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49 Cards in this Set

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AbSorbed through the skin
SLOW STEADY RATE
Mucous Membrane
Pulmonary Drug
Transdermal
Transdermal
Absorbed through mucous membranes
MODERATE RAPID RATE
Pulmonary Drug
Mucous membrane
transdermal
Mucous Membrane
beneath the tongue
EXTREMELY VASCULAR
RAPID ABSORPTOION
sublingual
buccal
Eye Drop
Intranasal
Aural
Sublingual medication administration
Between cheek and gum
MODERATE RAPID RATE
sublingual
buccal
Eye Drop
Intranasal
Aural
Buccal medication administration
Medication on the conjuctival sacMODERATE RAPID RATE
sublingual
buccal
Eye Drop (ocular)
Intranasal
Aural
Eye Drop
Manually open the ear canal administer appropriate dose
- pediatric - pull lower ear downward
sublingual
buccal
Eye Drop
Intranasal
Aural
Aural medication administration
Administred into mucous membranes of the nose
MODERATE RAPID RATE
sublingual
buccal
Eye Drop
Intranasal
Aural
Intranasal
Intranasal
Promote bronchodialation adminisistered via inhalation or injection
Pulmanary drug
Inhalation aid that disperses liquid into aerosol spray or mist
Nuebulizer
Metered Dose Inhaler
Endotracheal Tube
Nuebulizer
Handheld device that produces a medicated spray for inhalation
Nuebulizer
Metered Dose Inhaler
Endotracheal Tube
Metered Dose Inhaler
Deliver into lungs
Lidocane, epinephrine, Atropine, Naloxone
Rapid absortion through the pulmanary capillaries,
Only use when Neither IV OR ID can be used
Nuebulizer
Metered Dose Inhaler
Endotracheal Tube
Endotracheal Tube
Delivery of medication absorbed through the GI tract
Parenteral
Enteral
Enteral
Physical emotion, activity, and food can significatnly alter the GI tracts absorption
Parenteral
Enteral
Enteral
Medication taken by mouth and swallowed into the GI Tract
adequate LOC
Oral drug admin
alcohol sweetened fluid
capsules
tablets
elixirs
emulsions
elixirs
Fats - oils
Emulsions
Lozenges
suspensions
Elixirs
emulsions
small particles of solid medication (powder mixed with liquid)
Emulsions
Lozenges
suspensions
Elixirs
suspensions
sugar in water, or another liquid to which medication is added
Emulsions
syrups
suspensions
Elixirs
syrups
Access directly to GI systme
Used when difficulty swallowing/poor nutrtion
ORal Drug
Gastric Tube Admin
Gastric Tube Admin
Extreme vasuclarity
RAPID DRUG ABSORBTION
medications do not travle through the liver
Rectal admisnistration
Oral administration
Rectal admin
Change in medications's chemical composition that occures in the liver
suppository
emulsion
embolism
hepatic alterations
hepatic alterations
Drug administred outside the GI Tract/liquid form
Parenteral
enteral
Parenteral
Liquid medication delivered thorugh vein
Infusion
administration through circulatory system or tissue, pulmonary
Parenteral
Higher the guage
smaller the diameter
plastic or glass container with a sel-sealing rubber top
vial
ampule
VIAL
breakable glass vessel containing liquid medication
vial
ampule
ampule
2 containers
1 with powder
1 with liquid mixing
noncostituted drug vial
(MIX-O-Vial)
Dermal layer of the skin
VERY SLOW ABSORPTION
1 ml
10 - 15 degree
Intradermal Injection
Intramuscular
Subcutaneous
Intradermal Injection
Loose Connective tissue between muscle and skin
SLOW SUSTAINED ABSORBTION
45 degree
Detoid, Lateral thigh
Abdomen
Intradermal Injection
Intramuscular
Subcutaneous
subcutaneious Injection
Extreme vascular
MODERATE ABOSORPTION RATE
Permits systemic delivery
90 degree
up to 5 ml
Intradermal Injection
Intramuscular
Subcutaneous
Intramuscular Injection
6 rights of drug administration
right person
right drug
right dose
right time
right route
right documentation
puncture of vein to deliver medication or withdraw blood
IV (cannulation)
Intravenous access
vein in arm, leg or neck
start distal and work proximally
ADVANTAGE SIMPLE
Peripheral venous access
Central venous access
Peripheral venous access
Located deep within the body
-internal jugular, sublavian, femoral
- Larger veins, will not collapse in shock
Peripheral venous access
Central venous access
Central venous access
Line threaded into the central circulation viea a peripheral site
-lines often used in infants required long - term care
PICC
peripherally inserted central catheter
puncture to vien to deliver medication or withdraw blood
Intravenous access
(cannulation)
-Deliver fluid and blood replacement
-Drug administration
-Obtaining venous blood specimans for lab
Intravenous access
(cannulation)
supplie for venous access
chemically prepared solution tailored to the boy's specific needs
Intravenous fluid
-intravenous solution large protien cannot pass through capillary membrane
- osmotic - atrract water into the circulatory system
- increase volume of blood and fluid in blood vessels
- hlep maintain vascular volume
colloid
crystalloids
colloid
intravenous solution contain electrocytes but lack larger protiens
- Most popular
- tonicity - # of particles per unit volume
colloid
crystalloids
crystalloids
protien-containing colloid.
plasma protein fraction (plasmanate)
salt poor albumin
Dextran
Hetastarch
plasma protein fraction (plasmanate)
contains only human abulmin
each gram contains 18 ml of water in blood stream
plasma protein fraction (plasmanate)
salt poor albumin
Dextran
Hetastarch
salt poor albumin
large sugar molecule osmotic properties
anaphylactic shock
plasma protein fraction (plasmanate)
salt poor albumin
Dextran
Hetastarch
Dextran
large sugar molecule osmotic properties
plasma protein fraction (plasmanate)
salt poor albumin
Dextran
Hetastarch
Hetastarch
solutions on opposite sides of membraner are = in concentration
hypertonic
hypotonic
isotonic
isotonic
sloution has higher solute concentration on one side than the other (SHIFT OUT)
hypertonic
hypotonic
isotonic
hypertonic
solution has lower solute concentration on one side than the other (SHIFT INTO)
hypertonic
hypotonic
isotonic
hypotonic
capability of transport oxygen.
- hemoglobin from expired blood or cow blood
Hemoglobin-based oxygen carrying solutions