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80 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Sexuality
The set of beliefs, values, and behaviors by which one defines oneself as a sexual being
Sex
Being biologically male or female; also, sexual activity or behavior
Incest Taboo
The nearly universal societal prohibition of intercourse between parents and children and between siblings
DINS Dilemma
Inhibited or hypoactive sexual desire in couples with many demands on their time. DINS stands for double income, no sex.
Gender Identity
A person's internal sense of being female or male, which is expressed in personality and behavior
Gender Role
The traits and behaviors assigned to males or females by a culture
Gender-Role Stereotype
A rigid, simplistic belief about the distinctive psychological characteristics and behavioral patterns attributable to a man or woman based exclusively on sex
Masculinity
A gender-linked constellation of personality traits and behvioral patterns traditionally associated with males in a society
Feminity
A gender-linked constellation of personality traits and behvioral patterns traditionally associated with females in a society
Androgeny
A blending of traditionally masculine and traditionally feminine personality characteristics and role behaviors in one person; the absence of sex-typing with regard to roles
Gender-Polarization
The organizing of social life according to male and female gender-role distinctions
Equalitarian Roles
Social equaluty between the sexes; equal sharing of practical responsibilities and decision making by men and women
Social Learning Theory
A psychological theory of development that focuses on learning through observation, imitation, and reinforcement
Cognitive Development Theory
A model of child development that views growth as the mastery of specific ways of perceiving, thinking, and doing; growth occurs at discrete stages
Power
The ability of an individual in a social system to change the behavior of other members of the system through will, influence, or control
Family Power
The ability of one family member to change the behavior of other family members
Resource Theory of Family Power
A theory that the balance of power in a marriage is related to the relative resources (especially money, level of education, and occupational prestige) each spouse has in the relationship
Husband-Dominant Power Pattern
A power pattern in a marriage in which the man is the boss
Wife-Dominant Power Pattern
A power pattern in a marriage in which the woman is the boss
Syncratic Power Pattern
A power pattern in a marriage in which both partners share authoirty euqually and make decisions jointly
Autonomic Power Pattern
A power pattern in a marriage in which both partners have about equal authority but in different areas of life; both make decisions in their particular domains independent of each other
Symmetrical Interaction
A style of communication in which partners send similar messages designed to control how the relationship is defined
Competitive Symmetry
A style of communication in which partners attempt to control the situation and the other by escalating the level of hostilities in a competitive nature
Submissive Symmetry
A style of communication in which each participant tries to give control of the situation and responsibility for it, to the other
Neutralized Symmetry
A style of communication in which partners respect each other, approach each other as equals, and avoid exerting control over each other
Complementary Interaction
A style of communication in which the partners adopt two different tactics: one is dominant and one is submissive
Goals
Specific, achievable objectives or purposes
Personal Coping Resources
Qualities that help people deal with stressors across the life cycle, such as an individual's self-esteem and mastery
Family Coping Resources
Resources of a healthy family system on wich the family can draw in times of stress, including cohesion, adaptability, and a willingness to adopt nontraditional family roles in the face of changing exonomic circumstances
Saver
A person whose money-handeling style is characterized by compulsive saving, often to the point of having little money free for the essentials
Spender
A person whose money-handling stype is characterized by a love of purchasing items for herself or himself as well as for others
Resources
Assets that can be used to achieve goals; economic, human, and environmental tools
Values
Personal, lasting, deeply held basic beliefs about what is good, desirabl, and important in life
Budgeting
The regular, systematic balancing of income and expenses
Bankruptcy
The state of being financially insolvent or unable to pay one's bills
Passion Cluster
One of two groups of characteristics that distinguish romantic relationships from friendships; includes fascination, sexual desire, and exclusiveness
Caring Cluster
One of two groups of characterics that distinguish romantic relationships from friendships; includes being an advocate for one's partner and giving the utmost
Commitment
Attachment to another. One of the six major qualities identified by researchers wrking within the family strengths framework; also, the cognitive component of Sternberg's three dimensions of love
Intimacy
Sharing intellectually, physically, and/or emotionally with another person; the emotional component of Sternberg's three dimensions of love
Passion
Intense physiolocial arousal; the motivational component of Sternberg's three dimensions of love
Non-Love
A type of love relationship characterized by the absence of commitment, intimacy, and passion
Liking
A type of love relationship characterized by intimacy but lacking passion and commitment
Infatuation
A type of love relationship characterized by passion and lacking both intimacy and commitment
Empty Love
A type of love relationship involving commitment but no passion of intimacy
Romantic Love
A type of love relationship characterized by intimacy and passion but lacking commitment
Fatuous Love
A type of love relationship in whcih commitment is based on passion but in which there has not yet been time to develop true intimacy
Companionate Love
A type of love relationship characterized by commitment and intimacy but lacking intense passion; common between partners who have been together for many years
Consummate Love
A type of love relationship characterized by commitment, intimacy, and passion
Jealously
The condition of being resentful and suspicious of a rival
Intimate Experience
An experience in which one feels close to another or shares oneself in one area of life, such as intellectually, socially, emotionally, or sexually
Intimate Relationship
A partnership involving an emotional bond between two people, with proven mutual commitment and trust, that provides personal and relationship security and rewards; a relationship in which one shares intimate experiences in several areas of life over time, with expectations that this sharing will continue
ENRICH
A comprehensive marital inventory containing 125 questions in categories that are relevant to married couples and their satisfaction with their relationship. ENRICH = ENriching Relationship Issues, Communication, and Happiness
Destructive Intimacy Games
Games that reduce intimacy because people are often unaware of the game, do not volutarily participate, and are often manipulated to behave in certain ways
Zero-Sum Game
A game in which one side's margin victory equals the other side's margin of defeat, producing a final sum of zero; what one person wins, the other loses
Constructive Intimacy Games
Games, or exercises, designed to increase intimacy in a relationship; people participate oluntarily, and they know the rules and goals of the game
Singlehood
The state of being unmarried, divorced, or unattached to another person
Parent Arranged Marriage
A pracrice, common in non-industrialized societies, in which the parents of the bride and groom select the future spouse and arrange the marriage ceremony. Based on the priciple that the elders in a community have the wisdom to select an appropriate spouse, this type of marriage generally extends existing family units rather than creating new units
Dating
A form of coutship involving a series of appointed meetings for social interaction and activities during which a exclusive relationship may evolve between two people
Permissiveness
The extent to which couples are physically intimate before marriage
Double Standard
Different standards of appropriate sexual and social behavior for the two sexes; the belief that premarital is more acceptable for males than for females
Mating Gradient
The tendency of women to marry men who are better educated or more successful than they are
Sex Ratio
The relationship between the number of men and the number of women at a given age
Endogamy
The practice of choosing a mate from within one's own ethnic, religious, socioeconomic, or general age group
Homogamy
The tendency to marry someone of the same ethnic group, educational level, socioeconomic status, religion, and values
Complementary Needs Theory
The supposition that people are attracted to partners whose personalities differ from but complement their own. Family researchers have not found much support for this theory
Propinquity
Nearness in time or place; in mate selection, the tendency to choose someone who is geographically nearby
Rapport
The process of communication in which two people develop understanding and a sense of closeness
Linus Blanket
A type of cohabitating relationship in which one of the partners is so dependent or insecure that he or she prefers a relationship with anyone to being alone
Emancipation
A type of cohaiting relationship based on the desire to bresk free of parental values and influence rather than on love
Convenience
A type of cohabiting relationship in which one partner takes and the other gives. A relationship of convenience is usually based on sexual, caretaking, economic, or social needs rather than on love
Testing
A type of cohabiting relationship undertaken as a trial in a situation closely resembling marriage
Palimony
"Equitable relief" (alimony) granted by a ourt to a cohabiting partner; legal precendent established in Marvin v. Marvin (19790
PREPARE
A comprehensive premarital inventory that asesses a couple's relationship and determines how idealistic or realistic each person is in regard to marriage, how well a couple resolves conflicts and financial issues; acronym for PRE-marital, Personal, And, Relationship, Evaluation
Family of Origin
The family in which a pewrson is raised during childhood
Vitalized Couple
A type of premarital and married couple characterized by many couple strengths, high marital satisfaction, and a low risk of divorce
Harmonious Couple
A type of premarital and married couple characterized by many couple strengths, relationship statisfaction, and a low risk of divorce
Traditional Couple
A type of premarital and married couple characterized by some external strengths (such as religion and friends) but fewerinternal strengths (such as communication and conflict-resolution skills)
Conflicted Couple
A type of premarital and married couple characterized by few relationship strengths, low levels of relationship satisfaction, and a high risk of divorce
Devitalized Couple
The unhappiest type of married couple; characterized by few couple strengths and the highest risk for divorce
Community Marriage Policy
Designed to bring clergy members, judges, marital therapists, and others together to support a variety of premarital and marital enrichment programs to help improve marriages