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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
advance directives
client's end of life care decisions
Condition of participation
clients be notified of their rights
key principles of patient's rights documentation
Continuum Care
individual's ongoing needs w/ appropriate care and type of medical, psychological, health, or social services across multiple organizations
Discharge planning
nurse plans for client's release, the process begins upon client's admission
JCAHO
private, nongovernmental that establishes guidelines. Guideline basis of accreditation, generally required for medicare reimbursement
Pt. Self Determination Act
requires all Medicare and Medicaid pts. informed of advanced directives and right to accept or reject med. treatment
Contractures
flexion and fixation caused by atrophy and shortening of muscle fibers or loss of elasticity of skin
Dorsiflexion
flexion toward the back
Eversion
turning outward
External rotation
rotation of a joint outward
Internal rotation
joint inward
inversion
turning something upside down
Isometric contraction
increase muscle tension w/out muscle shortening
Isometric exercise
tightening or tensing muscles w/out moving body parts
Lateral flexion
head tilted as far as possible toward each shoulder
advance directives
client's end of life care decisions
Condition of participation
clients be notified of their rights
key principles of patient's rights documentation
Continuum Care
individual's ongoing needs w/ appropriate care and type of medical, psychological, health, or social services across multiple organizations
Discharge planning
nurse plans for client's release, the process begins upon client's admission
JCAHO
private, nongovernmental that establishes guidelines. Guideline basis of accreditation, generally required for medicare reimbursement
Pt. Self Determination Act
requires all Medicare and Medicaid pts. informed of advanced directives and right to accept or reject med. treatment
Contractures
flexion and fixation caused by atrophy and shortening of muscle fibers or loss of elasticity of skin
Dorsiflexion
flexion toward the back
Eversion
turning outward
External rotation
rotation of a joint outward
Internal rotation
joint inward
inversion
turning something upside down
Isometric contraction
increase muscle tension w/out muscle shortening
Isometric exercise
tightening or tensing muscles w/out moving body parts
Lateral flexion
head tilted as far as possible toward each shoulder
Plantar flexion
flexion of foot and toes toward the sole
Alopecia
partial or complete lack of hair
Cheilosis
disorder of lips and mouth characterized by scales and fissures
Humectant
substance that promotes retention of moisture
Maceration
skin becomes abnormally soft and breaks down because of prolonged exposure to moisture
Mastication
chewing, tearing, or grinding food w/ teeth
Neuropathy
inflammation and degeneration of the peripheral nerves
Plaque
thin film, made up of mucin and collodial material
Pruritus
symptoms of itching
Stomatitis
inflammatory condition of the mouth
Tartar
hard, gritty deposit on the teeth
Vellus
soft, fine hair
Xerostomia
dryness of the mouth
Cardiac Output
blood ejected by the ventricles
Centrigrade
temp scale Celsius 0-100
diastolic pressure
lower blood pressure measurement, ventricular relaxation
Dyspnea
difficulty breathing
Dysrhythmia
irregular fast or slow heart rhythm
Heatstroke
core body temp 47 degree Celsius
Orthopynea
person must sit or stand to breath deeply or comfortably
Oximetry
measure amount or oxygenated hemoglobin
Oxygen Saturation
amount of hemoglobin fully saturated w/ oxygen
Postural hypotension
normotensive person becomes light headed or dizzy and experiences low blood pressure when rising to upright position
Premature ventricular contraction
cardiac dysrhythmia, wide QRS complex w/out preceding P wave
S1 first heart sound
ventricular systole, closure of the mitral and tricuspid valves
S2 second heart sound
closure of aortic and pulmonary valves before ventricular diastole
Stroke volume
blood ejected left ventricle w/each ventricular contraction
Systolic pressure
higher blood pressure measurement, ventricular contraction (systole)
Tachypnea
resp greater than 20 breaths per min
Bruit
abnormal sound or murmur
Cardiomegaly
enlargement of the heart
Costovertebral angle (CVA) tenderness
tenderness in this area after palpation, usaully kidney infection
Erythema
redness or inflammation of skin or mucous
Friction Rub
dry grating sound during auscultation, caused by rubbing of tissue surfaces
Pallor
unnatural paleness