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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anterior
front part of body
postrerior
back part of body
caudad
toward feet
cephalad
toward head
projection
path of central ray as it travels through the patient to the ir
pa projection
(posteroanterior) xray enters posterior surface of body and exits the anterior surface
ap projection
(anteroposterior) xray enters anterior surface of body and exits posterir surface
axial projection
when beam is angled
tangential projection
xray toward outer margin of body (skim surface)
lateral projection
perpendicular beam enters one side of jody and exits opposite side
lateromedial lateral
xray enters the lateral side and exits medial side
mediolateral lateral
xray enters medial side and exits lateral side
oblique projection
exray enters body from a side angle
true projection
placed exacty in anatomic position
ap oblique projection
xray enters the anterior surface of body and exits posterior surface
pa oblique projection
xray enters posterior surface of body and exits anterior surface
position
position of patient in relation to the ir
recumbent
lying down in any position
supine
lying on the back - face up
prone
lying face down
trendelenberg
supine with head tilted downward
fowler
supine with head higher than feet
lithotomy
lying supine with thighs flexed on the abdomen
lateral
named for the side of the body closest to the ir
oblique
side of patient closest to the ir.
decubitus
patient lying down and using a horizontal beam.
dorsal decub
supine with horizontal beam
ventral decub
probe with horizontal bean
rt lateral decub
lying on rt side with horizontal beam, ir is either anterior or posterior to body
lt lateral decub
lying on lt side with horizontal beam, ir is either anterior or posterior to body
abduct
move away from central axis of body
adduct
move toward central axis of body
extension
straighten a joint
flexion
bend a joint
pronate
rotate forearm so palm is down
supinate
rotate forearm so palm is up (anatomic position)
4 forms of IR
cassette w/film
image plate (IP)-computed (CR)
digital
fluoroscopic
radiograph must have
date
pt. id
r/l marker
facility name
causes of involuntary motion
heart beat, chills, peristalsis, tremor, spasm, pain
causes of voluntary motion
nervousness, discomfort, excitability, mental illness, fear, age, breathing
thoracic cavity contains
lungs & pleura, trachea, mainstem bronchii, esophagus, heart, great vessels & heart lining (pericardium), thymus gland
abdominal cavity contains
peritoneum, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, stomach, intestines, kidneys, ureters, pelvic portion, major blood vessels