• Shuffle
Toggle On
Toggle Off
• Alphabetize
Toggle On
Toggle Off
• Front First
Toggle On
Toggle Off
• Both Sides
Toggle On
Toggle Off
Front

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

Play button

Play button

Progress

1/7

Click to flip

7 Cards in this Set

• Front
• Back
 What are some of the difficulties of obtaining data to measure real estate investment performance? It is difficult obtaining data to measure real estate investment performance because properties do not sell frequently like stocks and bonds. Also, when properties do sell, the sale price is generally not publicly available. This makes it difficult to compare the investment performance with stocks and bonds. What are the distinguishing characteristics between REIT data and the NCREIF Property Index? The NCREIF index measures the investment performance of real estate by using appraised values (rather than actual sale prices) for properties held by institutional investors that are members of the National Council of Real Estate Investment Fiduciaries (NCREIF). Because REITs are publicly traded, actual transactions prices are available for these stocks. Because REITs are operating companies, however, their value reflects both the performance of properties held by the REIT, as well as, the ability of the REIT’s management to operate the company successfully What is the difference between arithmetic and geometric mean returns? The arithmetic mean adds the returns that occur over time and divides the sum by the total number of returns. The geometric mean is calculated by add one to each return and taking the product of the returns that occur over time. The geometric mean is the nth root of this product. The geometric mean is considered more appropriate in measuring the mean (i.e., average) of rates of return that occur over time. What statistical concept do many portfolio managers use to represent risk when considering investment performance? The standard deviation (square root of the variance) of returns is typically used as a measure of risk. What is the difference between covariance and correlation? Why are these concepts so important in portfolio analysis? Correlation is calculated by dividing the covariance of two returns by the product of the standard deviation of the two returns. Both measure the degree to which returns move together over time. The advantage of the correlation coefficient is that it always ranges from -1 to +1 which makes it easier to compare for different investment alternatives. Why should an investor consider investing globally? Investor should consider investing globally because by doing so it can diversify portfolio risk and hence will be able to achieve higher return for the same level of risk or same return with lower level of risk. What are the risks of global investment? Some of the risks associated with global investing are: government instability in host country, political issues, different rules and regulations, and change in exchange rates.