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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
a-
no or without

Ex: (a)menorrhea

NOTE: a- before a consonant; an- before a vowel.
an-
no or without

Ex: (an)echoic

NOTE: a- before a consonant; an- before a vowel.
ab-
away from


Ex: abduct
ad-
toward


Ex: adduct
adoral (toward the mouth)
ante-
before


Ex: antenatal
antecubital (in front of the elbow)
pre-
before


Ex: preoperative
pro-
before

Ex: procaine (white crystalline powder used as a local anesthetic in medicine)
Ex: proleptic (recurring at decreasing intervals)
anti-
against


Ex: antibiotic, antihypertensive
contra-
against


Ex: contralateral
bi-
two


Ex: bifid
Ex: bifurcated (divided into two branches)
di-
two


Ex: dissect
brady-
slow


Ex: bradycardia, bradyarrhythmia
de-
removing, down from, elimination


Ex: decomposition, demineralization, dehydration
dia-
through, between, across


Ex: dialysis
Ex: diascope (an instrument pressed against the skin to see through the skin)
Ex: diaphysis (the point of separation between the stalk and the branch)
dys-
difficult or abnormal


Ex: dysphagia
ecto-
without or outside (external/away from)


Ex: ectonuclear (outside the nucleus of a cell)
Ex: ectoplasm, ectoparasite
ex-
without or outside (external/away from)


Ex: excementosis (outgrowth of cementum on the root surface of a tooth)
Ex: exhale
exo-
without or outside (external/away from)


Ex: exophytic, exoskeleton
en-
inside


Ex: encranial, encapsulated
endo-
inside


Ex: endometriosis, endoscopy
em-
inside


Ex: emphysema
eso-
inside


Ex: esogastritis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach)
epi-
on or above


Ex: epicondyle
eu-
good or normal


Ex: euthyroid, euthanasia
hemi-
half or partly


Ex: hemilaminectomy, hemiparesis
semi-
half or partly


Ex: semicartilaginous (composed partly of cartilage)
hyper-
excessive, greater than normal


Ex: hypercholesterolemia
hypo-
beneath/below normal, under


Ex: hyponatremia
sub-
beneath/below normal, under


Ex: subcutaneous
in-
not


Ex: inability
infra-
beneath


Ex: infraorbital
inter-
between


Ex: intercondylar
intra-
within/inside of


Ex: intrauterine
macro-
large


Ex: macrosomia
Ex: macroadenous (large glands)
mal-
bad


Ex: malalignment
meso-
middle/moderate


Ex: mesothelial
micro-
small


Ex: microhematuria
multi-
many/excessive


Ex: multinodular
poly-
many/excessive


Ex: polyhydramnios
mono-
one


Ex: monochorionic
uni-
one


Ex: unilateral
nulli-
none


Ex: nulliparous
para-
near, beside, resembling, abnormal


Ex: parahepatic
Is the structure long or tubular? Is it parallel to something next to it?
per-
through, by, or completely


Ex: percutaneous
peri-
around/near


Ex: periventricular
Is the structure more rounded or compact?
post-
after, behind


Ex: postoperative
primi-
first


Ex: primigravida
re-
back, again


Ex: redo
retro-
behind, backward


Ex: retroareolar
super-
more than normal, excessive


Ex: superinfection
supra-
above, over


Ex: suprapubic
syn-
together, union


Ex: synarthrosis
sym-
together, union


Ex: symphysis
tachy-
fast


Ex: tachyarrhythmia
trans-
across/through


Ex: transesophageal