty
n. loyalty
baroque
adj. embellished, ornate
anaphylaxis
n. an allergic reaction
coalesce
v. to grow together; to combine
subjugate
v. to dominate or enslave
canard
n. a false statement or rumor
caprice
n. a sudden, unpredictable, or whimsical change
dank
adj. damp and chilly
charlatan
n. a person who pretends to have knowledge
inimical
adj. 1. adverse in tendency or effect; unfavorable, harmful. 2. hostile, unfriendly
cavil
v. to bicker unnecessarily
beholden
adj. indebted to
choleric
adj. ill-tempered; easily angered; irascible
munificent
adj. showing great generosity
comeliness
n. beauty; attractiveness in appearance or behavior
complaisance
n. the quality of being agreeable or eager to please
troth
n. belief, faith, fidelity
amortize
v. to liquidate or extinguish (a debt) at fixed intervals
wheedle
v. to influence or persuade by flattery
abaft
adv. on or toward the rear of a ship
curmudgeon
n. an ill-tempered person
motif
n. a repeated figure or design in architecture or decoration
carte blanche
n. unlimited authority
diatribe
n. a bitter or abusive speech
dint
n. 1. force, power, exertion. 2. a dent
disparate
adj. unequal, dissimilar, different
dissonance
n. musical discord; a mingling of inharmonious sounds; disagreement; lack of harmony
portend
v. to be an omen of; signify
ruminate
v. to consider carefully
nostrum
n. a questionable remedy
egress
n. a way out; exit
doughty
adj. brave
dowdy
adj. shabby in appearance
dregs
n. the unwanted part
effrontery
n. shameless boldness
evanescent
adj. vanishing quickly; dissipating like a vapor
froward
adj. not willing to yield or comply with what is reasonable
pied
adj. patchy in color
facsimile
n. exact copy, reproduction, replica
extol
v. to give great praise
lucent
adj. shining, translucent
fustian
n. pompous talk or writing
gauntlet
n. a protective glove
objurgate
v. to chide vehemently
proviso
n. a clause stating a condition or stipulation
stigmatize
v. to characterize or mark as disgraceful
hapless
adj. unlucky, unfortunate
despoil
v. to take everything; plunder, pillage
incursion
n. an unfriendly entry; an invasion
insolvent
adj. unable to pay debts
obviate
v. to make unnecessary
chaffing
n. good-natured teasing; banter
extricable
adj. capable of being disentangled or disengaged
lambent
adj. 1. traveling gently over a surface; flickering. 2. dealing lightly and gracefully with a subject; brilliantly playful. 3. softly bright or radiant
ligneous
adj. having the composition of wood
maculate
adj. spotted, blotched, defiled, impure (opposite: immaculate)
magnanimity
n. a quality of nobleness of mind; disdaining meanness or revenge
asperity
n. harshness or sharpness of tone, temper, or manner; severity; acrimony
contumacious
adj. resisting authority; stubbornly perverse or rebellious; willfully and obstinately disobedient
obsequious
adj. servilely attentive; fawning
avarice
n. inordinate desire for gaining and possessing wealth
lugubrious
adj. full of sorrow; mournful
maudlin
adj. foolishly and tearfully sentimental
prevaricate
v. to speak equivocally or evasively; to lie
abeyance
n. a state of temporary suspension of activity
minatory
adj. threatening, menacing
prescience
adj. knowing about something before it happens
neophyte
n. a beginner
indubitably
adv. unquestionably; surely
halcyon
adj. tranquil; happy
parsimonious
adj. very frugal; unwilling to spend
hoary
adj. whitened by age
decry
v. to denounce or condemn openly
penurious
adj. 1. stingy, miserly. 2. extremely poor, destitute
perdition
n. eternal damnation of the soul
depredation
n. the act of plundering or laying waste
endue
v. 1. to provide. 2. to put on; assume. 3. to clothe
polemic(al)
adj. controversial
homily
n. solemn moral talk; sermon
proselytize
v. to try to convert a person from one belief or religion to another
disseminate
v. to spread far and wide
prefatory
adj. of or relating to the nature of a preface; introductory
progeny
n. line of descent; descendants
malefactor
n. one who commits a crime or does evil
recumbent
adj. resting
cant
n. insincere or hypocritical statements of high ideal; the jargon of a particular group or occupation
erroneous
adj. untrue, inaccurate, not correct
retroaction
n. a reverse action
pittance
n. a small amount
ribald
adj. characterized by vulgar joking
risible
adj. amusing; causing or capable of causing laughter
roseate
adj. 1. tinged with rose; rosy. 2. bright or promising. 3. incautiously optimistic
scurrilous
adj. using vulgarity
encomium
n. a formal expression of high praise
foist
v. to falsely identify as real
deliquesce
v. to melt away
besmirch
v. 1. to dirty or discolor. 2. to detract from the honor or luster of
splenetic
adj. irritable, peevish, spiteful
contravene
v. to act contrary to; to oppose or contradict
baleful
adj. harmful
innuendo
n. an indirect remark, usually derogatory
chicanery
n. trickery or deception by quibbling or sophistry
syllogism
n. reasoning from the general to the specific
batten
v. 1. to thrive by feeding, grow fat. 2. small board of wood used to secure, reinforce, or cover
respite
n. 1. a reprieve. 2. a delay or cessation for a time. esp. of anything distressing or trying
timbre
n. the quality of sound which distinguishes one from another
turbid
adj. thick and dense; cloudy
pinioned
adj. bound
unwonted
adj. rare
iniquitous
adj. wicked, unjust
cabal
n. a group of persons joined by a secret
viscid
adj. thick, syrupy, sticky
welter
n. a confused mass; turmoil
wizened
adj. shriveled, withered
pommel
n. the rounded upward-projecting front of a saddle
thrall
n. a slave
vilify
v. to speak abusively of
errant
adj. roving in search of adventure
probity
n. integrity, honesty
ineluctable
adj. inevitable
dilettante
n. a person who takes up an art or activity merely for amusement
gerrymander
v. to gain advantage by manipulating unfairly
acrimony
n. sharpness or bitterness in language or manner
salutatory
adj. of or containing greetings
panegyric
n. a formal speech or writing praising a person or event
vociferous
adj. making a loud outcry
abominate
v. to loathe; to hate
divestiture
n. the act of stripping
deciduous
adj. shedding, temporary
sapid
adj. having a pleasant taste