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34 Cards in this Set

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What 2 types of contrast media are utilized to make the GI tract visible radiographically?
Radiolucent and Radiopaque
Radiolucent contrast media is also called________.
Negative contrast media
Swallowed air, CO2 gas crystals, and the normally present gas bubble in the stomach are what type of contrst media?
Radiolucent or negative contrast media(diagnostic agents)
A mixture of barium sulfate and water forms a_________, not a solution. Why?
colloidal suspension, because barium sulfate never dissolves in the water.
Calcium citrate or magnesium citrate crystals are also called what?
CO2 gas crystals(radiolucent or negative contrast media)
What does a double contrast mean?
Combination of negative and positive media.
What is nitrogen-containing waste products of metabolism excreted by the kidney's filtration system or high blood plasma levels indicate poor filtration by the kidneys?
Creatinine
What is a nonuniform mixture of 2 or more substances, one of which is composed of larger-than-molecule-sized particles that have a tendency to cluster together?
a suspension
The body absorbs x-ray photons according to the various tissue______ ______ and the amount of matter per volume of tissue.
atomic numbers
Radiopaque contrast agents are also called_____.
Postive contrast agents
UGI
Quantity of Barium Oral-
Newborn-1 year
2 to 4 oz.
UGI
Quantity of Barium Oral
1 to 3 years old
4 to 6 oz.
UGI
Quantity of Barium Oral
3 to 10 years old
6 to 12 oz.
UGI
Quantity of Barium Oral
> 10 years old
12 to 16 oz.
UGI
Quantity of Barium Oral-
Newborn-1 year
1 to 3 years old
3 to 10 years old
> 10 years old

SMALL BOWEL?
2 to 4 oz.
4 to 6 oz.
6 to 12 oz.
12 to 16 oz.

at least 16 oz.
List what is included in the alimentary canal.
Oral cavity
pharynx
esophagus
stomach
duodenum & small intestine(bowel)
large intestine(bowel)
List the accessory organs to the alimentary canal.
Salivary glands-3pair
(parotoid,submandibular,& sublingual)
pancreas
liver
gallbladder
What is another name for an Esphogram?
Barium swallow
Name the 3 functions of the alimentary canal.
Intake & digest
absorb
eliminate
What is mastication?
chewing
List what is included in the alimentary canal.
Oral cavity
pharynx
esophagus
stomach
duodenum & small intestine(bowel)
large intestine(bowel)
List the accessory organs to the alimentary canal.
Salivary glands-3pair
(parotoid,submandibular,& sublingual)
pancreas
liver
gallbladder
What is another name for an Esphogram?
Barium swallow
Name the 3 functions of the alimentary canal.
Intake & digest
absorb
eliminate
What is mastication?
chewing
What is deglutition?
Swallow
What size(approx.) is the esophagus?
10" x 3/4"
or
25cm x 2 cm
What level(approx) on the spine does the esophagus run?
C5/6 to T11
At what level of the spine does the esophagus pierce through the diaphragm?
Approx. at T10
The esophagus has to indentions, name them.
Aortic Arch
Left primary bronchus
What is the shortest and widest portion of the small bowel?
Duodenum
What is the approx. length of the duodenum?
8-10 inches
What is Crohn's disease?
It is a chronic, progressive, inflammatory disease of the bowel. The symptoms are most commonly that of diarrhea and pain. Weight loss, fatigue, and irritability are characteristic of the disease. The bowel movements often include mucus, blood and pus because of the infection.
There are 4 portions of the Duodenum, can you name them and what they include?
Superior-1st portion(includes dueodenal bulb)
Descending-2nd portion(where common bile and pancreatic ducts unite and open)
Horizontal-3rd. portion
Ascending-4th portion(joins jejunum,duodenojejunal flexure, supported by ligament of Treitz)