Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/10

Click to flip

10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Kahrilas et al. 1992
Pahryngeal Clearance During Swallowing: A combined Manometric and Videofluoroscopic Study --
There are two components of the deglutitve pharyngeal contraction:
longitudinal shortening w/consequential laryngeal elevation

aborally propagated, lumen-obliterating horizontal contraction
Karhilas et a. 1992
Pahryngeal Clearance During Swallowing: A combined Manometric and Videofluoroscopic Study --
The interval b/t opening and closing events increased proportionately with:
bolus volume
Jones et al 1985
Pahryngoesophageal Interrelationships: Observations and Working Concepts --
Cricopharyngeal _ may be the clue to esophageal disease.
prominence
Jones et al 1985
Pahryngoesophageal Interrelationships: Observations and Working Concepts --
"high dysphagia" is:
localized in the neck
Kirchener 1967
Pharyngeal and Esophageal Dysfunction --
Valsalva Maneuver
A forced expiratory effort against a closed mouth and nose
Logemann, Pauloski, Rademaker, et al 2000
Temporal and Biomechanical Characteristics of Oropharyngeal Swallow in Younger and Older Men

Summary
Compared young men (b/t 21 & 29) to old men (80-94)

Older men had a longer pharyngeal delay and a faster onset of posterior pharyngeal wall movt, reduced maximum vertical and anterior hyoid movt

Reduced muscular reserve in older men, less width of cricopharyngeal opening (=less UES flexibility)
Logemann, Pauloski, Rademaker, et al 2000
Temporal and Biomechanical Characteristics of Oropharyngeal Swallow in Younger and Older Men

Older men have earlier onset of:
base of tongue movt, posterior pharyngeal wall movt, laryngeal closure, and bolus reaching the pyriform sinus in relation to first cricopharyngeal opening than younger men.
Logemann, Pauloski, Rademaker, et al 2000
Temporal and Biomechanical Characteristics of Oropharyngeal Swallow in Younger and Older Men

_ is the leading cause of death in individuals over 80
pneumonia
Jacob, Kahrilas, Logemann, Shah and Ha 1989
UES Opening and Modulation During Swallow --

Transsphincteric transport of increasing swallow bolus volumes is accomplished by modulating sphingter:
diameter
opening interval
flow rate
Jacob, Kahrilas, Logemann, Shah and Ha 1989
UES Opening and Modulation During Swallow --
True or False
UES opening is an active mechanical event rather than simply a consequence of cricopharyngeal relaxation.
True