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100 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Renal mass lesions
solid tumors
cysts
lobar nephronia
abscess
XGP
duplicated collecting system
fetal lobulation
dromedary hump
column of Bertin
hematoma
Solid renal neoplasm
RCC
oncocytoma
adenoma
AML
TCC
mets (lung, colon, melanoma, RCC)
lymphoma
Wilms
mesoblastic nephroma
nephroblastomatosis
MFH
Cystic renal masses
cystic RCC
multilocular cystic nephroma
cystic Wilms
cystic mets
cortical cysts
localized cystic disease
medullary cystic disease
ADPKD
VHL
TS
endstage renal failure
hemorrhagic or infected cyst
hydronephrosis/duplicated system
renal artery aneurysm
abscess
Hyperechoic renal mass
AML
RCC
milk of calcium cyst
nephritis
hematoma
infarction
mimics (renal sinus fat, duplicated collecting system)
Renal sinus mass
TCC
RCC
lymphoma
papilloma
renal artery aneurysm
reanl sinus hemorrhage
complicated parapelvic cyst
Wedge-shaped renal lesion
renal mets
infarction
lobar nephritis
Infiltrative renal disease
TCC
mets
lymphoma
infarction
pyelonephritis
XGP
Diffusely hyperechoic kidneys
glomerulonephritis
DM
HTN
AIDS nephropathy
SLE
vasculitis
ATN
HUS
multiple myeloma
endstage renal failure
medullary or cortical nephrocalcinosis
ARPKD
pyelo
Goodpastures
Sickle cell
Glycogen storage disease
Renal calcifications
cysts
RCC
TB
medullary nephrocalcinosis
cortical nephrocalcinosis
calculi
papillary necrosis
brucelliosis
Fat in kidney
AML
lipoma
replacement lipomatosis
liposarcoma
teratoma
Hypoechoic perirenal fat
normal variant
perirenal hemorrhage
cyst rupture
SLE
PAN
Filling defect in collecting system
TCC
papilloma
leukoplakia
malakoplakia
blood clot
sloughed papillae
calculus
fungus ball
vascular impression
overlying bowel gas
Papillary necrosis
POSTCARD
-pyelonephritis
-obstruction
-sickle cell
-TB
-cirrhosis
-analgesics
-RVT
-DM
Delayed (persistent nephrogram)
RAS
hypotension
acute glomerulonephritis
ATN/contrast reaction
acute cortical necrosis
tubular precipitation
actue interstitial nephritis/antibiotics
papillary necrosis
RVT
obstruction
Striated nephrogram
CHOIR BOY
-Contusion
-Hypotension
-Obstruction
-Intratubular obstruction
-RVT
-Bacterial pyelonephritis
-Obstruction
-cYstic diseases

medullary sponge kidney
Large kidney with spindled calyces
lymphoma
leukemia
pyelonephritis
acute RA occlusion
acute RVT
acute obstruction
Normal sized kidney with spindled calyces
mutiple cysts (parapelvic or peripelvic)
renal sinus lipomatosis
Hypodense rim
acute cortical necrosis
perinephric lymphoma
Subcapsular rim sign
infarct
ATN
RVT
Extracalyceal contrast - striations
medullary sponge kidney
early papillary necrosis
pyelosinus or pyelovenous backflow in obstruction
interstitial edema
Extracalyceal contrast - focal collections
late papillary necrosis
calyceal diverticulum
cavity from cyst rupture
abscess
Dilated calyces/collecting system
obstruction
papillary necrosis
congenital megacalyces
calyceal diverticulum
reflux
Bilaterally enlarged kidneys
ADPKD
lymphoma
glomerulonephritis
HIV
amyloid
bilateral RVT
Bilaterally small kidneys
chronic inflammation
bilateral RAS
chronic reflux
ESRD
Unilateral renal atrophy (smooth)
chronic ischemia (RAS, RVT)
postobstructive atrophy
renal hypoplasia
chronic subcapsular hematoma
radiation
Unilateral renal atrophy (irregular)
reflux nephropathy
analgesic nephropathy
DM
Renal TB
parenchymal calcs
putty kidney
papillary necrosis
tuberculoma
scarring
mucosal irregularity
infundibular stenosis
amputated calyx
corkscrew ureter
purse-string stenosis of renal pelvis
pipestem ureter
calculi
small contracted thick-walled bladder
urethral fistulas (watering can perineum)
Hypercalcemia
parathyroid adenoma or hyperplasia
Addison disease
milk alkali
sarcoid
carcinomatosis
HPT
myeloma
immobilization
vitD
thiazides
Cortical nephrocalcinosis
chronic glomerulonephritis
cortical necrosis (pregnancy, shock, sepsis, toxins)
AIDS nephropathy
Alports
oxalosis
chronic transplant rejection
Medullary nephrocalcinosis
HPT
RTA
medullary sponge kidney
papillary necrosis
Lasix therapy in kids
hypercalcemia
oxalosis
Renal vein thrombosis
RCC
Wilms
lymphoma
TCC
adrenal CA
gonadal CA
pancreatic CA
extraluminal compression by retroperitoneal tumor
membranous glomerulonephritis
SLE
amyloid
hypercoagulable state
extension of ovarian vein or IVC thrombosis
trauma
surgery
transplant complication
dehydration in kids
Dilated ureter (>8mm)
primary megaureter (functional)
ureteral stricture
calculus
BOO
urethral stricture
reflux
diuresis
Ureteral stricture
TCC/SCC
mets
LAD
TB (corkscrew appearance)
schistosomiasis
crohns
PID
ectopic ureterocele
primary megaureter
congenital stenosis
amyloid
morphine, methysergide (RPF)
iatrogenic
radiation
aneurysm
ovarian vein syndrome
lymphocele
crossing vessel
RPF
Multiple ureteral filling defects (wall)
ureteritis cystica (more common in upper ureter)
vascular impressions
multiple papillomas
melanoma mets
submucosal hemorrhage
fibroepithelial polyp
Multiple ureteral filling defects (luminal - acute angles)
calculi
blood clot
sloughed papilla
fungas ball
air bubbles
TCC
Ureteral diverticula
congenital
pseudodiverticulosis
TB
Deviated ureters - lateral
bulky RP LAD
primary RP tumors
RP fluid collection
aneurysm
malrotated kidney
ovarian or uterine mass
Deviated ureters - medial
posterior bladder diverticulum
fibroids
RP fibrosis
postoperative
enlarged prostate
retrocaval ureter (only on R side)
Bladder wall thickening (>5mm)
TCC
lymphoma
radiation
cytoxan
infection
IBD
appendicitis
diverticulitis
BPH
PUV
ectopic ureterocele
urethral stricture
neurogenic
Bladder neoplasm
TCC
SCC
adenocarcinoma
leiomyoma
pheochromocytoma
mets (melanoma, prostate)
lymphoma
urachal adenoCA (dome)
Risk factors for TCC
smoking
cytoxan
radiation
interstitial nephritis
aniline dyes
phenacetin
Risk factors for SCC
Schistosomiasis
calculi
chronic infection
leukoplakia
Risk factors for bladder adenocarcinoma
bladder exstrophy
urachal remnent
cystitis glandularis
Bladder filling defect
TCC
SCC
mets
leiomyoma
endometriosis
polyps
PID
Schistosomiasis
fungus ball
leukoplakia
malacoplakia
cystitis cystica
cystitis glandularis
calculi
blood clot
BPH
foreign body
ureterocele
pseudoureterocele
adjacent inflammatory process
amyloid
Bladder wall calcifications
SCRITT
-Schistosomiasis
-cytoxan
-radiation
-interstitial cystitis
-TB
-TCC
Air in bladder
instrumentation
catheter
bladder fistula (diverticulitis, Crohns, colon CA)
emphysematous cystitis (DM)
Teardrop bladder
normal variant
iliopsoas hypertrophy
hematoma
abscess
lymphoma
pelvic lipomatosis
RP fibrosis
IVC obstruction
Bladder fistulas
diverticulitis
Crohns
CA
surgery
radiation
Bladder diverticula
congenital (Hutch, urachal)
acquired (BOO)
Bladder rupture
trauma
radiation
tumor
cystitis
neurogenic bladder
"Female prostate"
urethral diverticulum
urethral tumor
periurethritis
pubic bone lesion
Urethral stricture
GC
trauma
iatrogenic
Adrenal masses
adenoma
mets (esp small cell)
pheochromocytoma
lymphoma
neuroblastoma
carcinoma
hemangioma
myelipoma
lipoma
simple cyst
pseudocyst from hemorrhage
hemorrhage
TB
Wolman's disease
Bilateral adrenal masses
hemorrhage
mets
lymphoma
bilateral pheo (MEN2, VHL, NF)
TB
Histo
adenomas
hyperplasia
Adrenal calcifications
neuroblastoma
pheochromocytoma
carcinoma
myelolipoma
hemangioma
TB
histo
meningococcemia
hemorrhage
Wolmans
Addisons
cyst
Adrenal pseudotumors
gastric fundus
varices
tortuous splenic artery
pancreatic tail
medial splenic lobulation
Large retroperitoneal mass
hematoma
abscess
adenopathy from lymphoma or mets
liposarcoma
leiomyosarcoma
MFH
neurogenic tumor
germ cell tumor
Retroperitoneal hematoma
anticoagulation
trauma
iatrogenic
ruptured AAA
RCC
AML
Retroperitoneal air
trauma (perforation)
ERCP
emphysematous pyelonephritis
Retroperitoneal abscess
pancreatitis
renal inflammatory disease
osteomyelitis
Retroperitoneal fibrosis
idiopathic
methysergide
radiation
surgery
lymphoma
mets
retroperitoneal fluid
inflammation from other organs
Clubbed calyx
papillary necrosis
reflux nephropathy
chronic obstruction
Notched ureters
RAS
RVT
ovarian vein thrombosis
Syndromes with renal cysts
VHL
TS
Meckel Gruber
Zellweger
Jeune
Trisomy 13
Absent nephrogram
vascular pedicle injury/trauma
thromboembolism (afib, sickle cell)
renal artery dissection
XGP
Renal mass - ball
RCC
lymphoma
oncocytoma
MLCN
AML
Mets
focal/tumefactive XGP
Renal mass - Bean
lymphoma
SCC
TC
Medullary carcinoma
mets (usually SCC)
infection
infarct
nephroblastomatosis
Renal mets
melanoma
breast
colon
lung
Abnormal High RI (>.07-0.8)
RVT
acute rejection
ATN
pyelo (CMV)
extrarenal fluid (urinoma)
Hypoechoic renal mass
cyst
lymphoma
RCC
infection
infarct
contusion/hematoma
Hyperechoic renal mass
RCC
hyperdense cyst
AML
focal XGP
hematoma
infarct
pyelo
Renal "microlithiasis"
PCP
CMV
MAI
Diffuse renal enlargement
infiltrating tumor
HIV
ADKD
glycogen storage
pyelo
XGP
RVT
glomerulonephritis
ATN
ACN
Unilateral renal enlargement
RVT
arterial occlusion
pyelo
obstruction
duplicated system
compensatory hypertrophy
Ureter wall calcification
amyloid
TB
schisto
malacoplakia
Ureter and bladder wall calcification
amyloid
TB
schisto
Benign bladder tumors
leiomyoma
hemangioma
neurofibroma
endometriosis
pheo
Bladder outlet obstruction - adult
BPH
tumor (TCC, prostate)
stone
ureterocele
urethral stricture
neurogenic
Bladder outlet obstruction - child
PUV
ureterocele
urethral stricture
prune belly
megacystis microcolon
Bladder wall calcification
TB
schisto
amyloid
rarely TCC
alk encrust cystitis
cysclophosphamide cystitis
XRT
Small bladder capacity
neurogenic
XRT
cyclophosphamide
alkaline encrustation cystitis
interstitial cystitis
TB
schisto
cystitis cystica
Para prostatic cysts
midline: prostatic utricle
paramedian: muellerian duct, ejac duct, BPH cyst
lateral: sem ves cyst, retention cyst
T2 hypointensity peripheral zone (hypoechoic prostate nodule is same diff dx)
cancer
BPH
prostatitis
hemorrhage after biopsy
Hypoechoic testicular mass
tumor
mets
epididymo-orchitis
infarct
abscess
hematoma
adrenal rests
Intratesticular cyst
simple
dilated rete testes
tunica cyst
cystic teratoma
echinococcus
neoplasm
Extratesticular mass
epididymitis
spermatocele
epididymal cyst
hydrocele
pyocele
hematocele
varicocele
hernia
adenomatoid tumor
Scrotal and testicular Ca+
old hematoma
granulomatous disease
old infection
microlithiasis
old infarct
epidermoid cyst
testicular tumor and burned out tumor
scrotal pearls (extratesticular)
Bright T1W adnexal mass
teratoma/dermoid
hemorrhagic cyst
endometrioma
lipoma
liposarcoma
Myometrial mass on MRI
fibroid
focal adenomyosis
polyp
endometrial cancer
Uterine fluid collection
menses
pregnancy
endometritis/PID
endometrial cancer
cervical cancer
XRT
fibroids
cervical stenosis
hydrometrocolpos (congenital stenosis)
Female GU Ca+
fibroid
dermoid
cystadenoma
cystadenocarcinoma
TB salpingitis
lithopedion
chronic ovarian torsion
Thick endometrial stripe
endometrial cancer
polyps
hyperplasia
tamoxifen
Uterine/vaginal cysts
hyperplasia
adenomyosis
GTD
gardners (upper, anterolateral)
Bartholins (labia, posterolateral)
Nabothian
hydrometrocolpos
Adnexal mass
functional cyst
hemorrhagic cyst
endometrioma
ectopic pregnancy
TOA
neoplasm
teratoma
PCOS
torsion
hydrosalpinx
pedunculated fibroid
Hydrosalpinx
PID/salpingitis
TB
tubal ligation
endometriosis
tubal adenomyosis
tumor (fallopian)
HSG diverticula
isthmus (SIN)
uterus (adenomyosis)
Urethral tic
syringocele
diverticulum
anterior valve
tumor
trauma
infection (TB, Gono)
Urethral stricture
infection
instrumentation
trauma
tumor
BXO
Retroperitoneal tumors
lymphoma
mets (testicular, mets)
teratoma/germ cell tumor
sarcoma
neural (pheo, ganglioneuroma, etc)
nodes (TB, MAI)
Low attenuation retroperitoneal lymph nodes
testicular cancer (teratocarcinoma)
epidermoid carcinoma
lymphoma
leiomyosarcoma
whipples
MAI