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28 Cards in this Set

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You are transporting a 40-year-old male with respiratory distress. The patient tells you that he recently had a positive TB skin test and is currently being evaluated for possible tuberculosis. You should:
1) apply a nonrebreathing mask on the patient and a HEPA respirator on yourself.
2) remain at least 3 feet away from the patient and apply a surgical mask on him.
3) apply a sterile surgical mask on yourself and a HEPA respirator on the patient.
4) apply a nasal cannula on the patient and a sterile surgical mask on yourself.
1) apply a nonrebreathing mask on the patient and a HEPA respirator on yourself.
While transporting a stable patient with chest pain to the hospital, you come across a major motor-vehicle crash involving several critically injured patients. Your MOST appropriate action should be to:
Continue transporting your patient and notify dispatch of the crash
An 81-year-old female fell and struck her head. You find the patient lying on her left side. She is conscious and complains of neck and upper back pain. As you are assessing her, you note that she has a severely kyphotic spine. What is the MOST appropriate method of immobilizing this patient?
1) Apply a cervical collar and place her in a sitting position on the wheeled stretcher.
2) Immobilize her in a supine position on a long backboard and secure her with straps.
3) Leave her on her side and use blanket rolls to immobilize her to the long backboard.
4) Move her to a supine position and immobilize her with a scoop stretcher and padding.
3) Leave her on her side and use blanket rolls to immobilize her to the long backboard.
You and your partner respond to the scene of a 49-year-old male with acute abdominal pain. As you enter his residence, you find him lying on the floor in severe pain. He is conscious and alert. The patient appears to weigh in excess of 300 pounds. Your FIRST action should be to:
Request additional personnel before making any attempts to lift him
Chest thrusts should be performed to remove a foreign body obstruction if the awake patient is:
Pregnant or Obese
Which of the following situations would dictate the use of a mask and gown in addition to gloves?
1) Emergency delivery of an infant
2) Closed tibia fracture with no bleeding
3) Contact with an HIV-infected patient
4) Open humerus fracture with minimal bleeding
1) Emergency delivery of an infant
Maintaining the chain of evidence at the scene of a crime should include:
1) quickly moving the weapon out of the patient's sight.
2) placing the patient in a private area until the police arrive.
3) making brief notes at the scene and then completing them later.
4) not cutting through holes in clothing that were caused by weapons.
4) not cutting through holes in clothing that were caused by weapons.
A critical aspect of the rapid extrication technique is to:
Maintain stabilization of the spine at all times
Which of the following is professionally equivalent to the EMT-Basic?
1) Ambulance driver
2) Physician assistant
3) Ambulance technician
4) None of these
4) None of these
An unrestrained patient is sitting in his car after an automobile crash. He is conscious and alert, has no visible trauma, and is complaining of neck and back pain. Before removing him from his car, you should:
apply a cervical collar and immobilize him with a vest-style device.
When carrying a patient on a backboard up or down stairs:
keep the head end elevated
A 60-year-old male is found to be unresponsive, pulseless, and apneic alone in his house. You should:
begin CPR until an AED is available.
Rescuers can reduce the risk of gastric inflation by:
avoiding giving breaths too rapidly or too forcefully.
Which of the following terms best describes the action EMTs take to help stabilize a patient with an injury or illness?
1) Definitive care
2) Patient care
3) Patient assessment
4) Focused assessment
Patient Care
Which of the following scenarios MOST accurately depicts abandonment?
1) Paramedic transfers patient care to an EMT-B
2) EMT-I transfers patient care to a paramedic
3) Physician assumes patient care from an EMT-B
4) EMT-B gives a verbal report to an ER nurse
Paramedic transfers patient care to an EMT-B
You arrive at the scene of a motor vehicle versus pedestrian accident. The patient, a 13-year-old male, is unconscious and has multiple injuries. As you are treating the child, a law enforcement officer advises you that the child's parents will be at the scene in approximately 15 minutes. What should you do?
1) Transport the child immediately and have the parents meet you at the hospital.
2) Treat the child at the scene and wait for the parents to arrive and give consent.
3) Begin transport at once and have the parents meet you en route to the hospital.
4) Withhold treatment until the parents arrive and give you consent for treatment.
1) Transport the child immediately and have the parents meet you at the hospital.
You are attempting to resuscitate a 50-year-old male in cardiac arrest. He is on the second floor of his home. What is the MOST appropriate device to use when carrying him to the first floor?
Long Backboard
Who is the person who assumes the ultimate responsibility for patient care rendered by the EMT?
Medical Director
The ________ is both the mechanical weight-bearing base of the spinal column and the fused central posterior section of the pelvic girdle.
Sacrum
What type of stress reaction occurs when an EMT-B is exposed to many insignificant stressors over a period of several months or years?
Cumulative Stress Reaction
You and your partner are the first to arrive at a potential crime scene with a critically injured patient involved. The scene is safe. Your first priority is to:
Provide immediate patient care
The MOST appropriate carrying device to use when moving a patient across rough or uneven terrain is the:
Basket Stretcher
Which of the following statements regarding the use of the AED in children is MOST correct?
1) AEDs should never be used on children less than 8 years of age or less than 55 pounds.
2) AEDs are only effective in pediatric patients if severe trauma is the cause of their cardiac arrest.
3) AEDs can be used on children as young as 1 years old.
4) AEDs are not used in pediatric patients because they do not experience ventricular fibrillation.
3) AEDs can be used on children as young as 1 years old.
A 75-year-old male with a terminal illness has died at home. As you and your partner enter the residence, a family member becomes verbally abusive, pushes you, and states that you took too long to get there. You should:
retreat and notify law enforcement personnel
While on duty, your partner asks you out on a date and touches you in an inappropriate location without your consent. You should:
tell your partner to stop and report the incident to your supervisor
You should use the AED to provide up to __ shock(s) followed by ____ cycles of CPR
1 ; 5
Which of the following is NOT a stage in the body's response to stress?
1) Alarm/reaction stage
2) Exhaustion stage
3) Resistance stage
4) Anticipation stage
4) Anticipation stage
Which of the following is the most common gateway for hospital services for patients who need emergency medical assistance?
1) Emergency medical dispatch center
2) Surgical services department
3) Emergency department
4) Emergency medical services system (EMS and EMTs)
3) Emergency department