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40 Cards in this Set

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flashback
going back to an earlier time (in a story) for the purpose of making something in the present clearer
metaphor
compares two ideas without using "like" or "as"
symbol
a person, place, thing, or event used to represent something else in literature
personification
a literary device in which the author speaks of or describes an animal, object, or idea as if it were a person
simile
compares two ideas using "like" or "as"
satire
a literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human vice of weakness, often with the intent of correcting, or changing, the subject of the satiric attack
foreshadow
to give hints of what is to come later in a story
irony
using a word or phrase to mean the exact opposite of it's literal or normal meaning
verbal irony
the writer say one thing and means another
dramatic irony
the reader or audience sees the mistakes of misunderstandings of the character, but he character does not
irony of situation
there is a great difference between the purpose of an action and the result
theme
statement about life a particular work is trying to get across to the reader
protagonist
hero of the story, main character
antagonist
person or thing working against the protagonist of the work
narration
writing that relates an event or a series of events: a story
static character
character who doesn't change
dynamic character
character that changes
round character
complex character
flat character
simple character
climax
the turning point, and usually the most intense point, of a story
point of view
the vantage point from which a story is told
omniscient point of view
the storyteller's knowledge extends to the internal states of all of the characters
first person point of view
told by one of the characters
third person point of view
toldy by someone outside of the story
setting
the time and place in which the action of a literary work occurs
exposition
writing intended ot make clear, or explain, something that might otherwise be difficuolt to understand; may be background info in a play or novel
alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds
characterization
the method an author uses to reveal or describe characters and their various personalities
direct characterization
when the author states a character's traits explicitly
indirect characterization
when the author reveals a character's traits by other means
conflict
the problem or struggle in a story that triggers the action
internal conflict
the struggle is within a character
external conflict
the struggle is between a character and an other force
connotation
the sense suggested or implied beyond a word's literal meaning
denotation
the exact, specific meaning, independent of other associations the word calls to mind
epiphany
describes a moment of revelation or insight in which a characterrecognizes some truth
imagery
the words or phrases a writer selects to create a certain picture in the reader's mind...usually based on sensory details
oxymoron
a combination of contradictory terms
persona
the voice or personality an author assumes for a particular purpose. It is the character who speaks to the readers (and who may or may not be anything like the author)
tone
the overall feeling, or effect, created by a writer's use of words