Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/89

Click to flip

89 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1/23 noisome
adj.--having an unpleasant odor: fetid, foul, malodrous, reeking, stinking
1/24 dearth
n.--the condition of lacking a needed or usual amount: absence, lack, want
1/25 formidable
adj.--requiring great or extreme bodily, mental, or spiritual strength: arduous, backbreaking, burdensome, difficult, exacting, oppressive, rigorous, exigent, onerous
1/26 cacophony
n.--jarring, discordant sound: dissonance 2. the use of harsh sounds in literature composition, as for poetic effect
1/27 sedentary
adj.--characterized by or requiring much sitting; accustomed to sitting or talking
1/30 desist
v.--to cease trying to accomplish or continue: abandon, break off, discontinue, give up, leave off, quit, relinquish, stop
1/31 esoteric
adj.--beyond the understanding of an average mind: abtruse, deep, profound, recondite
2/1 turgid
adj--excessively ornate or complex in style or language: grandiloquent, overblown, windy; swollen and distended, as from a fluid: bloated, inflated, tumid
2/2 adulation
n.--excessive, ingratiating praise: blandishment, blarney, flattery, slaver
2/3 desecrate
v.-- to spoil or mar the sanctity of: defile, pollute, profane, violate
2/6 pathos
n--a quality, as of an experience or a work of art, that arouses feelings of pity, sympathy, tenderness, or sorrow; the feelings, as of sympathy or pity so aroused
2/7 relegate
v--to put in the charge of another for care, use, or performance: commend, commit, confide, consign, entrust, give(over), handover, trust, turnover
2/8 ruse
n--an indirect, usually cunning means of gaining an end: artifice, deception, device, feint, gimmick, imposture, jig, maneuver, ploy, sleight, strategem, subterfuge, trick, wile
2/9 piquant
adj--affecting the organs of taste or smell with a strong and harsh sensation: pungent, sharp, spicy, zesty
2/10 sporadic
adj--rarely occuring or appearing: infrequent, occasional, rare, scarce, uncommon, unusual; happening or appearing now and then: fitful, intermittent, periodic
2/13 erratic
adj--following no predictable pattern: capricious, changeable, fickle, mercurial, volatile; deviating from the customary: bizarre, eccentric, freakish, idiosycratic, outlandish, quaint, quirky
2/14 atrophy
n--descent to lower level or condition: descadence, decline, degeneration, deterioration v--to become lower in quality, character, or condition: decline, descend, sink, worsen
2/15 moot
adj--in doubt or dispute: arguable, contested, debatable, disputable, doubtful, problematic, questionable, uncertain
2/16 emollient
adj--softening and soothing, especially to the skin: mollifying, assuaging n--an agent or component that softens or soothes the skin
2/21 flaunt
to make a public and usually ostentatious show of: brandish, display, exhibit, expose, flash, parade, show, sport
2/22 iterate
v--to say or perform again, repeat: reiterate, repeat, restate
2/23 impalpable
adj--incapable of being apprehended by the mind or senses: imperceptable, inappreciable, indiscernable, indistinguishable, insensible, intangible, invisible, unnoticeable, unobservable
2/24 spurious
adj--1.fraudulently or deceptively imitative: bogus, conterfeit, fake, false, fraudulent, phony, sham 2.containing fundamental errors in reasoning: fallacious, illogical, invalid, specious, unsound 3.devoid of truth: counterfactual, truthless, untrue, untruthful, wrong 4.born to unmarried parents: bastard, illegitimate, misbegotten, unlawful
2/27 wary
adj--vigilantly attentive: alert, observant, open-eyed, vigilant, wakeful, watchful, wide-awake 2.trying attentively to avoid danger, risk, or error: careful, cautious, chary, circumspect, prudent
2/28 heinous
adj--disgracefully and grossly offensive: atrocious, monstrous, outrageous, scandalous, shocking
3/1 glib
adj--characterized by ready but often insincere or superficial discourse: facile, slick, smooth-tongued
3/3 salacious
adj--of, concerning, or promoting sexual love or desire: amatory, amorous, aphrodisiac, erotic, lascivious, sexy
3/6 infidel
n--1.an unbeliever with respect to a particular religion, especially Christianity or Islam 2.one who has no religious beliefs 3.one who doubts or rejects a particular doctrine system or principle
3/7 precarious
adj--1.lacking stability: infirm, insecure, shaky, tottering, tottery, unstable, unsteady, unsure, weak, wobbly 2.not physically steady or firm: rickety
3/8 jubilation
n--the act or condition of feeling an uplifting joy over a success or victory: exultance, exultation, jubilance, triumph
3/9 paucity
n--the condition or fact of being deficient: defect, deficiency, deficit, inadequacy, insufficiency, lack, poverty, scantiness, scarceness, scarcity, shortage, shortcoming, shortfall
3/10 rancor
n--a quality/state of feeling bitter: acrimony, bitterness, embitterment, gall, resentfulness, resentment
3/13 querulous
adj--having/showing a bad temper: bold-tempered, snappish, surly, testy, cantankerous, crabbed, cranky, cross, disagreeable, fretful, grouchy, ugly, waspish, grumpy, ill-tempered, irascible, nasty, peevish, petulant
3/14 tenet
n--a principle taught or advanced for belief, as by a religious or philisophical group: doctrine, dogma, teaching
3/15 vacillation
n--the act of hesitating or state of being hesitant: hesitancy, hesitation, indecision, indecisiveness, irresolution, pause, tentitiveness, shilly-shally, timidity, timidness, to-and-fro
3/16 disconsolate
adj--seeming beyond consolation, extremely dejected: cheerless, gloomy
3/17 antithesis
n--1.that which is diametrically opposed to another: antipode, antipodes, antonym, contrary, converse, counter, opposide, reverse 2.condition of being in conflict: antagonism, contradition, contradistinction, contraposition, contaverty, contrariness, opposition, polarity
3/20 immutable
adj--incapable of changing or being modified: inalterable, inflexible, invariable, ironclad, rigid, unalterable, unchangeable
3/21 upbraid
v--to criticize for a fault or an offense: admonish, call, down, castigate, chastise, chide, dress down, rebuke, reprimand
3/22 saffron
adj--orange-colored; colored like the autumn crocus
3/23 sedulous
adj--characterized by steady attention and effort: assiduous, diligent, industrious, studious
3/24 intractable
adj--1.not submitting to discipline or control: disorderly, fractious, lawless, obstrate, obstreperous, recalcitrant, refractory, uncontrollable, undisciplined, ungovernable, untoward, unmanageable, unruly, wild 2.difficult to alleviate, remedy, or cure
3/27 nib
n--1A.the sharpened point of a quill pen B.a tapered point of a pen, designed to be inserted into a penholder or fountain pen 2.sharp point or tip 3.a bird's bill or beak
3/28 sardonic
marked by or displaying contemptuous mockery of the motives or virtues of others: cynic, cynical, ironic, ironical, wry
3/29 kiosk
n--1.a small open gazebo or pavillion 2.a small structure often open on one or more sides used as a newsstand or booth 3.cylindrical structure on which advertisements are posted
3/30 embezzlement
n--the taking of someone else's property (such as money) for ones's own use: stealing
3/31 dissipate
v--1.to disappear by or as if by rising: disperse, lift, scatter 2.to cause to separate and go in various directions: dispel, disperse, scatter 3.to spend (money) excessivcely and usually foolishly: consume, fool away, fritter, squandor, throw away, waste 4.to use up foolishly or needlessly: consume, devour, squandor, waste
4/3 beguile
v--1.to please greatly or irresistably: bewitch, captivate, charm, enchant, fascinate 2.to cause to accept what is false, especially by trickery or misrepresentation: betray, bluff, cozen, decieve, delude, double-cross, dupe, fool, hoodwink, humbug, mislead, take-in, trick
4/4 schism
n--1.an interruption in friendly relations: alienation, breach, break, disaffection, estrangement, fissure, rent, rift, rupture, split 2.a state of disagreement and disharmony: clash, confrontation, contention, difference, discordance, dissention, dissent, dissidence, dissonance, faction, friction, inharmonyh, strife, variance, war, warfare 3.the condition of being divided as in opinion: disunion, disunity, divergence, divergency, division
4/5 itinerant
adj--moving forward from one area to another in search of work: migrant, migratory 2.leading the life of a person without a fixed demicile; moving from place to place: nomadic, peripatetic, vagabound, vagrant n--one who travels from place to place
4/6 conclave
n--a number of persons who have come or been gathered together: assemblage, assembly, body
4/7 amiable
adj--pleasant and friendly in disposition: affable, agreeable, congenial, cordial, genial, good-natured, good-tempered, pleasant, sociable, warm
4/10 somnolent
adj--1.inducing sleep or sedation: hypnotic, narcotic, opiate, sedative, sleepy, slumberous, soporific, 2.ready for or needing sleep: dozy, drowsy, nodding, slumbery
4/11 divest
v--1.to make bare: bare, denude, disrobe, expose, strip, uncover 2.to take or keep something away from: deprive, dispossess, rob, strip
4/12 ethical
adj--in accordance with principles of right and good conduct: moral, principled, proper, right, righteous, rightful, right-minded, virtuous
4/18 lexicon
n--1.specialized expressions indigenous to a particular field, subject, trade, or subculture: argot, dialect, idiom, jargon, language, lingo, patois, terminology, vernacular, vocabulary 2.all the words of a language: vocabulary 3.an alphabetical list of words often defined or translated: dictionary, glossary, vocabulary, wordbook
4/19 aesthetic
adj--showing good taste: artistic, tasteful
4/20 suffuse
v--to cause to be filled, as with a particular mood or tone: charge, freight, imbue, impregnate, permeate, pervade, saturate, transfuse
4/21 epitome
n--a summary, condensed account: abridgement, abstract, brief, condensation, synopsis; something that represents a larger reality
4/24 dictum
n--an authoritative, often formal pronouncement
4/25 junta
n--1.a group of people joined in political intrigue: cabal 2.military officers ruling a country after seizing power
4/26 orifice
n--an open space allowing passage: aperture, hole, vent, opening, mouth, outlet
4/27 lagoon
n--a shallow body of water near a sea; lake
4/28 fallow
adj--existing in a temporarily inactive form or state: abeyant, inactive, latent, quiescent, dormant, sleeping
5/1 mnemonic
adj--relating to, assisting, or intended to assist the memory n--device, such as a formula or rhyme, used as an aid in remembering
5/2 buxom
adj--having a full, voluptuous figure: curvaceous, curvy, shapely, well-developed
5/3 harrow
n--a farm implement consisting of a heavy frame with sharp teeth used to break up ground v--to break up soil, to inflict great distress: torment, upset, frighten, torture
5/4 martinet
n--1.a rigid military disciplinarian 2.one who impses or favors absolute obedience to authority: authoritarian, autocrat, despot, dictator, totalitarian, tyrant
5/5 fiasco
n--something that fails completely: bust, failure, loss, washout
5/8 fortnight
n--a time span of 14 days; 2 weeks
5/9 incursion
n--an act of invading, especially by military forces: foray, inroad, invasion, raid
5/10 ductile
adj--easily altered or influenced: elastic, flexible, impressionable, malleable, plastic, pliable, pliant, suggestible, supple 2.capable or being shaped, bent, or drawn out, as by hammering or pressure: moldable, workable
5/11 flaccid
adj--lacking in stiffness or firmness: flabby, floppy, limp
5/15 rudimentary
adj--of or treating the most basic aspects: basic, beginning, elementary
5/16 dilate
v-to make wider or larger, cause to expand; to become wider or larger: expand; to express at greater length or in greater detail: amplify, develop, elaborate, enlarge
5/17 brigand
n--a robber or bandit, expecially on of an outlaw band
5/18 opulence
n--1.wealth; affluence 2.great abundance, profusion
5/19 bumptious
adj--crudely or loudly assertive: pushy, assuming, assumptive, audacious, bold, boldfaced, brash, brazen, cheeky, familiar, forward, impertinent, impudent, insolent, nervy, overconfidant, pert, presuming, presumptuous, saucy, smart
5/22 chauvinism
n--1.militant devotion to and glorification of one's country; fanatical patriotism 2.prejudiced belief in the superiority of one's own gender, group, or kind
5/23 aborigine
n--a member of the indigenous or earliest know population of a region; a native; a member of the indigenous people of Australia; the flora or fauna native to a geographical area
5/24 agnostic
n--one who believes it is impossible to know whethere there is a God; one who is skeptical about the existence of God, but doesn't preach atheism; one who is doubtful or noncommittal about something adj--relating to or being agnostic; doubtful or uncommittal
5/25 ascendant
n--a person from whom one is descended: ancestor, antecedent, father, forbear, progenitor adj--having pre-eminent significance: dominant, predominant, prevailing, ruling, supreme
5/25 vainglorious
adj--thinking too highly of oneself: concieted, egotistical, narcissistic, vain
5/26 enervate
v--to lessen or deplete the nerve, energy, or strength of: attenuate, debilitate, devitalize, enfeeble, sap, undermine, undo, unnerve, weaken
5/26 stringent
adj--1.imposing rigorous standards of performance 2.constricted, tight 3.characterized by scarcity of money, credit restrictions, or other financial strain
5/26 talisman
n--a small object worn or kept for its supposed magical power: amulet, charm, fetish, juju
5/30 sylvan
adj--relating to or characteristic of woods or forest regions; locating in or inhabiting a wood or forest; wooded n--one who lives in or frequents the woods
5/30 venial
adj--admitting of forgiveness or pardon: excusable, forgivable, pardonable
5/31 phial
n--small bottle, vial